AP World History Chapter 29 Terms

Flashcard maker : Michael Seabolt
Interwar period
The 1920s and 1930s, shaped by the results of World War I.
Alexander Kerensky
Leader of the provisional government in Russia after the fall of the tsar;
kept Russia in World War I and resisted major reforms; overthrown by Bolsheviks at the end of
1917.
Chiang Kai-shek
Successor to Sun as leader of the Nationalists; fierce opponent of the
Communists, yet he formed an alliance with them to fight Japan.
Roaring Twenties
Great social and economic changes were the hallmark of this decade.
Red Army
Military organization constructed under leadership of Leon Trotsky, Bolshevik
follower of Lenin; made use of people of humble background.
Long March
To escape the Nationalists, 90,000 Mao supporters traveled thousands of miles in
1934 to remote regions; solidified Mao’s leadership and created much of his myth.
Kellogg-Briand Pact
A multinational treaty sponsored by American and French diplomats that
outlawed war; an example of the optimism that existed during part of the 1920s.
New Economic Policy
Lenin’s temporary measure that allowed some capitalism within a Communist framework; food production increased under this program; ended by Stalin.
Cubist movement
Artistic style rendering familiar objects in geometric shapes; headed by Pablo Picasso, who was influenced by African art.
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Fascism
Created in Italy by Mussolini and expanded in Germany by Hitler, this political and
economic movement promoted socialist programs combined with authoritarianism.
United Soviet Socialist Republic (U.S.S.R.)
a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia
Settler societies
Australia, Canada, and New Zealand; forged separate \”autonomous communities\” within the British empire, called the British Commonwealth of Nations.
Joseph Stalin
Assistant to Lenin who beat out Trotsky for undisputed control of the U.S.S.R. after Lenin’s death; installed the nationalistic \”socialism in one country\” program, collectivization, and widespread purges.
Zaibatsu
In Japan, industrial corporations with close government cooperation that expanded rapidly in this era into shipbuilding and other heavy industries.
Comintern
International office of communism under U.S.S.R. dominance established to
encourage the formation of Communist parties in Europe and the world.
Pancho Villa
Mexican revolutionary who led guerrilla fighting in the North; pursued unsuccessfully by the U.S. government in 1913.
Collectivization
Soviet policy of eliminating private ownership of farmland and creating large
state-run farms.
Emiliano Zapata
Mexican revolutionary who led guerrilla fighting in the South; motto was
\”Tierra y Libertad\”; demanded land reform.
May Fourth Movement
Popular 1919 uprising in China against Japanese interference and for Western-style government that featured intellectuals and students as its leaders; sank under the weight of problems facing China in the early 20th century.
Cristeros
Conservative peasant movement in the 1920s in Mexico; backed by the Catholic
church and many politicians; resisted the secularization of the culture and government.
Sun Yat-sen
Western-educated leader of the Revolutionary Alliance, the Guomindang, and at times, China, in the 1910s and 1920s; struggled with warlords for control of the nation.
Party of the Industrialized Revolution (PRI)
This Mexican political party dominated politics
from the 1930s to the end of the century.
Mao Zedong
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Diego Rivera
socialist Mexican painter of murals (1886-1957)
Guomindang
Nationalist party in China; it was the Communist Party’s greatest rival, yet the
Guomindang and Communists forged an alliance against Japanese aggression; the ruling party in
mainland China until 1949, it failed to implement most of the domestic programs it proposed.

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