Causes of the Civil War Study Guide – Davis

MANIFEST DESTINY
America wanted to expand from the east coast to the west coast. They had to decide if each new state was a free or slave state.

ABOLITIONIST
person who was against slavery

ELI WHITNEY
He created the cotton gin to quickly remove seeds from cotton, but it led to more slaves because the work was done quicker.

STEPHEN DOUGLAS
created the Kansas-Nebraska Act and ran for president as the Northern Democrat in the 186 election.

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
The right for people to vote on issues.

SECEDE
To break away; South Carolina seceded and formed the Confederacy.

ABRAHAM INCOLN
President during the Civil War, debated with Douglas, only Republican during the 1860 election

JOHN BROWN
Abolitionist extremist that killed others because he believed that his views on slavery are true.

DRED SCOTT
Slave who sued because his owner “freed” him when he died, lost the case, and was thrown back as a slave.

JOHN C. BRECKENRIDGE
Southerner who was the second Democrat running for president; he wanted slavery everywhere

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE
Abolitionist who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and because of her, many people became abolitionists.

3/5 COMPROMISE
3/5 of the slaves were counted when determining how many House of Representatives(determined by population) there were per state.

MISSOURI COMPROMISE

SLAVE STATES
Texas. Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia

COMPROMISE OF 1850 POSITIVE THINGS FOR FREE STATES
California was a free state, slave trade was banned in the capital(DC)

COMPROMISE OF 1850 POSITIVES THINGS FOR SLAVE STATES
Mexican Cession Territory is determined a free/slave state based on a vote by the people, the Fugitive Slave Act was established

DIVISIONS OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
The northern states were represented by Stephen Douglas, southern states were represented by John C. Breckenridge

KANSA-NEBRASKA ACT
Formed two new territories and those living in Kansas and Nebraska could vote to determine if the states were to be free or slave

BLEEDING KANSAS
Violence in Kansas formed because people did not approve of the results of the vote.

POTTOWATOMIE CREEK MASSACRE
John Brown killed people who supported slavery.

SLAVERY AS A CAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR
It was the main cause, and it caused the US to divide because of their views.

WESTWARD EXPANSION AS A CAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR
The division of the country was hard to keep both sides equal when a new state was added.

REGIONAL ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH AS A CAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR
The North was more industrialized and the southern states were more agricultural. The South had longer growing seasons than the North.

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