Ch. 8: Respiratory System (medical terminology)

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Rhinitis is inflammation of the:
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nose
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Pulmonary refers to the:
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lungs
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Pharyngitis is inflammation of the:
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throat
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Chronic laryngitis is most likely to cause which of the following?
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aphonia
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Material raised from inflamed membranes of the respiratory tract is called:
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sputum
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The term for an agent that is used to prevent or relieve a cough is:
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antitussive
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Inspiration is:
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breathing air into the lungs
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A respiratory condition in which there is discomfort in breathing in any position except sitting erect or standing is:
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orthopnea
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Spirometry is:
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the measurement of the amount of air taken into and expelled from the lungs
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The inability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs caused by improper functioning of the brain is called:
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aphasia
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The sudden blocking of an artery by foreign material is called:
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embolism
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Pneumonia is:
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inflammation of the lungs
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Tiny air sacs through which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place are called:
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alveoli
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The throat is the:
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pharynx
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Pulmonary lobectomy is:
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excision of a lobe of the lung
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Tracheotomy means:
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incision of the windpipe through the skin and muscles of the neck overlying it
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The term for a whistling sound made during respiration is:
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wheeze
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The largest volume of air that can be expelled after maximal inspiration is called:
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vital capacity
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The muscular wall that separates the abdomen from the thoracic cavity is called me:
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diaphragm
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Each lung is surrounded by a membrane called the:
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pleura
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Pneumocardial pertains to the:
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heart and lungs
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Inflammation of the lungs is called:
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pneumonitis
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Effusion of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spaces of the lungs is called:
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pulmonary edema
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The lidlike structure that covers the voice box during the swallowing of food “is called the:
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epiglottis
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A respiratory condition characterized by paroxysmal dyspnea and wheezing is called:
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asthma
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A chronic disease characterized by increased size of alveoli and destructive changes of their walls is
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emphysema
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The general name of the procedure in which a tube is placed through the mouth or nose, pharynx, and larynx into the trachea for the purpose of establishing an airway is:
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endotracheal intubation
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Pneumoconiosis is:
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a respiratory condition caused by inhalation of dust particles
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Absence of breathing is termed:
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apnea
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Chronic dilation of the bronchi with a secondary infection that usually involves the lower part of the lung is called:
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bronchiectasis
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Laryngalgia means:
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painful larynx
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Bronchoscopy means the same as:
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bronchoscopic examination
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A percutaneous lung biopsy is:
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removal of small bits of tissue by puncture of the suspected lesion through the skin
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A term for occurring in sudden, periodic attacks is
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paroxysmal
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Phrenic means pertaining to the:
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diaphragm
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Air and blood in the pleural cavity is called:
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pneumohemothorax
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Absence of voice is called:
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aphonia
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A disease process that- causes decreased ability of the lungs to perform their ventilatory function and can result from several other chronic disorders of the respiratory organs is called:
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COPD
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A term that means pertaining to the windpipe and the bronchi is:
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tracheobronchial
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Bradypnea means:
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abnormally slow breathing
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Anoxia means:
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deficiency of oxygen
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Atelectasis is:
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a collapsed or airless condition of the lungs
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The trachea is the:
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windpipe
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Silicosis is:
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a form of pneumoconiosis
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Thoracic refers to the:
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chest
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Plastic surgery of the nose is:
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rhinoplasty
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Pleurisy is:
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the same as pleuritis
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Labored or difficult breathing is:
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dyspnea
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Which of the following is a machine for prolonged artificial respiration?
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ventilator
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Removal of lung tissue is called:
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pneumonectomy

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