AP World History Unit 4 Test Review

Flashcard maker : Tiffany Hanchett
Xuanzang
a Buddhist monk who escaped China to go to India
Yang Jian
ruler of the Sui dynasty that lasted for less than 30 years and brought all of China under centralized imperial rule once again
Sui dynasty
dynasty that restored centralized imperial rule over China and was founded by Yang Jian
Sui Yangdi
second emperor of the Sui dynasty and completed work on the Grand Canal project; he was assassinated, which caused the fall of the dynasty
Tang dynasty
dynasty that ruled after the Sui and lasted for almost 300 years
Tang Taizong
the Tang’s second emperor who built a capital at Chang’an and was a Confucian ruler
Grand Canal
waterwork project that consisted of artificial waterways
1240 miles
length of the Grand Canal
equal-field system
ensured an equitable distribution of land and to avoid the concentration of landed property that had caused social problems during the Han
An Lushan
a military commander of the Tang who mounted a rebellion against the Tang that ended when he was murdered
Luoyang
secondary capital of the Tang dynasty
Uighurs
a nomadic Turkish people that was invited by the Tang to oust An Lushan from the imperial capitals
Huang Chao
a military commander that led an uprising that embroiled much of eastern China
Du Fu
considered as China’s greatest poet, he wrote about the beauty of the world but fell into poverty after An Lushan’s rebellion
Song Dynasty
Chinese dynasty that placed much more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education, and arts than on military affairs; also lasted for three centuries
Song Taizu
first Song emperor who organized a centralized administration that placed military forces under tight supervision
Khitan
a seminomadic people from Manchuria who ruled a vast empire from northern Korea to Mongolia
Jurchen
a nomadic people who conquered the Khitan, overran northern China, captured the Song capital, and established the Jin empire
Hangzhou
the second capital of the Song after moving to Southern Song
Southern Song
the latter part of the Song dynasty in southern China
fast-ripening rice
crop from Vietnam that enabled cultivators to harvest two crops per year
Li Bo
popular Chinese poet who wrote verses celebrating life, friendship, and wine
foot binding
involved the tight wrapping of young girls’ feet with strips of cloth that prevented natural growth of the bones and placed women under tight supervision of their husbands
magnetic compass
also known as the \”south-pointing needle\”, it was used by seafarers to navigate the oceans
flying cash
letters of credit that enabled merchants to deposit goods or cash at one location
Sichuan province
first place to have printed paper money
Dunhuang
a city in western China that had a rising Buddhist community
Chan Buddhism
a syncretic faith of Buddhism with Chinese characteristics
neo-Confucianism
philosophy that merged basic elements of Confucian and Buddhist thought
Zhu Xi
a prolific writer who was the most important representative of Song neo-Confucianism
li
a principle of Zhu Xi that defines the essence of the being
qi
the material form of li
Nara period
period in Japan where Chinese influence was more prominent; imperial house was moved a capital city at Nara
Shinto
the indigenous religion of Japan before adopting Confucian and Buddhist traditions
Heian period
Japanese period during the transfer of the capital from Nara to Heian where local rulers recognized the emperor as Japan’s supreme political authority
Tale of Genji
a Japanese literary work that relates the experiences of a prince named Genji
Murasaki Shikibu
a lady-in-waiting at the Heian court who worte Japanese syllabic script rather than Chinese characters
medieval period of Japan
name of the Kamakura and Muromachi periods in Japan
Taira and Minamoto
two clans that overshadowed the other aristocratic clans; fought in a war in which the Minamoto won
samurai
professional warriors who served the provincial lords of Japan

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