Army First Aid FM 4-25.11

question

What FM covers First Aid?
answer

FM 4-25.11
question

What does TCCC stand for?
answer

Tactical Combat Casualty Care
question

What are the 3 phases of TCCC?
answer

Care under fire Tactical field care Combat casualty evacuation care
question

What does CASEVAC stand for?
answer

Casualty evacuation (typically in a nonmedical vehicle or aircraft, because in a medical craft it is referred to as MEDEVAC)
question

What is the biggest threat to a casualty’s life in combat?
answer

Bleeding
question

What are the 4 levels of consciousness?
answer

Alert Responds to voice Responds to pain Unresponsive
question

What is FMC?
answer

Field medical care, typically initiated by a medic or certified combat life saver
question

What are the 9 symptoms of shock?
answer

Sweaty cool skin Pale Skin Restlessness (Nervousness) Thirst Severe Bleeding Confusion Rapid Breathing Blue Skin Nausea (vomiting)
question

What are the 4 types of burns?
answer

Chemical Electrical Laser Thermal
question

What is the object of first aid?
answer

Stop Bleeding Overcome Shock Relieve Pain Prevent infection
question

What is the ABCs of first aid?
answer

open Airway, restore breathing stop Bleeding, protect wound Circulation, prevent shock
question

Should a casualty be given water?
answer

No a casualty should not eat or drink.
question

What are the 3 types of heat injuries?
answer

Heat Cramps Heat Exhaustion Heat STroke
question

What are the 2 types of fractures?
answer

Open and Closed
question

How do you diagnose a open fracture?
answer

Look for bleeding Bones sticking out of the skin Check pulse
question

How do you diagnose a closed fracture?
answer

Swelling Discoloration of the skin Deformity Unusual body position
question

Where should you splint the casualty?
answer

Splint them where the lie
question

What is the treatment for shock?
answer

(PELCRN) Position the casualty on their back Elevate their legs Loosen restrictive clothing (especially around neck and waist) Climatize the casualty Reassure the casaulty Notify medical personel
question

What methods can you use to stop bleeding?
answer

Apply field dressing Manual pressure Elevate limb Apply pressure dressing Digital pressure Apply tourniquet
question

What is the COLD acronym?
answer

COLD refers to the wear cold weather protective gear Keep gear CLEAN Don’t OVERHEAT Dress in LOOSE LAYERS Keep gear DRY
question

What are the symptoms of Heat Cramps?
answer

Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs) Abdominal Cramps (stomach) Excessive Sweating
question

What are the symptoms of Heat Exhaustion?
answer

Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skin Headache Weakness Dizziness Loss of appetite Cramping Nausea (with or without vomiting) Urge to defecate Chills (Gooseflesh) Rapid Breathing Tingling of Hands/Feet Confusion
question

What are the symptoms of Heat Stroke?
answer

Skin is red, hot and dry Weakness Dizziness Confusion Headaches Seizures Nausea Stomach pains or cramps Respiration and pulse may be rapid and weak Unconsciousness and collapse may occur suddenly
question

What is the treatment for Heat Cramps?
answer

Move the casualty to a cool, shady area (or improvise shade if none is available) Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment) Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water (Cool water if available) Seek medical assistance should cramps continue
question

What is the treatment for Heat Exhaustion?
answer

Move the casualty to a cool, shady area (or improvise shade if none is available) Loosen or remove their clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment) Pour water on the casualty and fan them Have them slowly drink at least one canteen of water Elevate their legs Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives (If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainder of the day)
question

What is the treatment for Heat Stroke?
answer

Move the casualty to a cool, shady area (or improvising shade if none is available) Loosening or removing his clothing (except in a chemical environment) Spraying or pouring water on the casualty and fanning them (to permit the coolant effect of evaporation) Massage their extremities and skin (increasing the blood flow to those body areas, thus aiding the cooling process) Elevate the casualty’s legs Have them slowly drink at least one canteen full of water (if they are conscious) Seek medical assistance immediately

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member