Ch 4 Pre-test

The Supreme Court case of Mapp v. Ohio established the
exclusionary rule
Protection of citizens from improper government action is the definition of
civil liberties.
Which of the following places restraints on how the government is supposed to act?
procedural liberties
This process has gradually applied most of the protections of the Bill of Rights as limitations on state government power.
selective incorporation
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are called the
Bill of Rights.
The ____________ has been interpreted quite strictly to mean that a virtual wall of separation exists between church and state.
establishment clause
The so-called Lemon test, which came from the court case Lemon v. Kurtzman, concerns the issue of
aid to religious schools.
The First Amendment’s ____________ protects the right to believe in and practice one’s religion of choice.
free exercise clause
Which 1940 Supreme Court case established the time, place and manner rule that distinguishes between the regulation of religious beliefs and actions based on those beliefs?
Cantwell v. Connecticut
An example of speech plus would be
giving a speech against abortion and then distributing informational leaflets.
Four forms of speech fall outside the absolute guarantees of the First Amendment and therefore outside the realm of protected forms of speech. Which of the following is not a conditionally protected form of speech?
political speech
In 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the Second Amendment protects
an individual’s right to possess a firearm for private use.
McDonald v. Chicago incorporated which civil liberty against the states for the first time?
right to bear arms
The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth amendments, taken together, define
due process of law.
Miranda rights concern
self-incrimination.
Taking private property for public use is covered under the provision of
eminent domain.
In essence, for more than 170 years the Bill of Rights
did not really affect most Americans.
Division of current public opinion about the death penalty results from
differing opinions as to what constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.
The use of personal information by websites like Facebook, and its advertisers, raises questions about
the right to privacy.
The Supreme Court ruled in ____________ that the right to privacy did not extend to homosexuals.
Bowers v. Hardwick
Government policies after 9/11 have illustrated the tension between
liberty and national security.

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