Ch 13: The Presidency

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Which of the following statements about the presidential veto is most accurate?
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Use of the veto varies considerably across presidential administrations, and vetoes are seldom overridden.
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An informal group of advisers to the president is often called the
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Kitchen Cabinet
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Which executive agency has the least discretion, as a result of very detailed congressional legislation?
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the Internal Revenue Service
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Federal executive agencies do each of the following in implementing legislation except
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seek advisory opinions from the federal courts as to the constitutionality of the rules.
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The expansion of the Executive Office of the President, the development of regulatory review, and the use of executive orders have been important because they
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have given presidents substantial capacity to achieve significant policy results despite congressional opposition to their legislative agendas
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The first lady is an important resource for the president in his capacity as
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head of state
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The president must share foreign policy powers with the
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Congress
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Which statement about the Cabinet is incorrect?
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The Cabinet does not meet as a group, except during the State of the Union address
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The Office of Management and Budget is important because
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its personnel are an integral part of virtually every conceivable presidential responsibility, such as overseeing regulatory proposals, reporting on agency activities, and preparing the national budget
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Why was it considered shocking when, after the Civil War, Andrew Johnson made a series of speeches seeking public support for his Reconstruction policies?
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During the nineteenth century, it was seen as undignified for a president to campaign on his own behalf
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A signing statement is a(n)
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announcement the president makes about his interpretation of a congressional enactment he is signing into law.
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The president’s expressed powers include all of the following except
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partisan
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Which of the following tactics did Franklin Roosevelt not use to forge a link between the executive office and the public?
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running extensive national television advertising campaigns
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The State of the Union address is
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mandated by the Constitution
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As a means of managing the gigantic executive branch, presidents have increasingly come to rely upon the
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White House staff
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The rise of national conventions to nominate the president led to the empowerment of what group?
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state party leaders
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The Office of Management and Budget and the Council of Economic Advisers are both parts of
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the Executive Office of the President
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The last time Congress exercised its constitutional power to declare war was in
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1941
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The president’s power to set the debate concerning public policy in Congress is called a(n)
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legislative initiative
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A significant initiative set forth by Lyndon Johnson was
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the Great Society
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What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto?
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two-thirds of both houses of Congress
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The National Security Council is composed of all of the following except the
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Speaker of the House
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Why is the president’s State of the Union address important?
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It is an opportunity for the president to set the legislative agenda by initiating proposals and directing public attention to the executive’s goals
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In undertaking the campaign against the Taliban in 2001, George W. Bush
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sought and received congressional authorization for the bombing but not a declaration of war
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An executive order is
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a rule or regulation issued unilaterally by the president, with the status of a law
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The decline of voting and political participation by Americans has which of the following effects?
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It enhances the power of the president while weakening Congress
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When Congress delegates power to the executive branch, it
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substantially enhances the importance of the presidency
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The office of the presidency was established by ______ of the Constitution.
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Article II

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