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APUSH 18 – Flashcard

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The 1920 census of the United States revealed that
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a majority of Americans lived in “urban” areas.
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In the late nineteenth century, the population in urban a reas of the United States
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E.mostly came from Europe.
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The largest number of immigrants to the United States in the late nineteenth century came from
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southern and eastern Europe.
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In the late nineteenth century, immigrants in the United States
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D. generally lacked the capital to buy farmland.
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5.By 1890, the percentage of the populations of Chicago, New York, and Detroit that were made up of immigrants was roughly
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E.80-85 percent.
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6.In the late nineteenth century, most immigrants to the United States
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C. formed close-knit ethnic communities within the cities.
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7.In the late nineteenth century, compared to other immigrant ethnic groups, Jews
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E. All these answers are correct.
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Compared with the first generation, second generation immigrants were more likely to
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C.break from their traditional culture.
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In the late nineteenth century, the assimilation of immigrants was encouraged by
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E.All these answers are correct.
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The primary goal of the American Protective Association was to
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D.stop immigrants from entering the United States.
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In 1894, the Immigration Restriction League
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B. proposed screening immigrants to allow only the “desirable” ones to enter.
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In 1882, the first group of immigrants to be excluded from the United States on the basis of their nationality were
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A.Chinese.
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One significant innovation of urban America in the late nineteenth century was
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B.large public parks.
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The principle force behind the creation of great public buildings in the late nineteenth century was
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A.wealthy residents.
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The “city beautiful” movement in the United States was inspired, in part, by
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B.the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
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In the late nineteenth century, suburbs on the edges of American cities were largely populated by
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C.the moderately well-to-do people.
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In 1894, the population density of Manhattan in New York was
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E.far greater than the most crowded European cities.
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Tenement buildings in urban America were
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C.initially praised as an improvement in housing for the poor.
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In the 1890s, Jacob Riis
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D.reported on the living conditions of the urban poor to encourage improvements.
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By 1900, the transportation systems of American cities included
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E.All these answers are correct.
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In 1884, the first “modern” skyscraper built in the United States
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C.was constructed with steel girders.
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In the early twentieth century, efforts to improve environmental problems in American cities
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C.included a new federal environmental regulatory agency.
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In the late nineteenth century, efforts to reduce poverty in America
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B.saw charitable organizations try to limit aid to those deemed “deserving poor.”
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In the late nineteenth century, crime in large American urban centers
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E.All these answers are correct.
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Theodore Dreiser’s 1900 novel, Sister Carrie, dealt with
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E.social dislocations and injustices of the present.
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In the late nineteenth century, political “machines” in cities owed their existence to
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D.the rapid growth of urban America and the influx of millions of immigrants.
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In the late nineteenth century, urban political bosses did all of the following EXCEPT
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E.reduce the costs of city services.
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In the late nineteenth century, the Tammany Hall political machine
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A.saw its most famous boss, William M. Tweed, sent to prison.
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In the last decades of the nineteenth century, incomes in the United States
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A.rose for almost all Americans.
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During the late nineteenth century, all of the following innovations occurred in consumer goods EXCEPT
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B.the formation of credit card companies.
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The national network of grocery stores that started in the 1850s was
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A.the A&P.
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In the 1890s, Florence Kelley and the National Consumers League sought to
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D.improve wages and working conditions of manufacturers and retailers.
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At the end of the nineteenth century, most Americans viewed leisure time
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E.as being desirable.
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In the late nineteenth century, leisure activities tended to be divided by
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E.All these answers are correct.
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The nineteenth-century game of “rounders” became the modern sport of
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B.baseball.
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In 1869, Princeton and Rutgers played the first intercollegiate game in America of
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C.football.
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In the nineteenth century, vaudeville theater
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A.consisted of a variety of stage acts
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At the turn of the twentieth century, motion pictures
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B.were the first true mass entertainment medium.
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Which of the following statements regarding Coney Island is FALSE?
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C.The park developed a reputation for wholesome, family attractions.
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During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the growth of newspapers
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D.saw newspaper circulation increase much more rapidly than the general population.
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Which American writer would be LEAST associated with the trend toward social realism in literature in the late nineteenth century?
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A.Mark Twain
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The American artistic movement known as the “Ashcan School”
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C.included the painter Edward Hopper.
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Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution met initial resistance from
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E.All these answers are correct.
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According to the philosophy of pragmatism, society should be guided by
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A.scientific inquiry.
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Which American thinker is LEAST associated with study using scientific methods?
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A.Henry James
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Which statement about education in the late nineteenth century is FALSE?
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E.Funding for public education was highest in rural areas.
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In the late nineteenth century, American universities
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E.All these answers are correct.
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During the late nineteenth century, college education for American women
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B.had expanded significantly.