Army Command Policy (AR 600-20)

What AR covers the policies and responsibilities of command, which include the Well-being of the force, military discipline, and conduct, the Army EO Program, and the Army Sexual Assault Victim Program?AR 600-20, The Army Command Policy (AR 600-20, para 1-1).
What is command?Command is the authority a person in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank and assignment or position (AR 600-20, para 1-5a).
What is a commander?A commander is commissioned or warrant officer who, by virtue of grade and assignment, exercises primary command authority over a military organization or prescribed territorial area that under pertinent official directives is recognized as a “command” (AR 600-20, para 1-5a).

Who is the only civilian that can exercise command?The President of the United States as Commander-in-Chief (AR 600-20, para 1-5a).
What are the two key elements of command?Authority and responsibility (AR 600-20, para 1-5b).
How does AR 600-20 define “duty”?Obedient and disciplined performance (AR 600-20, para 1-5c(2)).
How do professionally competent leaders develop respect for their authority?-Striving to develop, maintain, and use the full range of human potential in their organization.

-Giving troops constructive information

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on the need for and purpose of military discipline.

-Properly training their Soldiers and ensuring that both Soldiers and equipment are in the proper state of readiness at all times.

-Requiring Exemplary Conduct

(AR 600-20, para 1-5c(4)(a-d)).

Do members of foreign military services serving with the U.S. Army have equal status with Army members of equivalent grade?Yes (AR 600-20, para 1-8).
Can members of foreign military services exercise command over Soldiers of the U.S. Army?No, BUT they may exercise operational or tactical control when authorized by the President or the Secretary of Defense (AR 600-20, para 1-8).
What is “Chain of Command”?Chain of Command is the order of commanders from superior to subordinate through which orders are transmitted. It assists commanders at all levels to achieve their primary function of accomplishing the unit’s assigned mission while caring for personnel and property in their charge (AR 600-20, para 2-1a).
What will Soldiers use when communicating issues and problems to their leaders and commanders?The Chain of Command (AR 600-20, para 2-1c).
What is the purpose of an open door policy?To allow members of the command to present facts , concerns, and problems of a personal or professional nature or other issues that the Soldier has been unable to resolve to the commander (AR 600-20, para 2-2).
Is providing regular and effective performance counseling to all Soldiers a command function?Yes (AR 600-20, para 2-3).
What are staff or technical channels used for?Sending reports, information, or instructions not involving variations from command policy and directives (AR 600-20, para 2-4).
Describe emergency command.Emergency command is when the senior officer, WO, cadet, NCO, specialist, or private among troops at the scene of an emergency assumes temporary command and control of the Soldiers present (AR 600-20, para 2-10).
Can a commander in temporary command alter or annul the standing orders of the permanent commander?Yes, but only in urgent cases with authority from the next higher command (AR 600-20, para 2-11).
When is a person considered ineligible for command of a post or activity?When the person is:
-Quartered there, but has a headquarters or office elsewhere

-A student at a Service school or civilian institution or undergoing individual training, instruction, or TDY enroute at a post where he/she is not part of the command.

-Not permanently assigned, and/or the unit involved is not permanently assigned to the post.

-Assigned primarily as a permanent member of a board.

-Prohibited from assuming command by statute or by restrictions found in paragraph 2-16.

-Assigned specific duty aboard a military vessel or aircraft where the officer’s particular duty, specialty, or MOS does not technically qualify him/her to assume the duty of ship’s master or aircraft commander.

-In arrest.

(AR 600-20, para 2-15)

When does the Senior Commander have authority to relieve a subordinate commander?When the SC loses confidence in a subordinate commander’s ability to command due to misconduct, poor judgement, the subordinate’s inability to complete assigned duties, or for other similar reasons (AR 600-20, para 2-17a).
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