Butyl isovalerate C9H18O2 structure

C9H18O2 structure
Molecular Formula C9H18O2
Average mass 158.238 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 176.5±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 59.4±8.3 °C
Molar Refractivity 45.5±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 27.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 181.0±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1019 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_5514, replib_228822
      1035 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1021 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1029 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1039 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1043 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1045 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1030 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 281, 1983, 299-303., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Srisukh, D., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XV. Molecular retention indices of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 45-52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1028 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d’esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.2 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 55(8), 1983, 1331-1335, In original 1331-1335.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1008 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 55(8), 1983, 1331-1335, In original 1331-1335.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1264 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1270 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1278 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1303 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 325, 1985, 61-73.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1246 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d’esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1021 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1030.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Joulain, D.; Casazza, A.; Laurent, R.; Portier, D.; Guillamon, N.; Pandya, R.; Le, M.; Viljoen, A., Volatile flavor constituents of fruits from Southern Africa: mobola plum (Parinari curatellifolia), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2322-2325.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1038 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1042 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1028 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1029 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1048 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 75-82., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1047 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 85, 2004, 195-197., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 25-30.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1010 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.; Maia, J.G.S.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D., Chemical variation in the essential oils of Hyptis crenata Pohl ex Benth., Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 5-8.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1259 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C (10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tosun, A.; Kurkcuoglu, M.; Dogan, E.; Duman, H.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oil composition of Seseli petraeum M. Bieb. and Seseli andronakii Woron. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 257-259., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) => 1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tunalier, Z.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of essential oils from various parts of Juniperus foetidissima, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 38(1), 2002, 43-47, In original 35-38., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min)=>4C/min =>220C(10min)=>1C/min=>240C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Seseli tortuosum L. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 159-161., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suleimenov, E.M.; Atazharova, G.A.; Demirchi, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Adekenov, S.M., Essential oil composition of Artemisia Lercheana and A. Sieversiana of Kazakhstan flora, in Recent problems of development of new medicines of natural origin, Proceedings of symposium, St.Petersburg – Pushkin, 2003, 382-385.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1242 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1295 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1263-1265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1252 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ha, J.K.; Lindsay, R.C., Mass spectra of butyl esters of volatile branched-chain and other fatty acids occurring in milkfat and meat lipids, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2, 1989, 118-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1044 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 205 C; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A.P., A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 10(6), 1983, 377-381.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1048 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109193; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1271 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 K/min -> 220 0C ^ 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min); CAS no: 109193; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Free and bound flavour components of Amazonian fruits: 2. cupuacu volatile compounds, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 251-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 176.5±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1.1±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 41.3±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 59.4±8.3 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.417
Molar Refractivity: 45.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.18
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.91
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 96.32
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 915.32
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.91
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 96.32
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 915.32
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 27.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 181.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 3.25

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 178.41 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): -32.06 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 1.04 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 117.8
 log Kow used: 3.25 (estimated)
 no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 242.04 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 9.60E-004 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 1.07E-003 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 1.838E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 3.25 (KowWin est)
 Log Kaw used: -1.406 (HenryWin est)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 4.656
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.9548
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9988
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 3.2880 (days-weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 4.1175 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.7333
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.8889
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.3896
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 126 Pa (0.947 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 4.656
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 2.38E-008 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 1.11E-008 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 8.58E-007 
 Mackay model : 1.9E-006 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 8.89E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 7.6442 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 1.399 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 16.791 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.38E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 114.9
 Log Koc: 2.060 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C : 1.430E-002 L/mol-sec
 Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 1.536 years 
 Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 15.360 years 

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.800 (BCF = 63.03)
 log Kow used: 3.25 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 0.00107 atm-m3/mole (estimated by Group SAR Method)
 Half-Life from Model River: 1.972 hours
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 127 hours (5.291 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 35.80 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.11 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 7.06 percent
 Total to Air: 28.63 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 6.48 33.6 1000 
 Water 21.8 208 1000 
 Soil 71.3 416 1000 
 Sediment 0.419 1.87e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 243 hr




 

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