Ch2 Human Body in Health and Disease

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Is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) a congenital disorder or a genetic disorder?
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congenital disorder
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Which physician specializes in diagnosing, treating, and preventing disorders and diseases of infants and children?
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pediatrician
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Which type of specialized epithelial tissue lines the blood and lymph vessels?
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endothelium
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Which glands pour their secretions directly into the bloodstream?
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endocrine
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Which term describes the location of the heart in relationship to the stomach?
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superior
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Which term describes any abnormal condition of a gland?
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adenosis
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Which term refers to the back of the body or organ?
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dorsal
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Which term describes the enlargement of an organ or tissue due to an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues?
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hyperplasia
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Which term means situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure?
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proximal
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Which genetic variation is associated with characteristic facial appearance, learning disabilities, and physical abnormalities such as heart valve disease?
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Down syndrome
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What is the medical term for the structure commonly known as the belly button?
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umbilicus
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Which term means toward the midline?
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medial
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Which type of tissue provides protective padding, insulation, and support?
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adipose tissue
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Which abdominal region is covered by the lower ribs?
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hypochondriac
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Which term describes the location of a structure below the transverse plane?
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inferior
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Which type of disorder has no physiological or anatomical cause that can be identified to explain the symptoms being experienced by the patient?
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functional disorder
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Which term describes a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood-clotting factor is missing?
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hemophilia
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Which term describes the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area?
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endemic
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Which term describes the study of the causes of diseases?
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etiology
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Which body cavity protects the lungs and heart?
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thoracic cavity
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Which term means situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure?
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distal
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Which condition is an unfavorable response to a medical or surgical treatment?
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iatrogenic illness
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Which of these structures is NOT found in the nucleus of a cell?
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cytoplasm
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Which term describes the study of the functions of the structures of the body?
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physiology
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Which membrane is the inner layer of the peritoneum that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity?
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visceral peritoneum
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Which type of physician provides ongoing care for patients of all ages?
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general practitioner
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Which term refers to a malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue?
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adenocarcinoma
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Which term means toward the lower part of the body?
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caudal
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Which term means inflammation of a gland?
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adenitis
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Which form of transmission spreads hepatitis B and most sexually transmitted diseases?
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bloodborne transmission
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When the same ________ gene is inherited from both parents, the offspring will have that condition.
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recessive
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Unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods of time through cell division are known as ________ cells.
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stem
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A/An ________ is a deviation from what is regarded as normal.
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anomaly
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A physician who specializes in the care of older people is known as a/an ________ .
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geriatrician
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The ________ region is located above the stomach.
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epigastric
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A/An ________ is a benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue.
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adenoma
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The study of the formation, structure, and function of cells is known as ________ .
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cytology
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A/An ________ is the complete set of genetic information of an individual.
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genome
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The body is divided into equal left and right halves by the ________ plane.
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midsagittal
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The ________ plane divides the body into upper and lower portions.
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transverse
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A/An ________ is a group of specialized epithelial cells that are capable of producing secretions.
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gland
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The term ________ means located behind the peritoneum.
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retroperitoneal
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The ________ region is the part of the abdomen that is located below the stomach.
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hypogastric
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The term ________ means toward the head.
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cephalic
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A specialist in the study of genes is known as a/an ________ .
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geneticist
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The term ________ describes the abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs.
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dysplasia
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When a/an ________ geneisinherited from one parent, the offspring will have that genetic condition or characteristic.
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dominant
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The ________ cavity protects the brain.
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cranial
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The ________ plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions. This is also known as the coronal plane.
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frontal
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The study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues is known as ________
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histology
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Aplasia is the incomplete development of an organ usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells.
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false
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The common cold is an example of a communicable disease.
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true
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An idiopathic disorder is an illness without known cause.
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true
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Chromosomes are made up of the DNA molecules that contain the body’s genes.
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true
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Adenosclerosis is the abnormal softening of a gland.
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false
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The hypogastric region is located behind the stomach.
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false
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Hypertrophy is the abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
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false
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Hypertrophy is the abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
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true
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The term homeostasis means the patient should remain at home.
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false
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Theiliac regions are located on the left and right sides over the hip bones.
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true
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The abdominal cavity primarily contains the organs of reproduction.
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false
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A nosocomial infection is a disease acquired in a hospital or clinic setting.
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true
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Loose connective tissue surrounds various organs and supports both nerve cells and blood vessels.
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true
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The study of the medical problems and care of older people is known as genetics.
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false
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A hospitalist directs the administrative affairs of a hospital or large clinic.
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false
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A cytologist is a specialist in the study and analysis of tissues.
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false
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A pathogen is a disease-producing microorganism such as a virus.
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true
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The ventral cavity is located along the back of the body.
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false
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The term retroperitoneal means located behind the peritoneum.
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true
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Thelumbar regions are located on the sides near the inward curve of the spine.
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true
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A histologist is a specialist in the study of the organization of tissues at all levels.
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true

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