Define Safe Haven
Location that can accommodate and will accept the save mooring of the vessel and has available a means of communication, normally a telephone
Typically, who signs small boat waivers?
Chief of Response or SMC
Define heavy weather parameters, and approval authority to set heavy weather.
8ft seas/30kt winds
What does the “S” stand for in PMC-S?
S for Supply, Partially Mission Capable – Supply
What is the reference for all things MARSEC?
Maritime Security Response Operations Manual (MSRO), COMDTINST M16600.6
Threshold for passenger vessels before they require an inspection.
7 or more passengers, a COI is required
Form A and Form B are short for what standard form? What are they?
CG-5437B. Form A is issued for ever inspection, Form B’s are for when discrepancies are found.
Approval authority for Regulated Navigation Areas
What is the MSRAM?
Maritime Security Risk Analysis Model. It is a risk tool designed to facilitate vulnerability assessment and risk analysis as it relates to terror attacks.
48 Hours, except Big stone
NOA requirements (Initial/Update)
96 hours, or 24 prior to departure if transit is less than 24 hours.
Changes must be submitted 24 hours prior to arrival if voyage remaining is < 96 hours, 12 hours if voyage is > 24 hours.
What are the 6 “hats” that the Sector Commander wears? What is the reference?
COTP – Captain of the Port
FMSC – Federal Maritime Security Coordinator
OCMI – Officer in Charge Marine Inspection
SMC – Search and Rescue Coordinator
FOSC – Federal On Scene Coordinator
Alcohol and drug testing must be conducted following what level of marine casualty and higher? What are the associated time frames?
Serious Marine Casualty. 2hrs for alcohol, 32hrs for drug.
What is CIC? Reference?
Critical Incident Communications
What document is needed by WWM for dead ship tow authorization? How long does it typically take to process?
Survey Report. 7 days.
What is an ICS-201?
Incident Briefing Form for the ICS structure. Needed before incident can be passed off to the IMT
External influences on the SAR system
Public Affairs & Legal
Spill sizes for inland and coastal
Minor > 1,000
Major < 10,000
Major < 100,000
Authority to terminate a commercial fishing vessel (Safety/Fish Vios)
Safety – Sector
Fisheries – District
7 items that would necessitate a LOD
Auto Radar Plotting Aid (ARPA)
Echo Depth Sounder
Echo Depth Sounder Recorder
Inlets N to S
Beach Haven/Little Egg
3 common CG risk models and their uses
GAR- Assess risk
PEACE – ID hazards
STAAR – ID options/alternatives
What does PEACE stand for?
Planning, Event Complexity, Asset Selection, Communications, Environment
What does STAAR stand for?
Spread Out, Transfer, Avoid, Accept, Reduce
STA Cape May AOR boundaries
N – Great Egg
Bay – Liston Range, down around to Bowers Beach
STA Indian River AOR boundaries
N – Bowers Beach
S – DE/MD boarder
3 emergency phases
Uncertainty – Knowledge of situation, no resources needed yet
Alert – might need and asset, unsure of imminent danger
Distress – grave danger, resources needed
What is CISM
Critical Incident Stress Managment
For SAR, what does POC mean?
Probability of Containment, it’s the likelihood that the search object will be in some bounded area when the SRU’s will be on scene searching
What is NIMS? How many types (levels) are there?
National Incident Management System. Type 1 (most serous) thru Type 5 (least serious)
Define Internal Baseline
Shoreward from baseline (baseline being waterline at low tide)
What is a T boat?
Vessels that carry over 6 but less than 150 passengers
Masters License is required
What is a K boat?
Vessels that carry more than 149 passengers or more than 49 passengers on overnight voyages
Masters License is required
What is a H boat?
Vessels that exceed 100 Gross Registered Tons
Low tide line
Describe th CG use of force policy
Only use force that is reasonably necessary to gain compliance.
What is the “P” Manual?
USCG Incident Management Handbook, COMDTPUB P3120.17A
It’s used to assist CG personnel in the NIMS/ICS during events and operations
What is a 2692B?
