Biology Study Guide 10.2
is the branch of biology that studies how traits are inherited.
offspring result from parents that have different forms of alleles.
for certain traits.
states that every individual has two alleles when gametes are produced, each gamete receives one of these alleles.
Law of Segregation
states that genes for different traits are inherited independently of each other.
Law of Independent Assortment
An observed trait that makes the recessive form of a trait.
Trait that can be observed if the dominant trait is not present.
The allele combination an organism contains.
The way an organism looks and behaves.
An organism’s genotype when two alleles for a trait are the same.
An organism’s genotype when two alleles for a trait are different.
pairs, with pea plants.
A cross between plants that involves one characteristics is called a
Among the seeds of the offspring
Both males and females sex cells
from generation to generation.
to breed one plant with another.
Cross – Pollination
occurs when a male gamete fuses with a female in the same flower.
Self – Fertilization