AP World History Chapter 21 Reading Quiz

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Which of the following was a criticism of the soviet model of industrialization made by Chinese leaders in the mid-1950s?
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It promoted individualistic and careerist values
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Which of the following contributed to the failure of Soviet reforms to strengthen socialism and revive a stagnant economy?
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The planned economy was dismantled before a functioning market-based system could emerge
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In the twenty-first century, international tensions born of communism remain in
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East Asia and the Caribbean
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How did the cold war affect countries emerging from colonial rule in the second half of the twentieth century?
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Both the United States and the Soviet Union gave them military and economic aid in the hope of gaining their support
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Which of the following countries’ membership in the “second world” of communist countries occurred without Soviet military intervention?
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Cuba
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Which of the following countries was an arena for a “hot war” between Soviet-backed communist forces and U.S. backed resistance forces?
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Afghanistan
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What did the different expressions of global communism in the twentieth century share in common?
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A common ideology derived from European Marxism
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Which of the following was a value emphasized in the socialist modernity of communist states?
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Equality
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What effect did the Soviet policy of glasnost have on the communist countries in Eastern Europe?
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It sparked demonstrations that toppled the communist states in Eastern Europe
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Which of the following occurred in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of communism?
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open conflict among different ethnic groups living within the same state
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Which of the following events in China was most similar to the search for “enemies of the people” in the Soviet Terror of the late 1930s?
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The Tiananmen Incident
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What did the Russian and Chinese revolutions share in common with the French Revolution?
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A vision of the good society in a modernizing future
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Which of the following highlights the failure of Soviet policy in the 1930s to live up to its promises?
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“How can we liquidate classes, if new classes have developed here, with the only difference being that they are not called classes?
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Which of the following was a phrase used during the Soviet Terror to describe the activities in the gulag camps?
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Land Improvement
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Whose perspective is expressed in the following statement from the Soviet Union? “Each of us fought alone to keep an honest name and save the honor of our friends, although it would have been far easier to die than to endure this hell month after month.”
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A revolutionary imprisoned during the Great Purges
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Which color is associated with the new society created by the communist revolution in China?
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Red
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Which of the following led to the outbreak of the Russian Revolution?
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The pressures of World War I
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Which of the following describes relations among those countries controlled by communist parties?
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Bitter and divisive conflict undermined any sense of communist solidarity
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Which of the following reflects aspects of the Chinese Communist Party’s strategy on this revolutionary path to power?
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Land reform and guerrilla warfare
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The tensions of the cold war strengthened the influence of which of the following on the governments of the United States and the Soviet Union?
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the military-industrial complex
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In what respect did the communist movements in the twentieth century depart from Marxist theory?
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They occurred in largely agrarian societies
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In contrast to China, the collectivization of agriculture in the Soviet Union
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was marked by extensive violence and the execution or deportation of wealthier peasants
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Which of the following made modernization more difficult in China than in Russia?
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The larger population in China
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Which of the following refers to the military alliance that united the Soviet Union with Eastern European communist states against Western capitalist countries during the cold war?
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The Warsaw Pact
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Which of the following was a feature common in both Soviet and Chinese policies toward women?
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They were largely state-directed
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Which of the following contributed to the Bolsheviks’ victory in the Russian civil war?
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The divisions among their opponents
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What was the end result of Mao’s two great campaigns-the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution?
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The death and ruin of tens of millions, and the widespread discrediting of communism
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Which of the following promises made by the Bolsheviks resonated with the majority of the Russian population in 1917?
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Worker control of factories
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Which of the following was a feature of most communist states?
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Mass organizations controlled by the Communist Party
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What was the result of the reforms instituted under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping in China in the 1980s?
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Rapid economic growth based on Capitalist models
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In contrast to Russia, the communist revolution in China
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focused on building peasant support in the countryside
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Which of the following was a feature of both Soviet and Chinese reforms in the 1980s and 1990s?
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Welcoming foreign investment in joint enterprises
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Which of the following contributed to American global influence in the decades following World War II?
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a productive economy in a country untouched by the destruction of war

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