Drug and alcohol testing form
STA Manasquan’s AOR boundaries
N – Longbranch
S – Rt 37 Bridge (Seaside Heights)
Naval Vessel Protective Zone
500 yd area surrounding vessel.
Slow bell when operating w/in zone, no one allowed w/in 100yd
What gives the CG it’s LE authority?
18 USC 89A
Instances where a SNO would be necessary
Boardings and searches
Seize & arrest
Warning shots/disabling fire
STA Barnegat AOR boundaries
N – Rt 37 Bridge (Seaside Heights)
S – Little Egg Inlet
What are the steps for vessel on vessel UOF?
Step 1: Command Presence – Proximity, Directions and Non-contact Maneuvers
Step 2: Warn – SNO Maybe – Warning Shots/Flashbangs
Step 3: Disrupt – Entangler, Fuel, Shouldering, Ramming (self defense)
Step 4: Disable – Disabling Fire M870/Copper Sabot/M240/M16
Define Contiguous Zone
band of water extending from the outer edge of the territorial sea to up to 24 nautical mile
Define Territorial Seas
extends up to 12 nautical miles from its baseline
Define Customs Zone
extends out 12 nautical miles from internal waters
Auxiliary assets patrolling on official orders can do what when coming across a disabled vessel?
Operational parameter-related waivers are signed by who?
Authority for Forcible Evacuation
What is a harmful quantitiy
territorial sea extends up to 12 nautical miles from its baseline
What is a HCPV?
High Capacity Passenger Vessel. A passenger vessel greater than 100 feet in length that is authorized to carry more than 500 passengers for hire.
What is FPCON? What are the levels?
Force Protection CONdition
NORMAL – Routine posture
ALPHA – General threat, can be maintained indefinetly
BRAVO – Increased/more predictable threat, maintainable for weeks
CHARLIE – Imminent threat/post attack, meant for short period
DELTA – immediate area effected
CG Hurricane Conditions
V – Seasonal
IV – Severe conditions w/in 72 hours
III – Severe conditions w/in 48 hours
II – Severe conditions w/in 24 hours
I – Severe conditions w/in 12 hours
Authority to terminate under Manifestly Unsafe conditions
Exclusive Economic Zone, baseline out to 200 nautical miles
Define Domestic (State) Waters
Baseline out to 3NM
4 boat casualty types
the movement of a search object through water caused by winds blowing against exposed surfaces
47′ MLB Max Offshore/Seas/Winds/Towing Capacity
STA Atlantic City AOR boundaries
N – Little Egg Inlet
S – Corsons Inlet
Define International Waters
outside of 12NM of any nation’s territorial seas
Manual that covers CG’s firefighting role
Marine Safety Manual
Probability of Detection, The probability that the search object will be detected; assuming it will be in an area during the
time the area is searched
Oil and Pollution Act of 1990
-Passed in the wake of the Exxon Valdez incident
-Set liability & limits on liability
-Set requirements for response plans
-Set up the OSLTF
Difference between lightering and bunkering
Lightering is defined as the process involving ship-to-ship transfer of oil cargo, Bunkering is the act or process of supplying a ship with fuel
What are the 2 “Funds”?
OSLTF – Oil
CERCLA (Superfund) – HAZMAT
Examples of a reportable marine casualty
Loss of propulsion
Loss of steering
Anything that effects a vessel’s seaworthiness
Injury requiring medical treatment beyond first aid
Damage < $25,000
Who can authorize extension of AUX orders?
CDO, with a back brief to DIRAUX
What are the 5 annexes of the ACP?
5 elements of a pollution case
Hazardous Substance (Sheen, Sludge, or Immulsion)
4 Marine Casualty Catigories
87′ Patrol Boat Max Seas/Towing Capacity
Operator of Uninspected Passenger Vessels (6 Pack)
45′ RB-M Max Offshore/Seas/Winds/Towing
Casualty Assistance Calls Officer – Assists the CO in speaking with NOK in CG related losses of life
25′ RB-S Max Offshore/Seas/Winds/Towing
Sexual Assault Response Coordinator
Federal Maritime Security Coordinator
Define SAR case classifications
Major – Losses, Saves, Unaccounted fors
Minor – Everything else (assists)
Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System
Federal On-Scene Coordinator
RB-S crew endurance:
> 4ft seas
< 4ft seas
> 4ft seas = 8 hours
< 4ft seas = n/a
RB-M crew endurance:
> 4ft seas
< 4ft seas
> 4ft seas = 10 hours
< 4ft seas = 8 hours
MLB crew endurance:
> 4ft seas
< 4ft seas
> 4ft seas = 10 hours
< 4ft seas = 8 hours
MISHAP reporting information found where?
