CH. 7 Med term test review

Agglutination
The clumping together of blood cells
coagulation
The process of blood clotting
hematologist
A physician specializing in the study of blood
pathogen
Any substance that causes disease
phagocyte
A cell that engulfs and destroys bacteria
embolism
Obstruction of a blood vessel by a circulating blood clot
hemophilia
A bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of coagulation factors
Leukemia
An abnormal increase in the number of immature white blood cells
Lymphoma
A malignant tumor of lymph tissue
Purpura
The condition of hemorrhages beneath the skin
Rouleaux
The abnormal stacking of erythrocytes
Thrombosis
The presence of a blood clot within a vessel
Spherocytosis
The abnormal condition of round or spherical shape erythrocyte
Lymphadenitis
Inflammation of the lymph gland
Erythrocytopenia
A decrease in the number of erythrocytes
Hematology
The study of blood and blood-forming organs
Anemia
any deficiency and blood quantity or quality
Embolus
A circulating blood clot
Hemorrhage
Excessive loss of blood
Corpuscle
Any blood cell
Hemolysis
destruction of erythrocytes
Plasma
Fluid portion of blood
Histamine
increases blood flow during allergic reaction
Eosinophil
Increase in number during allergic reactions
Hemoglobin
Main component of erythrocyte
Hematocrit
% of erythrocytes in the volume of blood
Neutrophil
Phagocyte does not absorb stain
heparin
Prevents blood from clotting
Lymphocyte
Produces antibodies
Basophil
releases histamine and heparin stains dark blue
Hemostasis
Stopping or controlling blood flow
Spleen
Lymph system structure that filters blood
Thymus
Lymph system structure produces t cells
Pharyngeal tonsils
Medical term that means adenoid
Aplastic anemia
type of anima caused by bone marrow disorder
Thalassemia
type of aneima that is hereditary in nature
Pernicious anemia
Type of anemia caused by decreased formation of mature erythrocytes
Polycythemia vera
Medical term means an increase in all types of blood cells
Prothrombin time
blood test evaluates the clotting ability of the blood
Polycythemia
The medical term for increase of red blood cells
lymph nodes
lymph system structure that filters lymph fluid
. Platelets are the most numerous blood cells
select the statement that is not true about the components of blood
hemoglobin
Substance is the main component of erythrocytes
A,B, RH
Which group of medical terms represent three red blood cell antigens
A positive, a antigen present, Rh antigen present
The phrase that accurately describes blood type A+
Blood
that is not a component of lymph fluid
True
The pharyngeal tonsils are also called the adenoids
True
Dyscrasias means abnormal condition of the blood
Thrombus
Blood clot
hemolysis
Destruction of blood and red blood cells
Splenomegaly
enlarged spleen
erythrocytes
Red blood cells
Leukocytes
White blood cells
Plasma
Fluid portion of blood
Spleen
largest lymph organ, filters blood
Tonsillitis
Inflammation of the tonsils
Heparin
substance that prevents blood from clotting
Thrombocytes
cells that are essential for normal blood clotting
Hemostasis
Stopping or controlling the flow of blood
Septicemia
Presence of disease-causing bacteria in the blood
Complete blood count
CBC
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESR
prothrombin time
PT
Red blood cell count
RBC
White blood cell count
WBC
Phagocytosis
the cellular process of engulfing and destroying material