Ch. 6 Interpersonal Comm Key Terms

adaptors
gestures used to manage emotions, non-verbal, quirks
affect displays
nonverbal movements of the face and body used to show emotion
artifactual communication
communication via objects made by human hands. Ex. clothing,jewelry,smell
chronemics
the study of how humans use and structure time
civil inattention
the polite ignoring of others so as not to infringe on their privacy
color communication
The use of color to communicate different meanings; each culture seems to define the meanings colors communicate somewhat differently.
cultural display
Signs that communicate a person’s cultural identification, such as clothing or religious jewelry.
cultural display rules
cultural norms that regulate when and how emotions are expressed
emblems
non-verbal gestures that stand for a specific verbal meaning-symbols
equilibrium theory
theory of proxemics, intimacy and physical closeness are positively related
expectancy violations theory
a theory stating that we expect other people to maintain a certain distance from us in their conversations with us
eye avoidance
-can signal a lack of interest in a person, a conversation or vital stimuli
facial feedback hypothesis
The idea that facial expressions can influence emotions as well as reflect them
formal time
seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, etc.
some cultures use the phases of the moon and seasons to tell time
haptics
the study of touch-tactile communication
home field advantage
primary territories; you generally have greater influence over others than you would in someone else’s territory.
home territories
territory in which the person has a sense of intimacy. Ex. teacher’s office
illustrators
gestures that go along with a verbal message to clarify it
immediacy
The degree of liking or attractiveness in a relationship.
informal time
Based on our own perceptions of how to use time – Punctuality. approximate/cultural
intimate distance
a distance ranging from the point of touch to 18 inches from a person
kinesics
the study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and facial expressions
monochronic time orientation
a time orientation that emphasizes doing one thing at a time
nonverbal communication
communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech
occulesis
message communicated from the eyes
olfactory communication
Communication by smell
paralanguage
vocalic behaviors that communicate meaning along with verbal behavior–pitch,rate
personal distance
a distance ranging from 18 inches to 4 feet from a person
pitch
the property of sound that varies with variation in the frequency of vibration–highnesss or lowness of vocal tone
polychronic time orientation
a time orientation that emphasizes doing multiple things at once
protection theory
theory of proxemics-people establish a buffer zone to protect themselves against unwanted closeness
proxemic distances
1. Intimate- direct to 8 inches loved ones
2. Personal- 3 feet usually standing
3. Social- 4 to 12 feet usually sitting
4. Public- 12+ feet usually with audience
proxemics
the study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations
psychological time
the emphasis you place on the past, present, and future
public distance
a distance of 12 feet and farther from a person
rate
speed at which you speak
regulators
nonverbal actions that indicate to others how you want them to behave or what you want them to do–control
silence
the absence of sound in a production; used to set a mood or provide a moment for reflection–silence communicates
social distance
(4 to 12 feet) the distance most U.S Americans use when they interact with unfamiliar others.
spiral of silence
the process by which a majority opinion becomes exaggerated because minorities do not feel comfortable speaking out in opposition
tactile communication
Communicating through touching
temporal communication
messages communicated by time orientation and treatment of time, chronemics; concerns the use of time-how you use it, react to it, and communicate messages through it.
territoriality
a concept of the space and things that individuals consider their own
touch avoidance
tendency to avoid touching and being touched by others
volume
the magnitude of sound-loudness