Behavior – Flashcard

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Reward, reprimand, trust, and consistency.
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The four essential aspects of successful training are…
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Instinct
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According to Charles Darwin, what biological mechanism allows members of the same species to respond appropriately to various conditions in the natural world?
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Habituation
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The process by which an animal becomes accustomed to its situation is referred to as…
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Positive reinforcement
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What do we call an immediate pleasant occurrence that follows a behavior?
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Fourteen weeks
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Until approximately what age does the sensitive period last among dogs?
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Breaking litter box training
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The most commonly reported behavior problem in cats is…
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Fear-induced
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The most common form of aggression seen in animal hospitals is…
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Startle
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The point of a reprimand is to _______ an animal.
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Food and praise
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What are considered the most effective types of reward?
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Neutering
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The most effective way to minimize spraying is…
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Unconditioned response
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Automatic, or simple reflex, behavior is commonly referred to as…
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Instrumental
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Learning through trial and error is often referred to as _______ learning.
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Fixed action patterns
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Early researchers often referred to the predictable behaviors displayed by a particular species as…
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Ethology
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Biologists and veterinary specialists refer to the study of animal behavior as…
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Conflict-related
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The aggression a dog shows when its owner tries to take its food bowl is called _______ aggression.
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Eight weeks
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In cats, the sensitive socialization period lasts until approximately _______ of age.
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Aversion therapy
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What behavior modification technique is used to keep an animal away from an object or area?
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Giving a behavioral exam
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What must first be done before treating an animal for a behavioral problem?
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Negative reinforcement
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What do we call the act of taking something away to increase a behavior?

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