Benzyl isovalerate C12H16O2 structure

C12H16O2 structure
Molecular Formula C12H16O2
Average mass 192.254 Da
Density 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 245.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 98.9±17.1 °C
Molar Refractivity 56.1±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 22.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 34.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 192.1±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      26-37 Alfa Aesar B24852
      36/38 Alfa Aesar B24852
      H315-H319 Alfa Aesar B24852
      P280-P305+P351+P338-P362-P321-P332+P313-P337+P313 Alfa Aesar B24852
      Warning Alfa Aesar B24852
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar B24852
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1394 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_234799, replib_8331
      1382 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Hartley, H.N.T.; Srisukh, D., Retention increments of aromatic esters, Chromatographia, 17(11), 1983, 589-596., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 472, 1989, 1-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1395 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 17-26.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1362 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Filippi, J.-J.; Lanfranchi, D.-A.; Prado, S.; Baldovini, N.; Meierhenrich, U.J., Composition, Enantiomeric Distribution, and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All. from Corsica, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 6308-6313.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1374 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 290 C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bos, R.; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Hendriks, H.; Smit, H.F.; Wikstrom, H.V.; Scheffer, J.J.C., Composition of the essential oil from roots and rhizomes of Valeriana wallichii DC, Flavour Fragr. J., 12, 1997, 123-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1364 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 0.1 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Lorenz, G.; Whitten, C.J.; Mackley, J.W., Volatile components of Acacia sp. blossoms, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1167-1170.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 25-30.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1394 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lo Presti, M.; Sciarrone, D.; Crupi, M.C.; Costa, R.; Ragusa, S.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., Evaliation of the volatile and chiral composition in Pistacia lentiscus L. essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 23, 2008, 249-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1399 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(1min) =>5C/min =>160C =>5C/min =>250C(3min); CAS no: 103388; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nivinskiene, O.; Butkiene, R.; Mockute, D., Chemical composition of seed (fruit) essential oils of Angelica archangelica L. growing wild in Lithuania, Chemija, 16(3-4), 2005, 51-54., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lo Presti, M.; Sciarrone, D.; Crupi, M.C.; Costa, R.; Ragusa, S.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., Evaliation of the volatile and chiral composition in Pistacia lentiscus L. essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 23, 2008, 249-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1902 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60(10min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suleimenov Y.M.; Atazhanova G.A.; Ozek T.; Demirci B.; Kulyyasov A.T.; Adekenov S.M.; Baser K.H.C., Essential oil composition of three species of Achillea from Kazakhstan, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 37, 2006, 447-450, In original 381-384., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 116-121., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) => 4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Erdemoglu, N.; Sener, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus baccata, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 39(2), 2003, 195-198, In original 147-149., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C (10min)=>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Erdurak, C.S.; Coskun, M.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oil of fruits and roots of Ferulago isaurica Pesmen and F. syriaca Boiss. (Umbelliferae) from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 118-121., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min)=>4C/min =>220C(10min)=>1C/min=>240C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Seseli tortuosum L. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 159-161., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suleimenov, E.M.; Atazharova, G.A.; Demirchi, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Adekenov, S.M., Essential oil composition of Artemisia Lercheana and A. Sieversiana of Kazakhstan flora, in Recent problems of development of new medicines of natural origin, Proceedings of symposium, St.Petersburg – Pushkin, 2003, 382-385.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1880 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1887.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 7 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: EC-WAX; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Raguso, R.A.; Levin, R.A.; Foose, S.E.; Holmberg, M.W.; McDade, L.A., Fragrance chemistry, nocturnal rhythms and pollination “syndromes” in Nicotiana, Phytochemistry, 63, 2003, 265-284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1895 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (10 min) ^ 10 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) ^ 1K/min -> 240 0C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Tabanca, N.; Ozek, T.; Goren, N., Composition of the essential oils of Tanacetum armenum (DC.) Schultz Bip., T. balsamita L., T. chiliophyllum (Fisch. & Mey.) Schultz Bip. var. chiliophyllum and T. haradjani (Rech. fil.) Grierson and the enantiomeric distribution of camphor and carvone, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 195-200., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Loughrin, J.H.; Hamilton-Kemp, T.R.; Andersen, R.A.; Hildebrand, D.F., Headspace compounds from flowers of Nicotiana tabacum and related species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 455-460.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1894 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Christoph, F., Chemische Zuzammensetzung und antimikrobielle Eigenschaften der atherischen Ole von Leptospermum scoparium J. R. et G. Forst. und anderer Teebaumole der Gattungen Kunzea, Leptospermum und Melaleuca unter besonderer Berucksichtigung von Handelsolen, Dissertation, University of Hamburg, Germany, 2001, 196.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1908 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (10 min) ^ 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) ^ 1 K/min -> 240 0C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Ozek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Prangos heyniae H. Duman et M. F. Watson, a new endemic from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 47-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1363 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Muselli, A.; Rossi, P.-G.; Desjobert, J.-M.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Berti, L.; Costa, J., Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Otanthus maritimus (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link essential oils from Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 217-223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1364 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sonboli, A.; Azizian, D.; Yousefzadi, M.; Kanani, M.R.; Mehrabian, A.R., Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Tetrataenium lasiopetalum (Apiaceae) from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 119-122.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1395 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Grujic-Jovanovic, S.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Marin, P.; Sokovic, M., Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of six Stachys species from Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 139-144.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1851 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Muselli, A.; Rossi, P.-G.; Desjobert, J.-M.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Berti, L.; Costa, J., Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Otanthus maritimus (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link essential oils from Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 217-223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1894 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>10C/min =>80C =>2C/min =>240C; CAS no: 103388; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 1272-1278.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 245.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 48.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 98.9±17.1 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.495
Molar Refractivity: 56.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.34
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.28
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 182.79
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1447.84
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.28
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 182.79
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1447.84
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 22.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 34.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 192.1±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 3.48
 Log Kow (Exper. database match) = 3.26
 Exper. Ref: Yang,HZ et al. (1987)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 258.98 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): 21.57 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 0.0355 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
 BP (exp database): 245 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 78.74
 log Kow used: 3.26 (expkow database)
 no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 44.104 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 3.31E-005 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 5.11E-006 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 1.141E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 3.26 (exp database)
 Log Kaw used: -2.869 (HenryWin est)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 6.129
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.9583
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9979
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 2.9365 (weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.8042 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.4689
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.5662
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.4426
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 4.59 Pa (0.0344 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 6.129
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 6.54E-007 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 3.3E-007 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 2.36E-005 
 Mackay model : 5.23E-005 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 2.64E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 9.4164 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 1.136 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 13.631 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 3.8E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 736.7
 Log Koc: 2.867 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C : 5.643E-002 L/mol-sec
 Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 142.162 days 
 Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 3.892 years 

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.810 (BCF = 64.6)
 log Kow used: 3.26 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 5.11E-006 atm-m3/mole (estimated by Group SAR Method)
 Half-Life from Model River: 160.3 hours (6.678 days)
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 1865 hours (77.7 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 8.87 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.15 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 8.46 percent
 Total to Air: 0.27 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 1.98 27.3 1000 
 Water 24.4 360 1000 
 Soil 73 720 1000 
 Sediment 0.669 3.24e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 472 hr




 

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