Carl Rogers Test Questions

question
rogers contributions: a system of thought in which human interests and values are of primary importance
answer
humanistic psychology
question
rogers contributions: -theory developed from therapeutic approach, ________ therapy -person direct change; therapist facilitates -emphasis on the ____ and _____ - a single, inborn overriding motivation to actualize (develop our abilities and tendencies to become a fully functioning person)
answer
person-centered conscious & present
question
rogers parents were ____, _____ and forced their moral view, suppression of emotional displays, and the virtue of hard work on him
answer
strict & religious
question
these two things depended on rogers view of the world and he lived a ____ life and was fascinated with science
answer
solitude & reading rural
question
-rogers studied ____ at the University of Wisconsin for one year then switched majors - swung to ___ views which was stressful
answer
agriculture liberal
question
-rogers original studies were ___ then child study on ____ children -he worked to bring ____ psych to the mainstream, his inability to help clients led to stress, illness and seclusion but he had clinical experience with college students which distinguished his career
answer
ministry underprivileged clinical
question
surprised/dismissive that self-insight is a more powerful predictor than family environment; later accepted
answer
the self & tendency toward actualization
question
basic human motivation to actualize, maintain, and enhance the self; not automatic or effortless (process involved difficult growth)
answer
actualization tendency
question
process of judging based on value for actualization and growth
answer
organismic valuing process
question
this of an individual provides the frame of reference or context that influences growth
answer
experiential world
question
only reliable reality is our subjective experience and inner perception of reality -our experiences become the only basis of our judgements and behaviors
answer
phenomonology
question
acceptance, love and approval from others (universal and persistent need)
answer
positive regard
question
approval regardless of ones behavior
answer
unconditional positive regard
question
condition under which we grant ourselves acceptance and approval
answer
positive self-regard
question
only worth of approval for desirable behaviors and attitudes (similar to freuds superego)
answer
conditions of worth
question
approval, acceptance only when person exhibits desirable behaviors (this means that sometimes children will avoid behaviors that otherwise might be personally satisfying)
answer
conditional positive regard
question
discrepancy between self-concept and experience
answer
incongruence
question
compatibility between self-concept and experiences
answer
psychological adjustment
question
desired result of psychological development (aware of all experience, live richly & fully in ever moment, trust in own organism, feel free to make choices, are creative & live constructively, may face difficulties)
answer
fully functioning person
question
questions about human nature: -focus on ___ __ and ___ - ____ influences -childhood has some impact, but later experiences have more impact -opportunity for uniqueness -____ : people are able to improve themselves - experience world openly; ___ outlook
answer
free choice & present environmental optimistic progressive
question
approach to therapy in which the client is assumed to be responsible for changing; focus on subjective experience
answer
person-centered therapy
question
group therapy for learning about feelings and relating to one another (others developed tests of experience)
answer
encounter groups
question
research on rogers theory: - first to ___ therapy sessions for research - ___ technique: self-report technique for assessing self-concept - discrepancy between perceived self and ideal self decreases with therapy - parent use of conditional regard - more ___ problems - ___ defense shown by poorly adjusted people
answer
film q-sort child perceptual
question
research on rogers theory: parents who use unconditional positive regard -children with higher self-esteem and ___ ___ and adolescents more confident and ____
answer
emotional security hopeful
question
research on rogers theory: -some evidence for ___ ___ process, positive self regard more prevalent in individualistic cultures than collectivist -person with great discrepancy between ______ selves rated by others as awkward, confused and unfriendly
answer
organismic valuing perceived/ideal
question
reflections on rogers theory: -lack of ___ of mechanisms -criticized for influences outside of persons perspectives -________ therapy became popular; highly accessible -core concepts accepted by other orientations -emphasis on ______ widely recognized
answer
clarification person-centered self-concept
question
rogers believed personality is influenced primarily by
answer
conscious rational factors
question
we can see origins of Rogers personality in his childhood experience of
answer
living by someone elses view of the world rather than his own
question
rogers clinical experience while in academia was mostly with
answer
young intelligence, highly verbal college students
question
rogers research on delinquent children showed that
answer
self-insight was the best predictor of later behavior
question
rogers believed that the tendency to actualize is
answer
innate
question
the purpose of what rogers called the organismic valuing process is to
answer
evaluate life experiences by how well they serve actualization
question
according to rogers, the way we see our environment is
answer
highly subjective
question
rogers believed that the experiential world is
answer
unique to each individual
question
rogers term for the acceptance we need from others is
answer
positive regard
question
according to rogers, unconditional positive regard
answer
is not dependent on the childs behavior
question
the old warning, "of course mommy loves you...when you're good!" is an example of
answer
conditional positive
question
once infants develop conditions of worth, they
answer
must avoid certain behaviors
question
what is not a characteristic of the fully functioning person
answer
unconditional positive regard
question
which term best characterizes the self-actualizing person
answer
enriched
question
rogers believed that childhood experiences are
answer
less important than later experiences
question
in rogers approach to therapy, the therapist provides
answer
unconditional positive regard
question
what method did rogers use to assess personality?
