AP World History Chapter 30 Vocab

Flashcard maker : Sarah Adrian
Calico Acts
banned the import of textiles into England, followed by the restriction of sale of most cotton textiles.
John Kay
inventor of the flying shuttle, which was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution
Samuel Crompton
an English inventor and pioneer of the spinning industry
Edmund Cartright
an English inventor. He graduated from Oxford University very early and went on to invent the power loom
James Watt
a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world
Henry Bessemer
an English engineer, inventor, and businessman
George Stephenson
an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives
Adam Smith
a Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economy
Wealth of Nations
a book of collected descriptions of what builds nations’ wealth and is today a fundamental work in classical economics
Luddites
19th-century English textile artisans who protested against newly developed labour-replacing machinery from 1811 to 1817.
Eli Whitney
an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin
Henry Ford
an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production
Corporations
a separate legal entity that has been incorporated either directly through legislation or through a registration process established by law.
John D. Rockefeller
an American business magnate and philanthropist
IG Farben
a German chemical industry conglomerate, notorious for its role in the Holocaust
Demographic Transition
he transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system
Thomas Malthus
an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography
Industrial Families
the point in time when society moved into a more manufacturing/factory based occupation’s
Men at Work
some men became owners/managers of factories while the majority served as wageworkers. mens wages constituted to bulk of their families income, professional mean dedicated themselves to self improvement even in their leisure hours.
Women at Home and Work
work that is believed to be exclusively the domain of women and associates particular tasks with the female gender
Child Labor
the use of children in industry or business, especially when illegal or considered inhumane.
Socialism
a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
Karl Marx
a German philosopher, economist, social scientist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist.
Frederick Engels
a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx.
The Communist Manifesto
A book in which Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels proclaimed the principles of communism
Count Siege Witte
late 19th century russian minister of finance who pushed for industrialization
Proletarian
urban working class in a modern industrial society
Bourgeoisie
middle class in modern industrial society
Trans Siberian Rail Road
a railroad traversing Siberia, from Chelyabinsk in the Ural Mountains to Vladivostok: constructed by the Russian government 1891-1916
Zaibatsu
japanese term for \”wealthy cliques\” which are similar to american trusts and cartels but usually organized around one family

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