APUSH Chapter 25 Vocab

Herbert Hoover
president of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn’t want the gov involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
(HH) 1930 , charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliatio, HIGHEST EVER
Agricultural Marketing Act
Established the first major government program to help farmers maintain crop prices with a federally sponsored Farm Board that would make loans to national marking cooperatives or set up corporations to buy surpluses and raise prices. This act failed to help American farmers.
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed
Shantytowns on the outskirts of cities in which unemployed people of the Depression lived. The nomenclature comes from the blame many Americans placed on Hoover for the Great depression.
unflattering name given to Oklahomans and others from the rural Midwest, especially those who left the Dust Bowl looking for better lives during the 1930s
Dust Bowl
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Created in 1932 to make loans to banks, insurance companies, and railroads, it was intended to provide emergency funds to help businesses overcome the effects of the Depression
Bonus Army
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
Farmers Holiday Association
formed by a group of unhappy farm owners, it endorsed the withholding of farm products from the market- in effect a farmers’ strike, which although blockading several markets ended in failure.
Miles Reno
leader of the farm strike
John Dos Passos
a writer involved in radical political movements
Dorothea Lange
United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895-1965)
Margaret Bourke-White
Photographed American struggles
Erskine Caldwell
Tobacco Road
Wrote a play about destitute southern sharecroppers
John Steinbeck
Grapes of Wrath
farmers from dust bowl move to CA to find work
Richard Wright
Native Son
pressures of young urban blacks
James Agee and Walker Evans
Let us now praise famous men
southern white sharecroppers
Frank Capra
director that celebrated simple values and criticized the wealthy and politicians in films like Mr. Deeds Goes to Town and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
Popular Front
broad coalition of antifascist groups
Spanish Civil War
civil war in Spain in which General Franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government
Causes of the Great Depression
1. lack of diversification
2. income distribution
3. overextension of credit
4. declining international trade
5. international debt structure

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