APUSH Chapter 9 Notes

Flashcard maker : Kenneth Miller
Society of the Cincinnati
The Continental Army officers formed an exclusive hereditary order
Virginia Statues o Religious Freedom
Created in 1786 by Thomas Jefferson and his co-reformers
States that religion should not be imposed on anybody
Anti-Slavery Society
Founded by the Philadelphia Quakers in 1775
Abolition of the Slave Trade
In 1774, the first continental congress called for this
Northern states abolished slavery, South did not
New Constitution
The 2nd Continental Congress called to draft this in 1775
Fundamental Law
Represent fundamental Constitutions superior o short lived legislation
Capitols Moved
During the Revolution Era, capitols o NH, NY, VA, NC, SC, and GA moved westward.
Economic Crosscurrents
Economic democracy preceded political democracy
Had to make own goods
Economy bad resulting in many poor Americans
Articles of Confederation
Drafted before independence, by the 2nd Continental Congress
Adopted by Congress in 1777
Convinced France I had a government
Not ratified by all until 1781
Congress Handicapes
1. Had no power to regulate commerce
2. Couldn’t enforce it’s tax collection program
States ASKED to pay taxes
Land Ordinance of 1785
Stated that the acreage of the Old Northwest should e sold to pay debt
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
A uniform national land policy
Land could be purchased
When a territory had 60,000 people, it became a state
Navigation Laws
Britain failed to repeal this or make any commerce treaty
Lord Sherfield
Argued that Britain could win back America’s trade
British remained in Americas
To keep the Indians on Britain’s side
Defend Canada against American attacks
Spain Relations
In 1784, Spain was unfriendly to America by closing off the Mississippi River to commerce
Shay’s Rebellion
In Western Massachusetts in 1786, when impoverished farmers attempted to enforce demands of lighter taxes, cheaper money, and the suspension of property takeovers
Captain Daniel Shays
Led the Shay’s rebellion in 1786
Convention at Annapolis, Maryland
Virginia Called for this in 1786
Alexander Hamilton
Saved the convention from collapsing
Advocate of a strong Central government
Constitutional Convention
On May 25, 1787, 55 representatives were sent to Philadelphia
Washington elected as the leader
Large-State Plan
Proposed by Virginia that stated that Congress reps. would be based upon population
Small-State Plan
Proposed by New Jersey Plan, stated that representation in Congress should be equal
The Great Compromise
Called for a Senate (equal rep.) and a House of Representatives (population based)
Three-Fifths Compromise
Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for population
Slave Trade
New institution called for an end to slave trade by the end of 1807
Checks and Balances
Constitutional Convention members agreed that a 3 branch government system
Anti Federalists
Led by Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, and Richard Henry Lee
Consisted of the poor
Federalists
Led by George Washington and Benjamin Franklin
Most lived on seaboard, and were more wealthy
Controlled the press
First States to sign the Constitution
DE, CN, MA, Maryland, SC, and NH
Lagging States
The 4 state to not sign the Constitution
VA, NY, NC, and RI
The 4 Laggard States
RI was the last to sign the Constitution
Had to ratify because they couldn’t exist outside it
Conservative Triumph
Believed it all represented the people
Lagging States

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