BioMed Research

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A malignant cancer is in what stage of tumor development?
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invasive
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Mitchell is a dietician in a hospital. What would you expect to find Mitchell doing on the job?
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providing nutrition counseling for patients
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An advertisement in the newspaper asks for anyone over age 50 with chronic emphysema to participate in a new research study. Applicants must be willing to spend 5 days in the hospital, and will be paid $1000 for successful participation in the program. This is an example of:
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clinical research
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A non-animal method of applied research often involves the use of:
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computers
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An example of biomedical research involves:
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genetic diseases
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A new infectious disease emerges in Africa. What type of research will begin in America?
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basic research
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A patient is diagnosed with leukemia. Based on her age and characteristics of her disease, her physician recommends she be transferred to Duke Medical Center to take part in a research study for leukemia. This treatment would be classified a what type of research?
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clinical research
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What type of research usually occurs in the last stage of medical research?
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clinical research
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Applied research is MOST often conducted using:
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animals
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Researchers want to know the impact of specific study habits on test achievement in high school students. What type of research would be done?
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Clinical research
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Mice in a laboratory are being deprived of sleep as part of a research study. What kind of research is this?
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basic research
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A hospital invites participants with high blood pressure to take part in the study of a new medication. What kind of research is this?
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Clinical research
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What type of research provides the building blocks for other types of research?
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basic research
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A teacher assigns a student to write a research paper on Alzheimer’s disease. The research would be classified as what type of research?
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basic research
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During what phase of clinical trials for prescription drugs are healthy human volunteers first used?
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Phase 1
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An experimental drug for heart disease is currently in Phase I clinical trials. How long will it be before the drug is available to the public?
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11 years
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When humans are used in biomedical research studies, what is usually being tested?
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Drugs
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What is the BEST reason for using animals in biomedical research?
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animals provide the best surrogate for humans in the lab
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People with concerns about the use of animals in research should be aware that the use of animals:
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is governed by federal regulations
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Animals are often used in medical research because they:
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share the same structures as humans
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There are many advantages and limitations of in vitro studies. An example of a limitation is:
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cultures cannot tell us how a substance affects a complex animal system
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In vitro studies are critical to the study of what microorganism that can only grow in living cells?
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virus
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In vitro studies take place in a(an)n vitro studies take place in a(an):
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in a laboratory
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What does the term In vitro mean?
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in glass
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Chemical, mechanical, mathematical and computer simulations are effective research models but they CANNOT:
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replace laboratory testing
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Computer simulations are an effective research tool because they:
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increase speed and efficiency of existing data
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Insulin was first extracted from a cow’s pancreas and used to treat a 14 year old boy in 1922. Today, insulin is manufactured using genetic engineering techniques in which:
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bacteria are made to produce human insulin
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What antibiotic was discovered by Alexander Fleming?
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penicillin
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As a result of biomedical research on tooth decay, what element has been added to drinking water?
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flouride
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Dr. Albert Sabin worked on a polio vaccine that could be administered orally. The vaccine was made from:
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an attenuated virus
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In 1967, the World Health Organization launched a global campaign, the success of which has in effect, led to the eradication of:
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smallpox
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Biomedical research has had a profound impact on a childhood cancer that, in the 1950’s, killed every child diagnosed with it within 6 months. Now the survival rate is 75%. What type of cancer is it?
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leukemia
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What device revolutionized cardiac surgery when it was developed 40 years ago?
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heart-lung machine
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One of the benefits of biomedical research is the availability of vaccines, yet not all children under two receive the recommended vaccinations. Why?
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parents are not familiar with infectious diseases and so have become complacent about vaccinations
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Biomedical research has increased public awareness of the harmfulness of certain behaviors. The reduction of what behavior has decreased heart disease by more than 40%?
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cigarette smoking
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What is the advantage of new sugar monitoring equipment for diabetics?
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less blood is needed
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Margaret’s doctor suggests she is a candidate for gene therapy. What mostly likely is Margaret’s diagnosis?
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cancer
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What disorder is the most studied in biomedical research efforts?
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cancer

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