AP World History Chapter 17 Reading Quiz

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Which group in the United States in the early twentieth century pressed for reforms to correct the abuses of capitalist industrialization?
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The Progressives
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Which of the following was a value associated with middle-class culture in the nineteenth-century Britain?
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Hard Work
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How did Britain’s geography affect its Industrial Revolution?
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Coal and iron ore deposits were abundant and close to each other
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Which of the following played a greater role in industrial development in Russia than in the United States or Western Europe?
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The state
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How did the working class movement in Britain differ from the one in Russia?
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It advocated a reformist program and a peaceful transition to socialism
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Which of the following arguments serves to counter the notion that European culture is inherently more suited to industry and technology?
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Until about 1750, core areas of Europe, India, and China enjoyed similar levels of economic development
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In what way was the Industrial Revolution a global phenomenon by the end of the nineteenth century?
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Even regions that failed to industrialize were impacted by industrialization
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Which of the following was a reason for the failure of socialism to take root in the United States?
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The higher standard of living enjoyed by most American workers
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In the eighteenth century, how did the Industrial Revolution solve an emerging energy crisis?
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It introduced the use of coal, oil, and natural gas as sources of fuel
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Which of the following explains why industrialization first occurred in Europe?
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European rulers fostered unusually close alliances with their merchant classes
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The economic development of Latin America was heavily dependent on
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foreign capital
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Which of the following describes the situation in Latin America after independence?
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Politically, the area was plagued by internal divisions, regional revolts, and international wars
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Industrialization led to violent social revolution only in
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Russia
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Which of the following made global migration an appealing option for many Europeans during the nineteenth century?
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The demand for labor overseas
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In nineteenth-century Britain, most members of the aristocracy derived their wealth from
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landownership
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Which of the following was a factor that pushed many Europeans to immigrate in the nineteenth century?
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The decline in peasant farming in their homelands
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Which of the following reflects an explanation for Europe’s Industrial Revolution, which most historians criticize as Eurocentric and deterministic?
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Unique features of European society, economy, or history gave it a long term advantage and head-start in industrializing
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Which of the following was a result of the Industrial Revolution?
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An increase in production in mining, manufacturing, and services
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What was most of the European capital invested in Latin America used to finance?
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Railroads
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Which of the following groups benefited the most from the Industrial Revolution in nineteenth-century Britain?
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The middle classes
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Which of the following has been offered as an explanation for why Britain was the first European country to industrialize?
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The Scientific Revolution in Great Britain fostered technological innovation
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Which of the following accompanied industrialization wherever it occurred in the world?
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Urbanization
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Which was the only country in Latin America to experience a nationwide revolution in the early twentieth century?
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Mexico
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In nineteenth-century Britain, women from the laboring classes found jobs as
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factory workers and domestic servants
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Which of the following describes how the Industrial Revolution unfolded?
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It began independently in only one place, Great Britain
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Which of the following is a phrase that has been used to describe the form of economic growth in Latin America in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
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Dependent Development
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How did contact with other civilizations contribute to Europe’s Industrial Revolution?
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It enabled Europe to draw disproportionately on the world’s resources
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Which of the following describes a feature of Karl Marx’s vision of the society he predicted would emerge after the collapse of capitalism?
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A society without classes and conflict
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Which of the following describes how the movement toward industrialization in the nineteenth century affected Latin America?
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Latin America provided the food products, raw materials, and markets for industrializing countries

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