APHUG Chapter 1: Basic Concepts

Which is most likely a functional region?
the area of dominance of a television station
A ____ is the spread of something over a given study area
diffusion
According to environmental determinism,
the physical environment causes different types of social and cultural actions
The study of how humans and environments interact is called
cultural ecology
Moving toward the southwestern border of the United States, Spanish is increasingly spoken in addition to English. What type of region does this gradual change of language reflect?
functional
The U.S. land ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of
townships, ranges, sections, and quarter sections
Situation identifies a place by its
location relative to other objects or places
Which type of map would have the largest scale?
city
Distortion is especially severe and apparent on
small-scale maps
If a geographer uses some of the components and applications of a computer system to organize and display maps, but she doesn’t use it for other functions,
she is still utilizing a GPS, although she may not be using all of its potential to store, organize, retrieve, and analyze data
We can judge from the various kinds of maps in this chapter that
maps have appeared in many forms in different societies and times, including modern paper maps, GPS in cars, the “stick charts” of Polynesia, and the carved maps of ancient Turkey
The township and region system
established a grid-like pattern for much of present-day land use in the United States
To geographers, the spread of McDonald’s around the world represents
economic and cultural globalization
A map projection may distort a continent, making it appear stretched in some areas and in other areas in order to
distort distances and relative sizes of countries and continents
You are given the coordinates 128 E longitude, 45 N latitude. This is an example of
mathematical location
A geographer might use a GPS to
find the best route to a store or log the locations where photographs were taken
Which of the following best describes the idea of a cultural landscape?
a landscape where human activity has modified the environment in some way
Which of the following are forms of expansion diffusion?
contagious and heirrarchial
The idea that the environment sets broad limits on human activities, but people have the ability to adjust to a wide variety of physical environments is
possiblism
1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?
a ratio or fraction
Scale is
the relationship between the length of an object on a map and the feature of a landscape
Global Positioning System reference ____ location
exact
When geographers say that the South is partly declined as a region by the Baptist Church, they understand that
the Presbyterians, Roman Catholic, Methodist, and other churches also attract adherents in the South, but to a lesser extant than do Baptist churches
Which of the following are fundamental elements of culture
customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms
Hurricane Katrina’s landfall on the United States is an interesting geographic case study because
the effects are an interaction of human and physical geography
The frequency of something within a given unit of area is
density
The acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite, spacecraft, or specially equipped high-altitude balloon is
remote sensing
A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic data is
GIS
Highest density
the highest number
The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is related to the location of other phenomena is
spatial association
Culture means to
care about and nurture something
Which is most correct regarding the origins of geography?
geography was invented as a science in the late 18th century
Highest concenration
Most clustered together
The South is established as a vernacular region in the United States by
high cotton production, high church attendance, the prevalence of right-wing talk radio stations, and limits placed on the civil rights of ethnic and racial minorities
Which of the following could be a vernacular region?
a sports “conference” or area within which sports teams compete with one another
A mathematical process for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is a
projection
According to the surviving evidence, the first person to write world geography was
Eratosthenes
Site identifies a place by its
unique physical characteristics
Among the elements of globalization of culture are tendencies toward
uniform consumption preferences, enhanced communications, unequal access to resources, and uniformity in cultural forms
A hearth is
a region from which a phenomenon originates
An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a
region
The state of Texas is best considered a formal region because
the same state laws apply everywhere in the region
The name of a location on Earth’s surface is a
toponym
The art and science of making maps is
cartography
The arrangement of a phenomenon across Earth’s surface is
distribution