AP World History Chapter 29 Vocabulary

Flashcard maker : Claire Scott
The First Five Year Plan
Communist plan used by both Russia and China in the 1900s to increase agriculture and industrial output. Created by Joseph Starling.
Roosevelt and The New Deal
In 1933, President Roosevelt launched the New Deal, an ambitious program to bring relief to the jobless, spur economic recovery, and prevent future depression.
Roaring Twenties
This time period was an era during the 1920’s where new dances, music, games and other new ways to have fun swept the country.
Nickname for the 1920’s becasue of the booming economy and fast pace of life during that era.
The Great Depression
he stock market crashed causing many people to lose invested money. People stopped buying and companies stopped producing.
Unemployment rates shot up and many people were living in poverty. The economy wouldn’t see relief until WW2 began and industry started
booming. 1929-1939.
Totalitarianism
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Lenin and the Bolshevik Party
Leader of Bolsheviks in Russia in 1917
Lenin led the Bolsheviks and they implemented communism in Russia
Socialism and Communism
Communism advocates class war and leads to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.

Socialism advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

Leon Trotsky
Russian revolutionary intellectual and close adviser to Lenin. A leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917), he was later expelled from the Communist Party (1927) and banished (1929) for his opposition to the authoritarianism of Stalin.
Joseph Stalin
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition.
March on Rome Camille
Mussolini and the Fascist Party
What: there was no actual march; this just signified Mussolini taking over the government; then the Fascist \”marched” down the streets of Italy
Where: Italy
When: Late October 1922 (28th); Mussolini was sworn in as Prime Minister
Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
Adolf Hitler was leader of Nazi Party who lead Nazi successful in the 1933 election.
What: With leadership of Hitler, Nazi party gained power in 1933.Nazi won the election because of high unemployment rate and great depression at that time. Even though Nazi Party vote dropped when unemployment rate dropped, president Hindenburg name him as chancellor, and also took over the title of president when Hindenburg died. He declared Nazi party as only political party in Germany, and made party membership mandatory high bureaucrats. Hitler also executed people who stood against the Nazi Party and Hitler himself. Nazi Party and Hitler also started World War II by invading Poland in 1939. However, Hitler killed himself when it was clear that there was no chance of winning in World War II.

When: Nazi Party was founded in 1919 as German Worker’s Party.

Mein Kampf
This was written by Adolf Hitler the founder and leader of the National Socialist party (the Nazi Regime).

What: This is an autobiography. The title means My Struggles. It detailed his political ideology and plans for Germany. Hitler wrote this book when he was imprisoned for leading a failed resistance in Munich. He shared much of his anti-semitism by having the Jewish people be scapegoats for the problems in Germany. It also discussed his problems with communism. He believed that much of the problems in Germany occurred because of the Weimar Republic. He explained the German \”pure\” Aryan race.

The Enabling Act
A law passed on March 23 1933, which gave the cabinet and effectively the chancellor AKA Hitler the power to enact decrees without the approval of the Reichstag. This law contributed greatly to Hitler becoming the dictator of the Third Reich. The act was to last 4 years unless it was renewed by the Reichstag which it was, twice.
Nuremburg Laws
1935 laws defining the status of Jews and withdrawing citizenship from persons of non-German blood.
Spanish Civil War
In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. General Francisco Franco led the rebellion. The revolt quickly became a civil war. The Soviet Union provided arms and advisers to the government forces while Germany and Italy sent tanks, airplanes, and soldiers to help Franco.
Yuan Shikai
Chinese general and first president of the Chinese Republic (1912-1916). He stood in the way of the democratic movement led by Sun Yat-sen.
Chinese Communist Party
Party formed in 1923 when Sun Yat-Sen merged the Third Communist International and the KMT to create the first of many liberation fronts. This front was completely anticonservative and anti-imperialist, but not fully communist. Eventually it would separate from and defeat the KMT under Mao Zedong in 1927.
May Fourth Movement
The May Fourth Movement was a political movement that spread through China. Many people were very upset with the new imperialistic and Western policies being adopted by the state. Many people in the May Fourth Movement wanted different polices. A lot of people in the movement also liked the idea of communism for China.

When?: The May Fourth Movement occurred between 1917-1921.

Mao Zedong and the Long March
The leader of the communist party and the peoples of the communist revolution, which was mostly the peasantry of south China. The communist party of China came to be known.

What- Mao Zedong led the communist revolutionists in a 6,000 mile march from southeastern China to northwestern China to establish a new base for the communist revolution.

Japanese invasion of Manchuria and China
A conquest of Manchuria, a Chinese province, was completed without the backing of the civilian government; after Japan became involved in skirmishes with Chinese forces in Beijing, fighting spread and the Japanese quickly occupied the cities and railroads of eastern China; accompanied by devastating bombing raids.

When – late 1931 (Manchuria); 1937-1938 (China).

Emperor Hirohito
Emperor Shōwa was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death on January 7, 1989.
Rape of Nanking
Infamous genocidal war crime committed by japanese military in Nanjing. started in 1937 and lasted a few weeks. japanese army raped, stole and killed prisoners of war and civilians.
Gandhi and nonviolent resistance
He was the primary leader in India’s independence movement.

What-Nonviolent resistance is a method of rebellion that emphasizes gain through peaceful negotiations or revolts.

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