CH. 7 Med term test review

Agglutination
The clumping together of blood cells

coagulation
The process of blood clotting

hematologist
A physician specializing in the study of blood

pathogen
Any substance that causes disease

phagocyte
A cell that engulfs and destroys bacteria

embolism
Obstruction of a blood vessel by a circulating blood clot

hemophilia
A bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of coagulation factors

Leukemia
An abnormal increase in the number of immature white blood cells

Lymphoma
A malignant tumor of lymph tissue

Purpura
The condition of hemorrhages beneath the skin

Rouleaux
The abnormal stacking of erythrocytes

Thrombosis
The presence of a blood clot within a vessel

Spherocytosis
The abnormal condition of round or spherical shape erythrocyte

Lymphadenitis
Inflammation of the lymph gland

Erythrocytopenia
A decrease in the number of erythrocytes

Hematology
The study of blood and blood-forming organs

Anemia
any deficiency and blood quantity or quality

Embolus
A circulating blood clot

Hemorrhage
Excessive loss of blood

Corpuscle
Any blood cell

Hemolysis
destruction of erythrocytes

Plasma
Fluid portion of blood

Histamine
increases blood flow during allergic reaction

Eosinophil
Increase in number during allergic reactions

Hemoglobin
Main component of erythrocyte

Hematocrit
% of erythrocytes in the volume of blood

Neutrophil
Phagocyte does not absorb stain

heparin
Prevents blood from clotting

Lymphocyte
Produces antibodies

Basophil
releases histamine and heparin stains dark blue

Hemostasis
Stopping or controlling blood flow

Spleen
Lymph system structure that filters blood

Thymus
Lymph system structure produces t cells

Pharyngeal tonsils
Medical term that means adenoid

Aplastic anemia
type of anima caused by bone marrow disorder

Thalassemia
type of aneima that is hereditary in nature

Pernicious anemia
Type of anemia caused by decreased formation of mature erythrocytes

Polycythemia vera
Medical term means an increase in all types of blood cells

Prothrombin time
blood test evaluates the clotting ability of the blood

Polycythemia
The medical term for increase of red blood cells

lymph nodes
lymph system structure that filters lymph fluid

. Platelets are the most numerous blood cells
select the statement that is not true about the components of blood

hemoglobin
Substance is the main component of erythrocytes

A,B, RH
Which group of medical terms represent three red blood cell antigens

A positive, a antigen present, Rh antigen present
The phrase that accurately describes blood type A+

Blood
that is not a component of lymph fluid

True
The pharyngeal tonsils are also called the adenoids

True
Dyscrasias means abnormal condition of the blood

Thrombus
Blood clot

hemolysis
Destruction of blood and red blood cells

Splenomegaly
enlarged spleen

erythrocytes
Red blood cells

Leukocytes
White blood cells

Plasma
Fluid portion of blood

Spleen
largest lymph organ, filters blood

Tonsillitis
Inflammation of the tonsils

Heparin
substance that prevents blood from clotting

Thrombocytes
cells that are essential for normal blood clotting

Hemostasis
Stopping or controlling the flow of blood

Septicemia
Presence of disease-causing bacteria in the blood

Complete blood count
CBC

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESR

prothrombin time
PT

Red blood cell count
RBC

White blood cell count
WBC

Phagocytosis
the cellular process of engulfing and destroying material

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