Army First Aid

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PV2 Bean was so tired that she tripped and fell on her way to chow. She broke her arm. You were there so you gave her buddy aid, including removing her class ring. Why was it necessary to remove the ring? Select the best answer.
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The finger could swell and cause the ring to interfere with blood circulation.
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Where do you apply a pressure dressing?
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On top of the field dressing.
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Of the following steps for splinting a fracture, which occurs first?
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Check the circulation of and dress any wounds at the site.
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Of the following “Evaluate a Casualty” steps, which occurs last?
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Check for bleeding.
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Of the following steps for splinting a fracture, which occurs last?
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Apply a sling and/or swathes.
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Which of the following is most likely to result in shock?
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Rapid and severe blood loss.
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Of the steps for applying a field dressing shown below, which one does NOT fit?
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Make sure to only touch the sterile (white) side of the field dressing.
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You are applying a sling for an arm fracture. Where do you position the hand of the fractured arm? Select the best answer.
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On the opposite shoulder
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Why is it important to establish the security of the site before evaluating the casualty? Select the best answer.
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The scene may not be safe, and you cannot help a casualty if you are injured.
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In the AVPU acronym for checking responsiveness, what does the A stand for?
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Is alert
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Below are some statements related to field dressings and pressure dressings. Which one is correct?
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Tie the knot for a pressure dressing over the wound.
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In the AVPU acronym for checking responsiveness, what does the P stand for?
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Responds to pain
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Which one of the following statements is true? Select the best answer.
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A tourniquet is to be tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.
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Which of the following is part of Checking the Circulation?
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Ask the casualty to describe the sensation of feeling in the limb.
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You are learning to throw a hand grenade. You’ve practiced with inert ordinance and it’s time to try the real thing! A fellow recruit gets off a bad lob and the grenade doesn’t travel as far as it should. You hear him yell, “Help! Help!” What do you do next?
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Be sure there are no more grenades being thrown and move cautiously toward the injured private.
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Steps of First Aid
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1. Establish security of the site 2. Form a general impression of the casualty 3. 4. Check for responsiveness 5. Position the casualty 6. Check for life-threatening injuries
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AFVP
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Alert Responds to voice Responds to pain Unresponsive
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You are doing a 4-mile platoon run at BCT, with your rucksack, in the summer heat. PVT Reed is next to you. When you last looked, he was sweating bullets. All of a sudden, he keels over. What should you do?
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Is he still alert? Tap him and ask, “PVT Reed, are you OK?”
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When you gently shake PVT Reed, the heat casualty, he doesn’t answer you and his eyes are still shut. You rub his breastbone briskly with a knuckle and he moves a little. What responsiveness category do you assign him?
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P
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Bleeding from where is especially worrisome?
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Belly
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SIHRIB
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Security, Impression, Help, Responsiveness, Injuries, Bleeding
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treating a casualty
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Apply a field dressing. Apply a pressure dressing. Apply a tourniquet. Prevent or control shock. Treat the burns.
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When applying a field dressing to a casualty’s wound, remove the field dressing from __________ field first aid case. Apply the field dressing to the wound with the white side of the field dressing facing __________ the wound
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the casualty’s; toward.
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Which of the following statements is true? A. The function of a field dressing is to stop headaches. B. The function of a pressure dressing is to stop all blood flow below the wound. C. The pressure dressing should be tied in a non-slip knot directly over the site of the wound. D. The pressure dressing should be tied in a slip knot.
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The pressure dressing should be tied in a non-slip knot directly over the site of the wound.
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Which of the following statements is true?
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A tourniquet is to be tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.
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Below are some statements related to field dressings and pressure dressings. Which one is correct?
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You tie the knot for a pressure dressing over the wound.
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Of the steps shown below, which one does NOT fit?
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Its OK to touch the sterile (white) side of the field dressing.
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There are four main types of burns:
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Thermal Burn Electrical Burn Chemical Burn Laser Burn
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Thermal burns are caused by
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contact with fire, hot objects, hot liquids, or gases. This is the most common type of burn.
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Electrical burns are caused by
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contact with bare electrical wires, current, or lightning.
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Chemical burns can be caused by
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contact with wet or dry chemicals or white phosphorus.
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Laser burns are caused by
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contact with a laser beam. This type of burn is not very common.
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A chemical splashed into a Soldier’s right eye, and she is in pain from the burning sensation. What should you do?
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Turn her head so that the right eye is lower than the left eye and flush the right eye with water.
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When applying manual pressure to a dressed wound, where should you apply pressure with your hand?
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Directly over the wound
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Which of the following are steps for preventing or treating shock?
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Elevate the feet higher than the heart and reassure the casualty.
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Today you and your fellow recruits are learning to rappel. As one soldier is climbing the rope ladder to the top of the confidence tower, he falls off. He says he thinks his leg is broken. What should you do?
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Tell him NOT to move the injured leg.

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