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AWR-160-W WMD/Terrorism Awareness for Emergency Responders

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The definition of terrorism according to Title 18 United States Code (USC) is:
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Acts intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping
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Which of the following activities are indicators of potential terrorist activity?
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All of the above
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Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CIKR) are potential terrorist targets. CIKR might include:
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All of the above
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The Food and Agriculture sector has critical dependencies with which other Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CIKR) sectors?
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All of the above
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The RAIN concept is used by individuals to quickly gather and process information and to synthesize the information in order to facilitate life safety actions at an incident. The letter “I” in RAIN stands for:
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Isolate
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Which one of these government agencies establishes the nation’s overall transportation policies?
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Which one of these government agencies establishes the nation’s overall transportation policies?
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The Department of Transportation (DOT) hazard class 1 is colored:
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Orange
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Examples of clues that use the senses to indicate hazardous materials include:
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Fire or vapor clouds, A hissing sound, Visible corrosion
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Protective actions are “those steps taken to safeguard the health and safety of emergency responders and the public during an incident involving releases of dangerous goods” (DOT 2012, pg. 288). Protective actions are listed in the green- and ____________ -bordered pages of the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).
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Orange
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A container with round, hemispherical ends is considered dangerous because the contents are:
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Pressurized
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Shipping papers are required for all hazardous material shipments.
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True
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An area surrounding the incident in which persons may be exposed to dangerous and life-threatening concentrations of material is called the:
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Initial isolation zone
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There are four types of Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA). Of the four, which agent primarily attacks the lung tissue?
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Choking agent
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All of the following are advantages of using chemical agents for terrorist activities except:
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Deployment is hazardous to terrorists
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Which of the following locations that use chemicals are commonly found in many communities?
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All of the above
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TRACEM-P outlines potential hazards and mechanisms of injury at a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incident. The letter “T” stands for:
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Thermal
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Indicators of a possible Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) attack include all of the following except:
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Numerous terrorists
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In regard to control zones, the Incident Command Post (ICP) is located in the:
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Cold zone
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Vaccination is the most effective tool for:
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Viruses
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The disadvantages of using biological agents include all of the following except:
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Day or night
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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has three categories of biological agents. Of these categories, which one is considered the highest priority that could cause the highest risk to the public and national security?
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Category A
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Which of these is not a potential source in your community for biological agents?
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Auto manufacturing plants
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Abandoned spray devices and unscheduled and unusual spraying activities are potential indicators of a possible biological incident.
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True
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What is the most likely radiological device that a terrorist might use in a Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) incident?
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Dirty bomb
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The difference between a nuclear weapon detonation and a conventional explosion is:
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Fission
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Heavy containers, delayed effects, and hazards to terrorists are disadvantages of using radiological material for terrorist activity.
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True
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Potential sources of radioactive material can be located in:
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All of the above
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The concepts of time, distance, and shielding are important for protection from:
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Radiation
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Indicators of a possible radiological incident include:
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Container may display a radiation symbol
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Electrically initiated Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) generally consist of four components. Which acronym is used to identify the four components of an IED?
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PIES
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Additional explosive devices (also called secondary devices) are sometimes used specifically to target emergency responders.
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True
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Some potential sources of explosives in your community include all of the following except:
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Elementary schools
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If you see a person wearing clothes out of season, wearing loose clothing, carrying heavy luggage/backpack, and walking with a purpose but not running that person might be carrying a:
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Suicide IED
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Protective actions for explosive devices include all of the following except:
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Stay on the ground in a prone position
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Trained responders will assess a post-blast site before entering the area. They will look for structural hazards such as:
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Glass, concrete and steel fragments, and collapse hazards
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The yellow section of the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) contains the alphabetical listing of products. True or False?
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False
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A container with rounded ends and constructed of heavy gauge metal usually indicates:
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Contents Under Pressure
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The bill of lading is normally found in the:
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Cab of the truck
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Referring to the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG), what is the United Nations Identification (UN ID) number for the chemical agent lewisite?
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2810
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The human sense of smell may detect odors that may indicate hazardous materials; however, if a person is close enough to smell a substance there is a risk of inhalation and respiratory injury. True or False?
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True
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The shipping paper used in rail transportation is called a:
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Consist or waybill
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Which are the correct three methods for determining the appropriate guide pages in the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)?
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United Nations/North American (UN/NA) Identification (ID) number, the name of the material, or a placard
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Placards are diamond-shaped markings that appear on both ends and each side of a container. They are approximately a:
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10-inch diamond
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Recommended initial isolation and protective action zones are represented graphically by using geometric shapes. What is the shape of the initial isolation zone?
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Circle
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The type of shipping paper used in highway transportation is called a:
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Bill of lading
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Hazardous materials are classified using the United Nations Identification (UN ID) numbering system. The UN ID numbers are _____ digits long.
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4
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The Department of Transportation (DOT) hazard class 1 is colored:
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Orange
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The format and design of pipeline marker signs may vary but should include a warning sign, the product being transported within, the operator’s name, and:
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An emergency phone number
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Chemical agents have four routes of entry into the body. They are inhalation, ingestion, absorption, and:
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Injection
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Disadvantages of using chemical agents for terrorist activities include all of the following except:
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Difficult to acquire
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To prevent the spread of chemical agents, individuals should use control zones at a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incident based on safety and the degree of hazard. The control zones are:
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Hot zone, warm zone, and cold zone
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Nerve agents, blister agents, blood agents, and choking agents are all:
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Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA)
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What Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) primarily attacks the airway and lungs, causing irritation of the entire airway from the nose to the lungs resulting in what is commonly known as dry-land drowning?