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
MANUAL COMDTINST 5100.47
What is an FSO?
Facility Security Officer
Define Classification Society
a non-governmental organization that establishes and maintains technical standards for the construction and operation of ships and offshore structures.
What is our quarantine anchorage?
Difference between a “prior to departure” and a detention
Detention’s give you points
Cases Sector Commander can ACTSUS w/o concurrence
MAYDAY with unsearchable areas
VHF DSC w/o owner information or unsearchable
Flares with first light searches
Cases Sector Commander can ACTSUS w/ concurrence
Suspected false alert
VHF DSC w/ searchable area or owner information
MAYDAY w/ searchable area
Confirmed persons still missing
CG Use of Force Continum
Soft Control Techniques
Hard Control Techniques
When is a search reasonable?
If the search can be completed with 2 hours of on scene search
time by a surface vessel or one hour by aircraft, it is reasonable to conduct the search
Manual where FPCON information is found
CG Physical Security & Force Protection Manual, 5530.1C
What is a CG-835 used for?
Domestic vessel examinations
What is the 75/25 rule?
For Commercial Fishing Vessels – least 75% of unlicensed seaman must be US citizens or green card holders. Up to 25% can be any other type of alien.
What is the CG Policy for continuing searches throughout the night?
-Searches shall not be stopped solely due to darkness or limited visibility. A number of factors must be considered when planning the level of effort to apply to searching through the night and during periods of reduced visibility.
– For cases with known persons in the water search efforts shall continue overnight or throughout periods of reduced visibility except where prohibited due to crew fatigue, weather or other safety concerns.
Can you tell a coxswain to being CPR if they arrive on scene and belive person has no chance?
Not necessarly. What you can do is go over the CPR Protocal Flow Chart and advise them of CG policy.
Define Deadly Force
The amount of force that has a High probability of causing Death or Serious Bodily Injury.
What is an SNO (Statement of No Objection)?
An authorization given by Higher Authority to carry out an operational intent with a planned course of action.
When is an SNO required?
When Boarding, Searching, Seizing and Arresting:
1) A Foreign / Stateless vessel outside the Jurisdictional waters of the US.
2) A US vessel in foreign waters.
3) When the boarding of a vessel may have adverse impact on foreign relations.
What is Innocent Passage?
A Foreign Flagged vessel that has the right of Non Interference while engaged in Non Threatening Transit Inbound, Outbound or Up Bound in a Coastal Nations Territorial Seas.
What is Transit Passage?
Applies to Foreign Vessels and Aircraft in straits used for International Navigation.
What is Force Mejeure?
A Foreign vessel is forced into another countries waters because of distress, whether man made or natural causes, and is not subject to the Jurisdiction of the US for a time until the situation is remedied. (Weather Calms or Repairs are made) LE Team may go aboard to ascertain if the distress claim is legitimate.
What is Hot Pursuit?
When a foreign vessel commits a crime in US waters and attempts to flee, even after being ordered to heave to, and is continuously pursued.
What is Constructive Presence?
When a foreign vessel is sitting outside of US Jurisdiction but acting in concert with a vessel sitting inside US Jurisdiction that is actively breaking US Laws. (Also applies to Aircraft)
What does 14USC89 authorize the CG to do?
Search, Examine, Arrest, Seize, Inspect and Inquire.
What would a Surety Bond/Letter of Undertaking be used for?
If we feel they violated a law we can make them deposit the full fine or post a bond prior to adjudication to impose strong port state control for both compliance and penalty collection purposes.
Some examples of why CG might terminate a CFV
Fishing in EEZ w/o permit
Fishing in closed area
False catch reporting
Violating any permit condition
Handling large incidental catch
How do RADAR requirements for vessels differ when either above or below 10,000 gross tons?
