Ch 1 Forensic Science and The Law
Forensic science is the application to
both criminal and civil laws
The fictional character of Sherlock Holmes was created by?
Who is known as the “father of forensic toxicology”?
Who developed the system known as anthropometry?
Who undertook the first definitive study of fingerprints as a method of personal identification?
Who devised a technique for determining the blood group of a dried bloodstain, which he applied to criminal investigations?
Who established the comparison microscope as the indispensable tool of the modern firearms examiner?
Who wrote the first treatise describing the application of science to the field of criminal investigation?
Who established the first workable crime laboratory?
Who postulated the exchange of evidence principle?
The oldest forensic laboratory in the United States is that of the:
Los Angeles Police Department
Approximately how many operating crime labs are there in the United States (federal, state, and country)?
Which entity maintains the largest crime laboratory in the world?
Which could not be included in the work of the biology unit of a crime lab?
Which unit has the responsibility for the examination of body fluids and organs for the presence of drugs and poisons?
The concept of “general acceptance” of scientific evidence relates to the:
In the case of Daubert v. Merrel Dow Pharmaceutical, Inc., the U.S. Supreme Court advocated that a “gatekeeper” determine the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence. This gatekeeper is the:
An expert witness must NOT be able to demonstrate:
formal degree in forensic science
The final evaluator of forensic evidence is the:
What is the LEAST important consideration in the gathering of evidence at a crime scene?
guilt of the suspect(s)
Which matter is NOT the province of civil litigation? The determination of competency to:
stand trial for burglary
Bite marks would be LEAST likely to be found in cases involving:
Forensic ontology refers to the study of:
What service is typically provided to law enforcement by crime labs?
What individual was not an earlier contributor to the field of forensic toxicology?
The scientific method requires that scientific evidence be validated by:
questions, hypothesis, experiments
Thew ten sections of The American Academy of Forensic Science include:
general, toxicology, criminalistics, jurisprudence
The tendency of the public to believe that every crime with yield forensic evidence and their unrealistic expectations that a prosecutor’s case should always be bolstered and supported by forensic evidence is known as:
The scientific method
What is the major problem facing the forensic DNA community?
backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples
The wide variation in which services are offered in different crime labs is due to:
variations in local laws and budgetary and staffing limitations
The _____ unit applies principles and techniques of chemistry, physics, and geology to the identification and comparison of crime-scene evidence.
Which specialized are of forensic science examines the relationship between human behavior and legal proceedings?
A crime scene which involved the collapse of a structure would be analyzed by specialists in the area of:
What factor(s) do(es) the court usually take into consideration as sufficient grounds for qualification as an expert witness?
experience, training, education
Specially trained personnel called ____ are employed by some crime labs on 24-hour call to retrieve evidence and have all the proper tools and supplies for proper collection and packaging of evidence at their disposal.