Art Chapters 5,6,7,8

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The pyramids of Egypt are an example of art as a ______ activity.
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social
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artists such as Leonardo and Michelangelo were trained by the _____ method.
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apprentice
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Persia’s “kitab-khana” were ____ that made illuminated manuscripts
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libraries
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The first academy in Europe started in the ___ century
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15th
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Museums became common in ______ during the nineteenth century
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Europe
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two factors that influenced the growth and popularity of museums were: ________ and _______
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capitalism, colonialism
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an example of community artwork is the _______
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making of AIDS quilt
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one example of a museum dedicated only to modern art is the: ________
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Guggenheim (new)
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The iconoclasts were known as:_________
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image breakers
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art is kept by various cultures for the following reasons: ___, ___, ___.
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aesthetic, religious, political
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Leonardo felt that observation was central to ______ and art.
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science
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the view of an artist as a creative genius rather than a skilled worker began to form in Europe during the __________.
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renaissance
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the pyramids of ancient Egypt served the purposes of the ________.
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rulers
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the opposite of an artist working on a commission is an artist working on ____________
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speculation
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art created for the tourist market generally helps local art production to _______
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survive
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in medieval Europe, specialized societies called______ preserved technical information for artists and regulated art making.
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guilds
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_______ were one of the major art forms during the medieval period Europe.
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illustration
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______ is the first artist in recorded history and was associated with the concept of genius
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Iamhotep
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prehistoric artists painted images in the ___ of caves
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back
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Australian Aboriginals painted “contour maps” indication food and water locations out of sand; these maps were then ________ after a ritual celebration.
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destroyed
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Coe’s There is no Escape is from a series condemning the meat industry called _______.
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Porkopolis
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The ancient Chinese made ______ vessels for storing wine
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lings bronze
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as its name suggests, the ancient Greek ______ was used for carrying and storing water
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hydra
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The Pomo tribal baskets covered with feathers and shells were made as ceremonial _____
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gifts
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Warhol’s work such as Hienz 57 Tomato Ketchup celebrated the commercial art of ___________.
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Package industry
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salt was considered so valuable that it was a source of wealth; the European nobility used elaborate saltcellars as a ________.
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status symbols
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Jan Davidsz de Heem’s A Table of Dessert reflects cultural and _______ beliefs.
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religious
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Mu Qi’s Six Persimmons emphasizes _____________ in life.
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simplicity, meditation
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an important component of European still life painting was the idea of __________.
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food as vanitas
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In the early twentieth century, still life paintings were not concerned with ___________.
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food as sustinance
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Rituals meals include:
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Christmas, Thanksgiving, Easter, wedding , holidays
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The House of the Vettii had a front atrium with a pool, called the ______, for collecting rainwater
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impluvium
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examples of ancient communities in which homes were close together in the same style include Catal Huyuk and _________.
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Pueblo bonito
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Trajan’s Market has tabernas whose form ad arrangement suggests a _________
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market
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The architect _________, who designed one of the innovative tall buildings of the twentieth century, believed that “form follows function” in architecture
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Louis Sullivan
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The Venus of Willendorf is a statue of ______
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an anonymous pregnant woman
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The Idol from Amorgos is a statue of ______
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fertile young woman
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Figure of a Deity: A’a Rurutu from the Austral Islands in central Polynesia was an ancestor deity and represented a: _______
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creator in an act of creating
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The Bamana fertility figure from Mali is decorated with ______
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geometric lines
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The paintings in the Villa of Mysteries were done by the ______
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Romans
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The Primordial Couple of the Dogon represents _______
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the marriage ritual
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There are many symbols in Jan van Eyck’s The Wedding, including
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-the dog symbolizes fidelity -The chandelier has one lit candle signifying matrimony and the unity of marriage -The man uses his left hand to support but does not grasp the women’s hand. He holds his right hand up as if he is taking an oath -The removed shoes suggest sanctity
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The Japanese shunga prints are translated as ______
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spring pictures
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An odalisque was a member of ______
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harem
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Georgia O’Keeffe’s work are often extreme close ups of ______
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flowers
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In prehistoric times fertility was ______
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an important concern
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The Moche, the Maya and Alice Neel did versions of _______
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pregnant women
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Brancusi’s Torso of a Young Man is _____
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abstract
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Louise Bourgeois’ Blind Man’s Bluff is a sculpture of ______
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bulbous forms
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The ancient cities required ______ in order to function
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major rivers
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Images of deities _____,_____,_____
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-vary from culture to culture -can be male or female -some cultures didn’t allow them to be represented
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Most early deities represented ______
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female fertility goddesses
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The Snake Goddess is from _____
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crete
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From ancient Egypt came the convention of representing deities as _______
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partaking animal qualities
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The Hindu god Brahman can never be _______
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known
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The Buddhist concept of heaven or paradise is called ______
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Nirvana
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A Buddhist stupa, at first a mound tomb, was transformed into a relic _____
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of a buddha
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Later statues of Buddha emphasized _______
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serinity
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The nearest analogy to a Budhisattva would be ______
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saint
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When Christianity became the official state religion, Christ was shown as ____
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a king or ruler
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The special rituals of the Kwakiutl were ______
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held annually
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Mexican votive paintings were called ______
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Retablos
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Depictions of ritual sacrifice were shown in many cultures, including ______
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Christian and Meso American
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The Hopi make spirit dolls called ______
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kachinas
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A mandala is an attempt to show _______
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the cosmos
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The images of Michelangelo’s Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel present: _______
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the origin of the universe
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The Ziggurat of Ur is an _______
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artificial mountain
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Many religious structures from Stonehenge to the Pantheon, use ______ to convey their power
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geometry
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A journey to a special shrine is called a _______
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pilgramage
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The Parthenon frieze probably shows _______
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panathenaic festival
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The deities of ancient Egypt were mostly personifications of ______
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natural forces
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The Hindu god ______ is the unity in which all opposite meet — the source of good and evil, male and female
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Shiva

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