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Ch.8 – Flashcard

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What is a linear settlement pattern
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It is where communities live along a line
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Circuit
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The area of jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals.
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Jurisdiction
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A court's authority to hear and decide cases.
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Exclusive Jurisdiction
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Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
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Concurrent Jurisdiction
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Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases.
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District Court
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Federal court where trials are held and lawsuits are begun.
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Original Jurisdiction
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The authority to hear cases for the first time.
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Appeals Court
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A court the reviews decisions made in lower district courts.
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Appellate jurisdiction
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The authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court.
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remand
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To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again.
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opinion
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A detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind a court's decision in a case.
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precendent
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A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
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judicial review
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The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution.
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constitutional
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In accordance with the Constitution
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docket
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A court's calendar, showing the schedule of cases it is to hear.
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brief
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A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case.
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majority opinion
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A statement that presents the views of the majority of Supreme Court justices regarding a case.
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unanimous opinion
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The Supreme Court rules on a case in which all justices agree on the ruling.
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concurring opinion
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A statement written by a justice who votes with the majority, but for different reasons.
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dissenting opinion
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A statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her opinion.
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stare decisis
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The practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases.