Ch. 10 The Opening of America

question

Which of the following does NOT help account for the shift to factory production? (A growing, accessible market; The availability of investment capital and credit; The availability of workers)
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Inventions that gave the U.S. a head start over Europeans
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In its social impact, the national market economy did all of the following EXCEPT (reorganize society toward greater specialization; stimulate materialism; produce greater per capita wealth in American society)
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elevate the status of workers.
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Which of the following was NOT characteristic of the economic changes that swept most of America in the early nineteenth century? (Economic activity was increasingly becoming more specialized; Local economies became tied into regional and national markets; The social structure of the nation became more stratified)
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Subsistence agriculture was on the rise
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Americans seemed notably materialistic to foreign visitors, since _____________ became the most obvious symbol of social status.
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wealth
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The most profound economic development by mid-19c America was the
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rise of the factory
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Taken as a body of legal doctrine, the rulings of the Marshall Court
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enlarged federal power to an extraordinary degree
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The national market economy created a society that was more differentiated and specialized. That new condition, in turn, caused
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an increasingly unequal distribution of wealth in society, with those at the top controlling a greater share
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The major form of transportation in the West as the national market was emerging was the steamboat.
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true
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Which of the following is the most accurate concerning those individuals referred to as Mountain Men?
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The mountain man was, in his own way, as caught up in the national integrated economic network as the farmer
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Which of the following proved to be the breakthrough necessary to push cotton production to the center of the American agricultural stage?
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invention of the cotton gin
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For their work force, the textile factories at Lowell, MA before 1845 depended upon
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young women
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The Erie Canal effectively connected the _______________ and the _______________ and rapidly proved its worth in facilitating trade across New York and the Northeast.
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Great Lakes; Hudson River
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The accelerating growth of a national market was due in large measure to the fact that the cost of overland transportation dropped by 95% between 1825 and 1855.
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true
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In light of the \”opening of America\” resulting from the growth of the national market economy, many Americans found that social mobility was often harder to accomplish than geographical mobility.
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true
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One of the ways in which Congress stimulated the growth of the national market economy was by
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issuing protective tariffs to protect domestic markets
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The key component needed for the United States to have a truly national market economy was
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an efficient transportation system
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Mountain men were frequently integrally involved with the fur trade.
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true
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One of the factors contributing to the growth of urbanized life in America in the early 19th century was the arrival of immigrants.
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true
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The national market economy made Americans susceptible to the boom-and-bust cycle, as first became evident with the _____________, when world demand for cotton dropped.
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Panic of 1819
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American migration in the immediate post-War of 1812 period included a strong pattern of movement to the _______________.
answer

West
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The following pairs match inventions with their inventors. Which pair is incorrectly matched? (Robert Fulton — steamboat; James Watt — steam engine; Eli Whitney — cotton gin)
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Alexander Graham Bell–telegraph
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In the wake of the national market economy, which of the following became characteristic of Americans?
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the hunger for respect and recognition through the ability to make money
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Although they proved to ultimately be unsuccessful in the long-run, it was during the decade of the 1830s that American workers organized the first fledgling unions in the United States
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true
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The chapter introduction tells the story of clockmaker Chauncey Jerome to make the point that
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Jerome’s rise and fall were made possible by the opportunities offered in an expanding market economy that bound Americans together through ever more complex and specialized ways.
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A transportation network grew rapidly as investors poured capital into improvement projects, especially after the opening of the Buffalo Canal in New York State in 1825.
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False; Correct Answer: ERIE CANAL
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During the quarter-century after the War of 1812 ended, the most expansive force in the American economy was
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cotton production
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What conflict in values emerged as America went through its market revolution?
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although Americans professed to believe in equality, the market revolution coupled with American materialistic pursuits led to great inequalities in wealth.
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A post-War of 1812 program of economic centralization, designed to promote internal economic development, was pushed by a group of aggressive young Republican nationalists. Which of the following did this program NOT include? (A protective tariff; Federal subsidies for public works projects; A national bank)
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Funding the war debt
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A breakthrough in communications technology for businesses especially was the introduction of the telegraph.
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true
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What rail and steam engines did for transportation, the _____________ did for communication.
answer

telegraph

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