Chapter 6 Test Flashcards

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Who invented the telephone?
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Bell
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All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s except
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the emergence of the middle class.
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The Great Strike of 1877 took place in the
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railroad industry
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In the late 1800s, workers tolerated poor wages and working conditions because they..
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could be replaced easily by other workers
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Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following except:
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cutting the quality of his products
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Why were scabs unpopular with striking workers during the late 1800s
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They were workers used to break strikes
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How did the federal government support employers during times of labor unrest?
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sent in troops
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This man took Darwin’s ideas and applied them to society.
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Spencer
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The intention of the Sherman Antitrust Act was to
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outlaw the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade.
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Term for authors who research and wrote about the problems with big business and industry at the turn of the century
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muckrakers
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What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s
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stronger steal
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In the late 1800s, industrial workers
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faced low wages and long hours in unsafe working conditions.
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what did Social Darwinism discourage?
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Government regulations
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Which of the following most allowed manufactures to build their factories away from rivers?
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electricity
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What did trusts reduce during the late 1800s?
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Competition
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In which of the following places did 146 female workers die in a fire?
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triangel shirtwaist factory
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Social Darwinism was used to justify all the following except
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government regulation of business
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What leader began the American Federation of Labor?
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Samuel Gompers
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Wrote \”Rags to Riches\” Stories for boys
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Alger
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MATCHING PART
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ON THE TEST:
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A person threw a bomb and killed a policeman. The result was that 4 of the 8 leaders were hanged.
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Haymarket Square Riot
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Strickers drove back the Pinkerton Guards but finally gave in because they were desperate for pay.
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Homestead Strike
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President Cleveland sent in troops to put down this strike. 6 workers were killed and Cleveland allegedly remarked that they should’ve killed more \”to make an impression\”
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Pullman Company Strike
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Workers from the B & O Railroad struck to protest pay cuts. It became violent and President Hayes sent in the troops.
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Great Strike of 1877
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Many saw her as the \”mother\” of the labor movement. She supported the Great Strike of 1877 and helped organize the united mine Workers union
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Marry Harris Jones
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wrote a book that was very critical of Standard Oil
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Ida Tarbell
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proponet of laissez faire economics
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Adam Smith
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invented the typewriter
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Christopher Sholes
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\”The Wizard of Menlo Park\”
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Thomas Alva Edison
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made his wealth in banking
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J.P. Morgen
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philanthropist that gave money for libraries
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Andrew Carnegie
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developed a technique to cheaply and efficiently turn iron into steel
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Henry Bessemer
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Who started as a bookkeeper in Cleveland and went on to become the head of standard Oil?
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Rocket feller
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Who was the Scottish immigrant who made of fortune in the steel industry? He also went on to donate money for the construction of thousands of libraries.
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Carnegie
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Name the Author who described the time period from 1877-1917 as \”The Gilded Age\”
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Mark Twain
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What industry did Sinclair’s book, The Jungle, Did the book achieve what Sinclair hoped it would? Explain
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What type of integration is it when a company controls every level of production of a product?
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Vertical integration
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He was also known as the \”commodore\” and made his really big money owning railroads.
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Vanderbilt
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Explain why labor unions developed in our country? Did the business support this development?
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Discuss the factors that allowed the U.S. to industrialize very rapidly during the last half of the 19th Century?
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