answer
clinical interviews
question
the technique in which a person arranges statements about the self-concept into categories is called
answer
q-short
question
why are so many people unhappy? rogers says it is because
answer
we have both a real self and an ideal self, and they are often in conflict
question
rogers believed our rational beings are ruled by a ___ perception of our selves and our experiential world
answer
conscious
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question
rogers contributions: a system of thought in which human interests and values are of primary importance
answer
humanistic psychology
question
rogers contributions: -theory developed from therapeutic approach, ________ therapy -person direct change; therapist facilitates -emphasis on the ____ and _____ - a single, inborn overriding motivation to actualize (develop our abilities and tendencies to become a fully functioning person)
answer
person-centered conscious & present
question
rogers parents were ____, _____ and forced their moral view, suppression of emotional displays, and the virtue of hard work on him
answer
strict & religious
question
these two things depended on rogers view of the world and he lived a ____ life and was fascinated with science
answer
solitude & reading rural
question
-rogers studied ____ at the University of Wisconsin for one year then switched majors - swung to ___ views which was stressful
answer
agriculture liberal
question
-rogers original studies were ___ then child study on ____ children -he worked to bring ____ psych to the mainstream, his inability to help clients led to stress, illness and seclusion but he had clinical experience with college students which distinguished his career
answer
ministry underprivileged clinical
question
surprised/dismissive that self-insight is a more powerful predictor than family environment; later accepted
answer
the self & tendency toward actualization
question
basic human motivation to actualize, maintain, and enhance the self; not automatic or effortless (process involved difficult growth)
answer
actualization tendency
question
process of judging based on value for actualization and growth
answer
organismic valuing process
question
this of an individual provides the frame of reference or context that influences growth
answer
experiential world
question
only reliable reality is our subjective experience and inner perception of reality -our experiences become the only basis of our judgements and behaviors
answer
phenomonology
question
acceptance, love and approval from others (universal and persistent need)
answer
positive regard
question
approval regardless of ones behavior
answer
unconditional positive regard
question
condition under which we grant ourselves acceptance and approval
answer
positive self-regard
question
only worth of approval for desirable behaviors and attitudes (similar to freuds superego)
answer
conditions of worth
question
approval, acceptance only when person exhibits desirable behaviors (this means that sometimes children will avoid behaviors that otherwise might be personally satisfying)
answer
conditional positive regard
question
discrepancy between self-concept and experience
answer
incongruence
question
compatibility between self-concept and experiences
answer
psychological adjustment
question
desired result of psychological development (aware of all experience, live richly & fully in ever moment, trust in own organism, feel free to make choices, are creative & live constructively, may face difficulties)
answer
fully functioning person
question
questions about human nature: -focus on ___ __ and ___ - ____ influences -childhood has some impact, but later experiences have more impact -opportunity for uniqueness -____ : people are able to improve themselves - experience world openly; ___ outlook
answer
free choice & present environmental optimistic progressive
question
approach to therapy in which the client is assumed to be responsible for changing; focus on subjective experience
answer
person-centered therapy
question
group therapy for learning about feelings and relating to one another (others developed tests of experience)
answer
encounter groups
question
research on rogers theory: - first to ___ therapy sessions for research - ___ technique: self-report technique for assessing self-concept - discrepancy between perceived self and ideal self decreases with therapy - parent use of conditional regard - more ___ problems - ___ defense shown by poorly adjusted people
answer
film q-sort child perceptual
question
research on rogers theory: parents who use unconditional positive regard -children with higher self-esteem and ___ ___ and adolescents more confident and ____
answer
emotional security hopeful
question
research on rogers theory: -some evidence for ___ ___ process, positive self regard more prevalent in individualistic cultures than collectivist -person with great discrepancy between ______ selves rated by others as awkward, confused and unfriendly
answer
organismic valuing perceived/ideal
question
reflections on rogers theory: -lack of ___ of mechanisms -criticized for influences outside of persons perspectives -________ therapy became popular; highly accessible -core concepts accepted by other orientations -emphasis on ______ widely recognized
answer
clarification person-centered self-concept
question
rogers believed personality is influenced primarily by
answer
conscious rational factors
question
we can see origins of Rogers personality in his childhood experience of
answer
living by someone elses view of the world rather than his own
question
rogers clinical experience while in academia was mostly with
answer
young intelligence, highly verbal college students
question
rogers research on delinquent children showed that
answer
self-insight was the best predictor of later behavior
question
rogers believed that the tendency to actualize is
answer
innate
question
the purpose of what rogers called the organismic valuing process is to
answer
evaluate life experiences by how well they serve actualization
question
according to rogers, the way we see our environment is
answer
highly subjective
question
rogers believed that the experiential world is
answer
unique to each individual
question
rogers term for the acceptance we need from others is
answer
positive regard
question
according to rogers, unconditional positive regard
answer
is not dependent on the childs behavior
question
the old warning, "of course mommy loves you...when you're good!" is an example of
answer
conditional positive
question
once infants develop conditions of worth, they
answer
must avoid certain behaviors
question
what is not a characteristic of the fully functioning person
answer
unconditional positive regard
question
which term best characterizes the self-actualizing person
answer
enriched
question
rogers believed that childhood experiences are
answer
less important than later experiences
question
in rogers approach to therapy, the therapist provides
answer
unconditional positive regard
question
what method did rogers use to assess personality?
answer
clinical interviews
question
the technique in which a person arranges statements about the self-concept into categories is called
answer
q-short
question
why are so many people unhappy? rogers says it is because
answer
we have both a real self and an ideal self, and they are often in conflict
question
rogers believed our rational beings are ruled by a ___ perception of our selves and our experiential world
answer
conscious