Benner’s stages of nurse proficiency

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Little background and limited practical skill
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Novice
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Relies on rules/expectations
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Novice
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Experiences difficulty establishing priorities
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Advanced beginner
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Marginally competent skills
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Advanced beginner
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Uses theory and principle
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Advanced beginner
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More organization
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Competent practitioner
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Can coordinate several tasks simultaneously
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Competent practitioner
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Feels competent
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Competent practitioner
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Plans and sets goals
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Competent practitioner
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Thinks abstractly/analytically
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Competent practitioner
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Focuses on long term goals
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Proficient practitioner
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Note subtle changes
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Proficient practitioner
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Sees patient holistically
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Proficient practitioner
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Sets priorities with ease
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Proficient practitioner
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Performs fluidly, naturally
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Expert practitioner
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Automatic functioning
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Expert practitioner
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Responses are integrated
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Expert practitioner

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