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Choking agent
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Which Toxic Industrial Chemical (TIC) agent can cause severe burns, coughing, nose and throat irritation, blindness, lung damage, and death?
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Anhydrous ammonia
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There are four types of Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA). Of the four, which agent causes skin burns and blisters?
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Blister agent
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), anthrax, plague, and smallpox are which category of biological agents?
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Category A
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Of the different routes of entry, what is the most deadly route for anthrax?
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Inhalation
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Viruses are a type of biological agent that needs a host to replicate and spread. An example of this biological agent is:
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Smallpox
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What type of incident involves the ease of spreading and the difficulty of detection?
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Biological
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The advantages of using biological agents for terrorist activities include all of the following except:
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Can only be applied in the daylight hours
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Abandoned spray devices and unscheduled and unusual spraying activities are potential indicators of a possible biological incident. True or False?
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True
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Toxins are non-living biological agents produced by living plants, animals, or bacteria. An example of a toxin is:
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Anthrax
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Indicators of a possible radiological incident include all of the following except:
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Microwaves
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The principles of __________, __________, and __________ are usually applied to radiological incidents but they also apply to chemical agents.
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Time; distance; shielding
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An atom is the smallest particle of an element that can exist either alone or in combination with another element. Only unstable atoms release excess energy in the form of rays and particles. True or False?
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True
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All of the following are potential sources of radioactive material except:
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Municipal swimming pools
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Nuclear weapons have a low probability of use and their size may be larger than a conventional explosive device. True or False?
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True
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Ionizing radiation consists of:
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All of the above
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Of the different types of radiation, which can travel hundreds of meters in open air and can penetrate most materials?
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Gamma particles
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Electrically initiated Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) generally consist of four components. Those components are represented by the acronym PIES, which stands for Power source, Initiator, _________, and Switch.
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Explosive
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Electrically initiated Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) generally consist of four components. Those components are represented by the acronym PIES, which stands for ________, Initiator, Explosive, and Switch.
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Power Source
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The indicators of a criminal/terrorist act involving explosives are:
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All of the above
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According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), checking for additional explosive devices should include all of the following steps except:
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Moving items that are in your way
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All of the following are types of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) except:
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Surface-to-air IED
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There are very few potential sources of explosives in a community.
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False
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The three categories of high explosives are:
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Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
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The four most common terrorist activities include gathering target intelligence, acquiring materials necessary for an attack, preparing materials, and:
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Executing the first steps of an attack
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The elements of a threat include surprise, means of attack, target of the attack, significant dates, and:
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Advanced knowledge of the community response
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When an incident is suspected of involving criminal or terrorist activity, awareness-level personnel/responders already on the scene of an incident should be able to recognize the presence of hazardous materials and do all of the following except:
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Neutralize the hazard
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Hazardous materials are regulated by several different government agencies. The five main federal agencies involved in hazardous materials regulation are the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA), Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and:
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Department of Transportation (DOT)
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How many hazard classes does the Department of Transportation (DOT) list?
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9
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Radioactive materials are in which Department of Transportation (DOT) hazard class?
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Class 7
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The human sense of smell may detect odors that may indicate hazardous materials; however, if a person is close enough to smell a substance there is a risk of inhalation and respiratory injury.
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True
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In the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG), there are two ways to identify material: United Nations ID number (yellow section) or the printed name of the material (blue section).
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True
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Labels are applied to individual Hazardous Materials (HazMat) packages. They are approximately a:
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4-inch diamond
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The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 fixed facility markings are ______-shaped signs.
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Diamond
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The shipping paper used in water transportation is called a:
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Dangerous cargo manifest
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The shipping paper found in air transportation is called a(n):
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Air bill
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Referring to the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG), which description best fits United Nations Identification (UN ID) number 1830?
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Corrosive
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The __________-colored section of the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) contains safety recommendations and emergency response information.
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Orange
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The area from which you evacuate the public is called the:
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Protective action zone
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The Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances provides specific guidance for:
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Toxic Inhalation Hazards (TIH) and dangerous water-reactive material that is not on fire
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There are four types of Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA). Which CWA prevents the blood from providing oxygen to tissue and the organs?
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Blood agent
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What is an example of a blood agent?
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Hydrogen cyanide
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TRACEM-P is an acronym used to outline potential hazards and mechanisms of injury at Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incidents. What does the “P” in TRACEM-P stand for?
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Psychological
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What type of biological agent is anthrax?
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Bacteria
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The effects of a biological attack may not be immediately visible at a scene. Which group would likely be the first to observe the indications of an attack?
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Health care workers and emergency communication operators
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What is not a possible indicator of a biological agent?
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An outbreak of psoriasis
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Individuals who receive large doses of radiation in a very short period of time may suffer from Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS), also known as:
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Radiation sickness
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Which radioactive materials container is used for transporting the highest levels of radioactive material?
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Type B package
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Indicators of a possible radiological incident include some of the following except:
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A pulsating sound
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The indicators of a criminal/terrorist act involving explosives include a(n):
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Suicide