BLAW 231

True or False? Law is a body of enforceable rules governing relationships among individiuals and between individuals and their society.
True
True or False? Legal positivisits believ that law should reflect universal, moral and ethical prinicples that are part of human nature
False; natural law tradition
True or False? The doctrine of stare decisis obligates judges to follow precendents established in their jurisdictions.
True
True or False? Common law develops from rules of law announced in court decisions.
False; The U.S. Constitution takes precedence over any conflicting federal or state statute, local ordinace, administrative rule, or court decision.
True or False? Statutory law is legislation.
True
True or False? A federal statute takes precedence over the U.S Constitution.
False; The U.S. Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land
True or False? Congress enacted the Uniform Commercial Code for adoption by the states.
False; The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws
True or False? Criminal Law covers disputes between persons, and between persons and their governments.
False; Civil Law
True or False? In most states, the same courts can grant legal or equitable remedies.
True
True or False? A citation includes the name of the judge who decided the case?
False
True or False? Ethics is the study of what constitutes right and wrong behavior.
True
True or False? A background in business ethics is as important as knowledge of specific laws.
True
True or False? The minimal acceptable standard for ethical behavior is compliance with the law.
True
True or False? According to utilitarianism, it does not matter how many people benefit from an act.
False; Utilitarianism is premised on acting so as to do the greatest good for the greatest amount of people.
True or False? The best course towards accomplishing legal and ethical behavior is to act responsibly and in good faith.
True
True or False? The ethics of a particular act is always clear.q
False
True or False? To foster ethical behavior among employees, managers should apply ethical standards to which they are committed.
True
True or False? If an act is legal, it is ethical.
False; it may be unethical but not illegal
True or False? The roles that women play in other countries can present ethical problems for US firms doing business internationally.
True
True or False? Bribery of public officials is only an ethical issue.
False; it is also a legal issue
True or False? Under a long arm statute, a state court can obtain jurisdiction over an out-of-state defendant.
True
True or False? Doing substantial business in a jurisdiction over the Internet can be enough to support a court’s jurisdiction over an out-of-state defendant.
True
True or False? The United States Supreme Court is the final authority for any case decided by a state court.
False; Supreme Court can only overrule those state court decisions that involve questions of federal law.
True or False? Suits involving federal questions originate in federal district courts.
True
True or False? An answer may admit or deny the allegations in a complaint.
True
True or False? A motion for summary judgment may be supported by sworn statements and other materials.
True
True or False? Only a losing party may appeal to a higher court.
False
True or False? Most lawsuits go to trial.
False
True or False? In mediation, a mediator makes a decision on the matter in dispute.
False; a mediator just assists the parties in reaching an agreement
True or False? Most states do not enforce arbitration clauses.
False
True or False? A federal form of government is one in which a central authority holds all power.
False; the seperate states form a union and divide the power.
True or False? The president can hold acts of Congress and of the courts unconstitutional.
False; the president does not have that power.
True or False? Congress can regulate any activity that substantially affects commerce.
True
True or False? A state law that substantially impinges on interstate commerce is unconstitutional.
True
True or False? When there is a direct conflict between a federal law and a state law, the federal law is invalid.
False
True or False? Some constitutional protections apply to businesses.
True
True or False? The Bill of Rights protects against various types of interference by the federal government only.
False
True or False? Any restriction on commercial speech is unconstitutional .
False
True or False? Due process and equal protection are different terms for the same thing.
False; Due process relates to the limits that the law places on the liberty of everyone. Equal protection relates to the limits that the law places on only some people.
True or False? A right to privacy is not specifically gaurenteed in the U.S. Constitution.
True