Chap 35 Alterations of Pulmonary Function (12 questions on final)

Flashcard maker : Livia Baldwin
Besides dyspnea what is the most common characteristic associated with pulmonary disease
Cough
Pulmonary edema and pulmonary fibrosis cause hypoxemia by which mechanism
Impairing alveolacapillary membrane diffusion
High altitudes may produce hypoxemia through which mechanism
Decreased inspiration
Which condition is capable of producing alveolar dead space
Pulmonary emboli
What is the most common cause of pulmonary edema
Left side heart failure
Pulmonary edema usually begins to develop at a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or left atrial pressure of how many millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
20
The collapse of lung tissue caused by the lack of collateral ventilation through the pores of the Kohn is referred to as what type of atelectasis
Absorption
Which condition involves an abnormally enlarged gas exchange system and the destruction of the lungs alveolar walls
Emphysema
What type of pulmonary disease requires more force to expire a volume of air
Obstructive
Which immunoglobulin (Ig) may contribute to the pathophysiologic characteristics of asthma
IgE
Which statement about late asthmatic response is true
The release of toxic neuropeptides contributes to increased bronchial hyper-responsiveness
Clinical manifestations of inspiratory and expiratory wheezing, dyspnea, non productive couch, and tachypnea are indicative of which
Asthma
The most successful treatment for chronic asthma begins with which action
Avoidance of causative agent
Which factor contributes to the production of mucus associated with chronic bronchitis
Increased goblet cell size
Clinical manifestations of decreased exercise tolerance, wheezing, shortness of breath, and productive cough are indicative of which respiratory disorder
Chronic bronchitis
Clinical manifestation that include unexplained weight loss, dyspnea on excretion, use of accessory muscles, and tachypnea with prolonged expiration are indicative of which respiratory disorder
Emphysema
Which of the following is the most common route of lower respiratory tract infection
Aspiration of oropharyngeal
What is the initial step in the management of emphysema
Cessation of smoking
The progression of chronic bronchitis is best halted by which intervention
Smoking cessation
Clinical manifestations of inspiratory crackles, increased tactile fremitus, egophony, and whispered pectoriloquy are indicative of which respiratory condition
Pneumonia (Viral)
Which statement is true regarding hypoxemia
Respiratory alterations cause hypoxemia
What are causes of dyspnea
*Decreased pH, increased partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) and decreased partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2)
*Stimulation of stretch or J-receptors
*Presence of anxiety
Which inflammatory mediators are produced in asthma
Histamine
Bradykinin
Leukotrienes
Prostaglandins
Atelectasis
Collapse of lung tissue

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