All foreign flagged vessels must have one RADAR, but those heavier than 10,000 gross tons must have 2 indepentantly operating RADARs
What is ISPS?
International Ship and Port Facility Secuirty Code.
What are our deep draft anchorages?
Mantua Creek and Marcus Hook
Legal BAC limit for commercial and recreational boaters
Description of and reference for OCMI authority
33 CFR 1
– Inspection of vessels to determine compliance with the applicable laws, rules, and regulations
– Shipyard and factory inspections
– Investigation of marine casualties and accidents
– Licensing, certificating, shipment and discharge of seamen
-Investigating and initiating of action in cases of misconduct, negligence, or incompetence of merchant marine officers or seamen;
-Enforcement of vessel inspection, navigation, and seamen’s laws in general.
Reference for FMSC authority
Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002 established the position.
33 CFR 103.201 gives the Sector Commander authority
Reference for FOSC authority
33 CFR 153
What is a COFR?
Certificate of Financial Responsibility – A COFR is issued to vessel operators who have demonstrated their ability to pay for cleanup and damage costs up to the liability limits required by the Oil Pollution Act
How many regulated anchorages are in Sector Delaware Bay’s AOR? What is the reference?
Anchorage A and anchorages 1-16. Total 17 anchorages.
33 CFR 110.157
Upon initiating CIC, how long do you have to pass initial information? What else happens at this time?
5 minutes. Inital briefing is given and a Start TIme (or sit down time) and classification is established.
What is DRPA?
Delaware River Port Authority (DRPA) DRPA owns and operates the Benjamin Franklin, Walt Whitman, Commodore Barry, Betsy Ross bridges, and RiverLink Ferry
What is DRBA?
Delaware River Bay Authority (DRBA) operates the Delaware Memorial Bridge, the Cape May-Lewes Ferry, the Delaware City – Salem Ferry.
What does the Burlington County Bridge Commision Cover?
The Burlington County Bridge Commission maintains and operates the Tacony-Palmyra Bridge and Burlington-Bristol Bridge, as well as the Riverside-Delanco Bridge spanning the Rancocas Creek
What is a “Blue Dart” message?
“Blue Dart” message is a means to disseminate an imminent terrorist threat warning to assets that are being targeted for terrorist attack
Whats the difference between ICE and CBP
ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcment) is part of DHS, and they are the investigative arm on all matters relating to immigration and customs. CBP (Customs and Border Protection) are the border protectors, the enforcment branch of DHS on matters realting to immigration and customs.
What is an ISSC?
ISSC, or International Ship Security Certificat is the certification ensures that the security system and associated security equipment of the ship fully complies with ISPS Code/SOLAS regulations and is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the vessel is intended.
How long after initiating CIC can you expect a conference call? Who might be on said call?
30 minutes after incident time OR at predesignated Sit Down or Start time.
Unit CO, Sector Commander, Disctrict Commander, HQ representitives.
What is the policy for breaking off PWCS escorts for SAR? Where is it found?
– PWCS and SAR share equal mission priority.
– Assets escorts and enforcement shall only conduct emergent and immediate SAR near the security asset.
– Alternate assets are preferred responders to emergencies.
– Operational commanders must exercise caution, as diversionary methods are common tactics of adversaries. Security forces, by the nature of the risk-based
determination process, are protecting assets deemed critical to safety and security.
MSRO, Chapter 4 Secton E
What are the 4 phases of a pollution case
Primary Access/Initial Action
Explain Intervention vs. Detention regarding a CG PSC Inspection
Intervention is possible in situations where a
correction can be made on the spot whereas a
detention will have to be made when a violation
cannot be corrected on the spot.
What is COOP?
Continuity Of Operations Plan is a plan which provides the degree or state of being continuous in the conduct of functions, tasks, or duties necessary to accomplish an agency action or mission.
Within the context of MLE, jurisdiction is comprised of three elements:
1. Substantive law;
2. Vessel status/flag; and
PWCS includes three elements of maritime governance….
Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA),
Maritime Security and Response Operations, and the establishment and oversight of a
Maritime Security Regime
Authority to establish Safety Zone
Safety zones are established by the COTP or District Commander under the authority of PWSA,
33 U.S.C. 1225, as implemented by 33 CFR 165.20.
What is a Safety Zone
A safety zone is a water area, shore area, or water and shore area to which, for safety or environmental purposes, access is limited to authorized persons, vehicles, or vessels. It may be stationary and described by fixed limits or it may be described as a zone around a vessel in motion.
Expamles of enforcement authority granted to the COTP by 33 CFR 6
includes, but is not limited to,
– establish security zones
– issue orders
– inspect and search any vessel, waterfront facility, security zone, or person, article or thing thereon or therein
– place guards, and remove unauthorized persons, articles, and things there from if the COTP
– to safeguard ports, harbors, territories, or waters of the United States
Security Zone Establishment Authority
COTPs establish the requirement for fixed security zones to protect critical infrastructure in or adjacent to waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
The establishment of such security zones must be premised on valid legal authority under either the Magnuson Act, 50
U.S.C. 191, or the Ports and Waterways Safety Act, 33 U.S.C. 1226.
Can boarding officers conduct CG LE authority on shore?
Yes, in a limited capacity IF they are BO Ashore certified. MLEM Chapter 10.C.4.a.
What is MOTR?
MOTR (Maritime Operational Threat Response) is a network of integrated national-level maritime command centers, including the Coast Guard
Command Center, in order to achieve coordinated, unified, timely, and effective U.S. Government MOTR
planning and operational maritime command and control.
Deserter vs Absconder
Absconder – An inadmissible Crewmember who gains or attempts to gain illegal entry into the United States.
OPCON vs TACON
OPCON – The authority to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and
employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of law enforcement (LE) or military operations and joint training necessary to accomplish assigned missions. OPCON may be exercised at any echelon at or below the level of Area Commander, and can be delegated or transferred. OPCON, in and of itself, does not include authoritative direction for logistics, administration, discipline, internal organization, or training.
TACON – Command authority over assigned forces that is limited to direction and control of movements and maneuvers necessary to accomplish assigned missions or tasks. TACON may be exercised by commanders at any echelon below the Area Commander level.
What are the functions of the National Strike Force Corrdination Center?
The NSFCC provides support and standardization guidance to the Atlantic Strike Team (AST), Gulf Strike Team (GST) and Pacific Strike Team (PST). The NSFCC is also home to the Public Information Assist Team (PIAT) and oversees the maintenance of the OPA-90 mandated Response Resources Inventory (RRI), Oil Spill Removal Organization (OSRO) Classification Program, and National Maintenance Contract (NMC).
What are the functions of the National Strike Force/Strike Teams?
The National Strike Force (NSF) is the name for the collective of 3 Strike teams who provide highly trained, experienced personnel and specialized equipment to Coast Guard and other federal agencies to facilitate preparedness for and response to oil and hazardous substance pollution incidents in order to protect public health and the environment.
What is the PIAT?
The Public Information Assist Team provides unique, interagency crisis communication experience and technical expertise to help Incident Commanders and Federal On Scene Coordinators meet their objectives of truth and transparency of operations for the public.
What is the SCC?
Scientific Support Coordinators (SCC) are assigned by NOAA to assist the CG with
• Oil slick trajectory forecasting and monitoring
• Pollutant transport modeling
• Environmental chemistry
• Chemical hazard assessment
• Health and safety
• Information management
• Resources at risk
• Biological assessments
• Environmental tradeoffs of cleanup strategies
• Natural Resource Trustee Issues
What is an ERT?
The EPA’s Environmental Response Teams (ERT) are groups of EPA technical experts who provide around-the-clock assistance at the scene of hazardous substance releases, offering expertise in such areas as treatment, biology, chemistry, hydrology, geology, and engineering.
What is the SUPSALV?
The NAVY SUPERVISOR OF SALVAGE’s (SUPSALV) mission is to provide technical, operational, and emergency support to the Navy, DoD, and other Federal agencies, in the ocean engineering disciplines of marine salvage, pollution abatement, diving, diving system certification, and underwater ship husbandry. We prevent, respond to, and minimize the effects of catastrophes and other national emergencies.