Chapter 1 APUSH study notes

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Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan empire of South America
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Francisco Pizarro
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Portuguese explorer who completed the first circumnavigation of the world
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Ferdinand Magellan
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Spanish explorer who traveled across much of Alabama and the present-day Southeastern United States
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Hernando de Soto
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Period if cultural rebirth in Europe
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European Renaissance
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People of mixed Native American and European ancestry
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Mestizos
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Last ruler of the Aztec Empire
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Montezuma
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European explorer who allegedly returned form a journey to China and the Far East in 1215, help to spark European desire for oriental good
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Marco Polo
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Italian born sailor who convinced the Spanish royalty to outfit a mission to establish a sea route to Asia
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Christopher Colombus
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Indigenous peoples of the Americas
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Inuit people, native Americans, Aztecs, and incas
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Monarchs of Spain who supported Spanish colonization of the Americas
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Ferdinand & Isabella
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Group of native Americans in the present day united states who were known for earthen pyramids
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Aztecs
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Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire and Mexico
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Cortez
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Style of historical writing or propaganda that demonizes the Spanish colonization of the Americas
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Black legend
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Spanish system that gave native Americans to spanish landowners if they promised to convert them to Christianity
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Encomienda
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The great Ice Age accounted for the origins of North America’s human history because
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It exposed a land bridge connecting EuroAsia and North American
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Most likely the first Americans were
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EuroAsians
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In 1492, when Europeans arrived in the Americas, the total of the two continents population was perhaps
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54 million
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What did some basic characteristics of the more advanced Native American Cultures?
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*establish large citied *studied math *carried on commerce *made accurate astronomical observations
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What characteristics did the Incan, Mayan, and Aztec p civilization share
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Large cities, advanced agricultural practices, mathematics, and the wheel
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Which crop became the staple of life in Mexico and South America
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Corn
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Which PRIMARY factor enabled Europeans to conquer native Americans with relative ease ?
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The absences of dense concentration of populations
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What was the positive consequence of the \”three sister\” farming on the southeast Atlantic seaboard
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Produced a rich diet that lead to high population density
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Before the arrival of Europeans, how did most peoples in North America live
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Small, scattered & imperanat settlements
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Why didn’t the voyages of the Scandinavian seafarers result in permanent settlements in North America
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They didn’t have support
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What events led to a drive of Europeans toward Asia, the penetration of Africa, and the discovery of the anew World?
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Quicker trade routes and religious persecution
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Why did the Spanish explorers want to become conquistadores
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To earn God’s favor
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What is the Dominican Friar Bartolomé de Las Casas best known for
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He fought against his own country (Spanish) for the native Americans
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Describe the Columbian exchange
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The transfer of plants, animals,, and diseases to the new world
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Rebellion by Pueblo Indians in present day New Mexico that saw the destruction of the Spanish colony therem
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Pope’s rebellion

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