AP psych unit 3

As members of the human family, we all share a common
Biological heritage
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits is known as
Behavior genetics
A behavior geneticist would be most interested in studying hereditary influences on
Personality traits
A segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein is called a
The threadlike structures that contain genes are called
Chromosomes are located with human
Chromosomes are composed of
Twin studies suggest that Alzheimer’s disease in influenced by
Twin studies suggest that a strong influence on emotional instability comes from
Genetic predispositions
Although identical twins have been shown to have some amazing psychological similarities one should be cautious about attributing these similarities to genetic factors because
Any two strangers are likely to share a string of coincidental similarities
Studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlight the importance of ______ in personality development
Home environments
Identical twins separated at birth and raised in completely different cultures would be most likely to have similar
Adoptive parents are most likely to influence _______ of their adopted child
Political attitudes
An infants temperament refers most directly to it’s
Emotional excitability
Pat is normally very restless and fidgety whereas Shelley is usually quiet and easy going. The two children most clearly differ in
Difficult babies with an intense and highly reactive temperament tend to me
Irritable and unpredictable
Our enduring personality traits are first evident in our differing
In order to estimate trait heritability researchers are most likely to make use of
Twin studies
A researcher who assesses the heritability of intelligence is most likely a
Behavior geneticist
An African butterfly that is green in the summer turns brown in the fall thanks to a temperature controlled genetic switch. this best illustrates that genes are
Self regulating
Gender differences in heritable personality traits cannot necessarily be attributed to male female genetic differences because
Heritable traits can be influenced by social environments
The unique temperaments of children evoke predictable responses from their caregivers. this best illustrates ____ of nature and nurture
Because Marla is the first girl in her 4th grade class to sexually mature, she is sometimes teased and rejected by her classmates. Marla’s sense of isolation and embarrassment result from the interaction of
Nature and nurture
Evolutionary psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of
Natural selection
Dmitry Belyaev and Lyudmila Trut successfully domesticated wild foxes by means of
Selective mating
The reproductive advantage enjoyed by organisms best suited to a specific ecological niche is known as
Natural selection
A random error in gene replication is known as
If a genetically based attraction to beautiful people contributes to survival that trait will likely be passed on to subsequent generations, this best illustrates
Natural Selection
Evolutionary psychologists emphasize that environmentally adaptive behaviors are those that have promoted
Reproductive success
If a genetic predisposition to fear darkness contributes to reproductive success, that trait will likely be passed on to subsequent generations. this best illustrates
Natural selection
According to evolutionary psychologists behaviors that promote reproductive success are likely to be
Genetically predisposed
according to evolutionary psychologists out predisposition to overconsume fatty junk foods illustrates that we are biologically prepared to behave in way that promote the _____ of our ancestors
Reproductive success
When male and female student research assistants at Florida State University sexually propositioned an attractive person of the opposite sex, their invitations were accepted by
A sizeable minority of men but virtually no women
Brittla spends a lot of money on cosmetics and expensive clothing in order to attract a desirable mate. according to evolutionary psychologists, Brittla’s behavior is a product of
Genetic predispositions
Identical twins are most likely to share a similar prenatal environment if they share the same
Gender schemas
A stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child’s
Neural connections
Compared to environmentally impoverished rats, those rats housed in enriched environments experienced a dramatic increase in the number of their
It has been suggested that our sensitivity to peer influence is genetically predisposed because it has facilitated the process of human mating. this suggestion best illustrates
An evolutionary perspective
Kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. this best illustrates
Selection effect
Cultural diversity best illustrates our
Adaptive capacities
The preservation of innovation best illustrates the survival value of
The enduring traditions ideas attitudes and behaviors shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next define their
Those who study cultural influences on behavior are most likely to highlight the importance of
The practice of covering your mouth when you cough best illustrates the impact of
A willingness to switch jobs and move from on part of the country to another best illustrates one of the consequences of
A collectivist culture is especially likely to emphasize the importance of
Social harmony
People living inn a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist cultures to report experiencing
Family loyalty
One would not observe unusually high rates of divorce in culture that promote
Returning personal favors to those who have shown you kindness is especially likely to be emphasized in cultures characterized by
Innovation and creativity and religious and ethnic diversity are most likely to be appreciated in a culture characterized by
The importance of romance in marriage relationships is most strongly emphasized in cultures characterized by
Genetically female children exposed to excess testosterone during prenatal development subsequently exhibit more tomboyish behaviors than most girls. In order to avoid overestimating the influence of prenatal hormones on these behaviors, it should be noted that these children
Have unusually reactive temperaments
Gender role refers to
A set of expected behaviors of males and females
When teased by his older sister, 9 year old waldo does not cry because he has learned that boys are not expected to. Waldo’s behavior best illustrates the importance of
Gender roles
Maria has always taken responsibility for preparing family meals because she learned that this was expected of women. Her behavior best illustrates the importance of
Gender roles
Gender identity refers to
The sense of being male or female
The impact of rewards and punishments on gender typing is most clearly emphasized by
Social learning theory
Children’s tendency to classify toys and songs as either masculine or feminine is most likely to facilitate the process of
gender typing
An integrated understanding of gender differences in ehavior in terms of gender roles, sex hormones, and individual expectations regarding gender appropriate behavior is most clearly provided by
A Biopsychosocial approach
By insisting that humans are nothing but products of natures and nurture we run the greatest risk of
Individual Responsibility