BJU US History Chapter 4

Flashcard maker : Robert Carter
\”Elizabethan Settlement\”
Term applied to English parliamentary laws passed early in Elizabeth’s reign that required conformity to the Church of England and uniformity of church worship.
Puritans
Staunch protestants who agreed with the Anglican creed, but not the ceremonies and practices. They wanted to purify the church.
Low-church Anglicans
Agreed doctrinally with the Puritans, but saw the church’s ceremonies and structure \”problems\” as unimportant.
High-church Anglicans
Believed that the church’s practices, and notably the rule by bishops were divinely ordained.
Separatists
Believed the whole church was corrupt and wanted to have a separate, or different church. (Aka Pilgrims).
Episcopal Polity
An authority such as a monarch appoints bishops, who appoint lower officials to individual churches.
Presbyterian Polity
Members of the congregation elect their ruling elders.
Congregational Polity
Each congregation elected its own officers and each church remained independent of other churches
Congregationalists
What most Puritans in America eventually called themselves.
Half-Way Covenant
Formula devised by Puritan ministers in 1662 to offer partial church membership to people who had not experienced conversion
Salem Witch Trials
Resulted from the outbreak of witchcraft accusations upon several young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts in 1692
-Killing at least 20 people.
James Blair
Anglican missionary who helped found William and Mary College
Thomas Bray
Promoted missionary efforts for the colonies
Roger Williams
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism
Baptists
Through persecution, succeeded in establishing churches throughout the colonies
Quakers
A Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660
George Fox
English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends (Quakers 1624-1691)
Presbyterians
A member of a protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox
Francis Makemie
Father of American Presbyterianism
Dutch Reformed
It came into the New World with the settling of New Amsterdam, but not in great numbers.
Huguenots
French Protestants
German Reformed
Probably the most important of the Reformed bodies in colonial history, concentrated in one colony and preserved their identity
Lutherans
The religious community who followed Luther’s teachings.
Henry Muhlenberg
The father of American Lutheranism
Mennonites
Founded by Dutch leader Menno Simmons became descendants of Anabaptists and emphasized pacifism.
Amish
More conservative branch of Mennonites who practice a stricter church discipline
Pietism
Exaggerated or affected piety and religious zeal
Moravians
Persecuted followers of the teachings of preacher John Huss
Catechism
A summary of a denomination’s doctrine framed in question-and-answer form.
Bay Psalm Book
The first book published in America
John Elliot
A pastor in New England who learned the Algonquin Indians’ language and translated the entire Bible for them.
David Brainerd
Young missionary who gave his life to take the gospel to the Indians
David Zeisberger
Built gnadenhutten a town of christian indians
Great Awakening
A religious movement that became widespread in the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s
Theodore Frelinghuysen
Dutch Reformed pastor who helped start the Great Awakening
Gilbert Tennent
Chief Presbyterian revivalist in the middle colonies
New Lights
The \”New Lights\” were new religious movements formed during the Great Awakening and broke away from the congregational church in New England.
Old Lights
The \”Old Lights\” were the established congregational church.
Jonathan Edwards
American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
George Whitefield
Credited with starting the Great Awakening, also a leader of the \”New Lights.\”
Samuel Davies
Preacher for the southern colonies who fought for legal toleration of dissenters
Shubal Stearns
Baptist; established Sandy Creek Baptist Church in Randolph County NC
Samuel Doak
A preacher who built on the Great Awakening in the South. (An early proponent of the abolition of slavery).
Puritan Beliefs (Extra)
1. The authority of the Bible alone
2. Justification by faith alone
Church Polity (Extra)
System of government inside a church.
Puritan Decline (Extra)
The Puritans declined in religious fervor after the original settlers had died

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