AP world history chap 1 terms

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hunting and gathering
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The killing of wild animals and fish as well as the gathering of fruits, roots, nuts, and other plants for sustenance.
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Neolithic Age
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latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
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culture
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A way of life
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band
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a small group of people
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matrilocal
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refers to the pattern in which married couples live with or near the wives’ parents
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Catal Huyuk
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a Neolithic villiage in present day Turkey
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Bronze Age
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a period of human culture between the Stone Age and the Iron Age, characterized by the use of weapons and implements made of bronze
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slash and burn agriculture
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Another name for shifring cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
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Hammurabi
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King of the Babylonian empire; one of the world’s oldest codes of law.
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Indo Europeans
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Group of Asian peoples who migrated to many different places: Ex. Hittites to Turkey; Aryans to India
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civilizations
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highly developed cultures
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nomads
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people who wander from place to place
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homo sapiens
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A species of the creatures Hominid who have larger brains and to which humans belong, dependent of language and usage of tools.
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agrarian revolution
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change in farming methods in the 1600s that improved the quality and quantity of farm products
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matrilineal
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tracing descent through the mother
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neolithic revolution
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the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC
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domestication
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the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food
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babylonians
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native group of people to mesopotamia
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harappa
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A large ancient city of the Indus civilization, created in present-day Pakistan
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Mesopotamia
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first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means \”land between the rivers;\” Sumerian culture
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Paleolithic
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The \”old\” Stone Age, during which humankind produced the first sculptures and paintings.
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Neanderthals
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In Europe, another human species lived and adapted to life in the cold climates of the last Ice Age.
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Natufian complex
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pre-agricultural culture; located in present-day Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon; practiced collection of wild barley and wheat to supplement game; large settlement sites.
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pastoralism
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A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
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jericho
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a village in Jordan near the north end of the Dead Sea
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social differentiation
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the relative access individuals and groups have to basic material resources, wealth, power, and prestige
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ideographs
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these words express a country’s basic political values.
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shang dynasty
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the imperial dynasty ruling China from about the 18th to the 12th centuries BC

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