APUSH Ch. 8

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The experience of American banking during the war of 1812 revealed
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the need for another national bank
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American currency and banking?
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second national bank could not forbid state banks to issue currency; but its size and power enabled it to dominate the state banks
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As a result of the war 1812, result on manufacturing
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manufactured goods during the conflict = scarce; so then new factories could start operations that resulted in quick profits; american textile industry grew
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Francis Cabot Lowell
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developed a power loom that was better than Britain’s; 1813- organized Boston Manufacturing Co.
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The first American mill to carry on the processes of spinning and weaving under a single roof was located in
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Waltham, MA
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After the war of 1812, it was clear that the united states needed an improved
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transportation system
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By 1818, the united states’ internal road system
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highway w/ crushed stone surface & massive stone bridges; ran as far as Wheeling, VA
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The Lancaster pike
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PA gave $100,00 to extend lancaster pike westward to Pittsburgh
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By 1816, American steamed powered shipping
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river steamers were beginning to journey up and down the Mississippi to the Ohio R. and up the Ohio to Pittsburgh
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On his last day in office president James Madison influenced “internal improvements”
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Calhoun – internal improvement bill saying to est. roads and canals Madison- on last day agreed w/ it, but vetoed bc no constitutional amendment
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Between 1800 and 1820 the population of the united states
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doubled from 5.3 million to 9.6 million
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In the early nineteenth century the westward movement of white Americans
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one of the most important developments; effect on nations economy -> political ramifications + different cultures
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In the early nineteenth century characteristics of life in the western territories
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frequent mobility of the population
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In the early nineteenth century the deep south
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focused on cotton plantations and slavery
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Mexico’s independence from Spain in 1821, results
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opened trade to US through northern territories
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John Jacob Astor
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American Fur Company; est. Astoria as a trading post @ mouth of Columbia R. in OR; sold company to Northwestern Fur Company
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William Ashley
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paired w Andrew Henry; founded Rocky Mountain Fur Company; recruited white trappers to Rockies to search for furs in return for survival supplies
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Rufus King
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Monroe’s federalist opponent; of New York; received 38 votes when Monroe received 183
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William Crawford
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William Becknell
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the missouri merchant who helped to create the santa fe trail by selling cheap american goods in mexican markets was
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In the early nineteenth century, “mountain men”
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fur traders moved from Great Lakes to UT & NM; often married indian and mexican women
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In the early nineteenth century, the explorer Stephen Long
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went on expedition of Zebulon Pike region; foretells of potential future settlement
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“Virginia Dynasty”?
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north impatient that first Jefferson of Virginia; then Madison of Virginia; and now James Monroe of Virginia
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The “era of good feelings” for following the War of 1812 reflected
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rising spirit of nationalism
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Prior to becoming president, James Monroe
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served as soldier in revolution; served as diplomat; served as a cabinet officer
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James Monroe, good will tour
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no one did since Washington; traveled throughout the country; greeted enthusiastically
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During the administration of James Monroe, federalists party
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ceased to exist
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The Seminole war and it’s effects
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Calhoun ordered to adopt the necessary measures to stop continuing the raids on american territory by seminole indians south of the florida border; Jackson used those orders as an excuse to invade florida, seize spanish forts @ St. Marks & Pensacola
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In 1819, Adams-Onis treaty of
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1819; spain ceded all of florida to america & gave up territory north of the 42nd parallel in Pacific Northwest; America gave up Texas
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The panic of 1819
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high foreign demand for american farm goods; high prices for american farmers; high prices stimulated a land boom; land prices soared
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The panic of 1819 resulted in a depression that lasted
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6 years
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In 1819 Tallmadge Amendment
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proposed by James Tallmadge Jr. of NY; prohibited the further introductions of slaves into Missouri and provide for the gradual emancipation of those already there; provoked a controversy that raged for the next 2 years
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The Missouri Compromise of 1819
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proposed by Senator Jesse B. Thomas; prohibited slavery in the rest of the Louisiana purchase territory North of the Southern Boundary of Missouri
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Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
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republic tried to revise Dartmouth College’s charter to convert the private college into a state university; Daniel Webster argued for the college; the court was on the college’s side
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Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
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Marshall explicitly affirmed the constitutionality of federal review of state court decisions
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McCullough v. Maryland (1819)
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Marshall confirmed the “implied powers” of congress by upholding the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States
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Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
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the court strengthened congress’s power to regulate interstate commerce
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Johnson v. McIntosh (1823)
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first of crucial indian decisions; tribes had a basic right to their tribal lands that preceded all other american law; american citizens could not buy or take land from the tribes, only the federal government could do that
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Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
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court invalidated Georgia laws that attempted to regulate access by US citizens to cherokee county; only the federal could do that
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The policy expressed in the Monroe Doctrine was principally directed at
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Europe
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The Monroe Doctrine declared that
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the american continents are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any european powers
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The writing of the Monroe Doctrine, example of
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growing spirit of nationalism in the 1820’s
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In the presidential election of 1824
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Andrew jackson had most electoral votes; 12th amendment passed; john quincy adams received the second most electoral votes and the house of representatives voted him president
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“Corrupt Bargain” was negotiated between
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henry clay and john quincy adams
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The so-called “corrupt bargain” of 1824 involved
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a political deal to determine the outcome of the presidential election
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The presidential administration of John Quincy Adams, notoriety
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was noted for its inability to carry out its policies effectively
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The presidential campaign of 1828
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andrew jackson was labled a murderer
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Andrew Jackson’s presidential victory in 1828 was
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decisive but sectional
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The election of 1828, emergence of
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new two party system

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