Please enter something

Chapter 1 Governing Texas

question

Political culture
answer

Broadly shared values,beliefs and attitudes about how the government should function and politics should operate. American political culture emphasizes the value of libery,equality, and democracy
question

Moralistic political culture
answer

The belief that government should be active in promoting the public good and that citizens should participate in politics and civic activities to ensure that good
question

Individualistic political culture
answer

The belief that government should limit its role to providing order in society, so that citizens can pursue their economic self interest Focuses more on commercial success NY PA OH IL NV
question

Traditionalistic political culture
answer

The belief that government should be dominated by political elites and guided by tradition. Tx az fl ms al
question

Elite
answer

A small group of people that dominates the political process
question

Provincialism
answer

A narrow, limited, and self- interested view of the world
question

North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA)
answer

Treaty among the United States ,Canada, and Mexico to lower and eliminate tariffs among the three countries
question

Urbanization
answer

The process by which people move from rural areas to cities
question

Political economy
answer

The complex interrelations between politics and the economy, as well as their effect on one another
question

Texas traditionalistic , moralistic mix
answer

Low taxes and social service
question

One parity state
answer

Democratic Party dominated Texas for over a century. -Held all statewide offices, won presidential elections -100 percent of state legislature -Today GOP dominates Texas politics -Democrats have not won statewide office since 1994
question

Business dominance
answer

Union are mostly absent Consumer and environmental concerns not especially influences
question

Provincialism
answer

-Low spending on social services and education -Intolerance of social hierarchy challenges, diversity -Associated with Jeffersonian notions of limited government and rural values
question

The land
answer

Texas politics shaped by state geography -size,location,natural resources 2nd largest state 267,000 people
question

UPE Houston
answer

-1800s economy based on commerce and cotton -Houston ship channel transformed the city to become a major metropolitan area -oil and natural gas expanded industry base -largest manufacturer of petroleum equipment -technological advance spurred economic growth. – NASA,The Texas medical center, nanotechnology
question

UPE DALLAS
answer

Sat at intersection of two major railroads – transformed into a major commerce center Developed into financial center for the oil industry -additional economic bases: transportation,tech,retail
question

UPE FORT WORTH
answer

Located at a resting spot for cattle herders -railroads were built to serve the cattle industry. Major military installation – helped developed the aviation industry
question

UPE SAN ANTONIO
answer

Initially large city because it was the Capitol of Spanish Texas
question

UPE Economic and bases today
answer

Military infrastructure – bases,civilian industry and support Tourism – most visited in the state,Alamo major attraction Medical
question

Six flags
answer

1. Spain: 1519-1685 and 1690-1821 2. France: 1685-1690 3. Mexico: 1821-1836 4. Republic of Texas: 1836-1845 5. Confederacy: 1861-1865 6. United States: 1845-1861; and since 1865
question

Three sources of population growth
answer

-Natural increase (births) -International immigration (outside the U.S.) -Domestic immigration (one U.S. state to another)
question

NAFTA—North American Free Trade Agreement (1992)
answer

-Created free trade zone U.S., Canada, and Mexico -Texas increased exports to Mexico and Canada by $10b between 1992 and 1997. -24 out of 32 industries that export to Mexico saw double-digit gains
question

Cattle ranching
answer

-Texas has dominated cattle ranching industry for over a century. •Vast space, land suited for grazing and growing specialized feed -Increasingly operated by large agribusinesses • Many located in Texas, or agreements with cattle ranchers in the state -Currently, only about 2 percent of Texas population is located on farms
question

Cotton
answer

-Labor-intensive cultivation led to tenant farming and sharecropping. •A system of social and economic dependency that trapped many Texans in rural areas -Crop-lien system could easily place households in debt from which they could not escape •Radical political discontent in rural areas led to support for Grange and Populist movements
question

Cotton cultivation began in the 1820s.
answer

•By 1880s, Texas was the largest producer. •Connected to national markets by railroads
question

Three phases of technological change
answer

-Cotton and cattle -Oil -Technology innovations •Facilitated state strengths in high-tech industry, medical research, energy industry, and banking
question

The land
answer

•Texas politics shaped by state geography -Size, location, natural resources •2nd largest state, 267,000 sq. miles -800 miles north to south (about 11 hrs. by car) -773 miles east to west (about 10.5 hrs. by car) •Largest border with foreign country •Gulf coast and rivers, fertile and desert land, plains and mountains, oil and natural gas
question

Business dominance
answer

-Unions are mostly absent -Consumer and environmental concerns not especially influential
question

Provincialism
answer

-Associated with Jeffersonian notions of limited government and rural values -Low spending on social services and education -Intolerant of social hierarchy challenges, diversity
question

One-party state
answer

-Democratic Party dominated Texas for over a century. •Held all statewide offices, won presidential elections •100 percent of state legislature -Today, GOP dominates Texas politics. •Democrats have not won statewide office since 1994. •Texas legislature majority since 2002 -Democrats remain popular in Texas cities, though. •See congressional, state legislature, and county offices
question

Texas traditionalistic-moralistic mix
answer

-Low taxes and social service provision -Business interests dominate policy
question

Texas harder to generalize
answer

-Historical origins/development within state differ •Example: large cities (Houston, Dallas), border cities (El Paso, Laredo, Rio Grande Valley), rural regions sharply different histories, people, and industries
question

Traditionalistic political culture
answer

-Rooted in plantation values of social hierarchy -Focused on tradition and maintaining existing social order (keep standing arrangements) -Politics engaged in by established wealthy families -Examples: TX, AZ, FL, MS, AL
question

Individualistic political culture
answer

-Focuses more on commercial success -Government should provide order and protect property. -Bureaucracy viewed as interference -Less concern for mass participation in politics -Examples: NY, PA, OH, IL, NV
question

Moralistic political culture
answer

-Rooted in New England Puritanism -The common good (expressed through politics) is everyone’s concern. -Government should promote the public good. -Examples: MN, IA, WI, CA, WA, ME, VT, NH