Argumentative Review

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What side can one take in an Argumentative Essay?
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Defend, challenge, or qualify
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What is needed in a thesis?
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Author, type of piece, title of piece, answer to prompt
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What is a topic sentence?
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A topic sentence for each paragraph is an overview and a break down of the thesis, presenting the rhetorical appeals and choices made to strengthen and explain your answer to the prompt.
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How must one use Evidence in an essay?
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What supporting evidence (reasons, examples, facts, statistics, and/or quotations) can you include to prove/support/explain your topic sentence? You should not simply mention them; you should instead elaborate on them by giving details to be connected deliberately with the arguments being made. Also, you should try to give an indication of the reliability of your evidence
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Effective Commentary
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Commentary reasserts how the topic sentence of this paragraph helps up better understand and/or prove your paper’s overall claim
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Identifying Rhetorical Appeals
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Pathos – appeal to audience’s emotions Logos – appeal using stats or factual evidence Ethos – appeal to credibility
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Why is Reasoning important?
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Because it helps the reader to interpret the evidence you are providing us in the way that supports your claim.
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What’s the difference between Reasoning and Effective Commentary?
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While reasoning is the explaining and expanding of your evidence given before, commentary is the connection between our paragraph and your overall thesis
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A key component of a pro/con argument is acknowledgement of the _________
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Counterargument
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Why does one need to have a counterargument or grey area in the essay?
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You will also need to imagine and anticipate reasonable objections to your thesis and the arguments developed around it. You will need to describe these objections fairly (i.e. don’t create straw men to be knocked down effortlessly). And you will then need to deal with them decisively, demonstrating the superiority of your argument (or some adjusted form of your argument). This not only strengthens your arguments, but also makes your essay more complicated and therefore more interesting
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What score can one get without a counterargument in their essay?
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4
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T or F: An ambiguous claim is one that can be assigned more than one meaning and whose specific meaning in the context given is not clear.
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True
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Syllogism
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A form of deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn from two or more premises, each of which shares a term with the conclusion
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Inductive reasoning
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Reasoning from a specific case or cases and deriving a general rule
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Deductive reasoning
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Reasoning from a general case down to a specific instance
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Warrant
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The basic principle or assumption that connects the data with the claim. It is often implicit.
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Fallacy
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A mistaken belief based on unsound argument or a failure in reasoning that renders an argument invalid
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Concession
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A mistaken belief based on unsound argument or a failure in reasoning that renders an argument invalid

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