AP Human Geography Chapter Six

question

acculturation
answer

cultural modification or change that results when one culture group or individual adopts traits of a dominant or host society; cultural development or change through \”borrowing\”
question

adaptation
answer

In immigration, the term summarizes how individuals, households, and communities respond and adjust to new experiences and social and cultural surroundings.
question

amalgamation theory
answer

In ethnic geography, the concept that multiethnic societies become a merger of the culture traits of their member groups.
question

assimilation
answer

a two-part behavioral and structural process by which the minority population reduces or loses completely its identifying cultural characteristics and blends into the host society.
question

behavioral (cultural) assimilation
answer

the process of integration into a common cultural life through acquisition of the sentiments, attitudes, and experiences of other groups.
question

chain migration
answer

the process by which migration movements from a common home area to a specific destination are sustained by links of friendship or kinship between first movers and later followers.
question

charter group
answer

In plural societies, the early arriving ethnic group that created the first effective settlement and established the recognized cultural norms to which other, later groups are expected to conform.
question

cluster migration
answer

a pattern of movement and settlement resulting from the collective action of a distinctive social or ethnic group.
question

colony
answer

In ethnic geography, an urban ethnic area serving as point of entry and temporary acculturation zone for a specific immigrant group.
question

culture rebound
answer

the re-adoption by later generations of cultural traits and identities associated with immigrant forebears or ancestral homelands.
question

ethnic enclave
answer

a small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture.
question

ethnic geography
answer

the study of spatial distributions and interactions of ethnic groups and of the cultural characteristics on which they are based.
question

ethnic group
answer

people sharing a distinctive culture, frequently based on common national origin, religion, language, or race.
question

ethnic island
answer

a small rural area settled by a single, distinctive ethnic group that placed its imprint on the landscape.
question

ethnicity
answer

ethnic quality; affiliation with a group whose racial, cultural, religious, or linguistic characteristics or national origins distinguish it from a larger population within which it is found.
question

ethnic province
answer

a large territory, urban and rural, dominated by or closely associated with a single ethnic group.
question

ethnocentrism
answer

conviction of the evident superiority of one’s own ethnic group.
question

first effective settlement
answer

the influence that the characteristics of an early dominant settlement group exert on the later social and cultural geography of an area.
question

gene flow
answer

the transfer of genes of one breeding population into the gene pool of another through interbreeding.
question

genetic drift
answer

a chance modification of gene flow occurring in an isolated population and becoming accentuated through interbreeding.
question

ghetto
answer

a forced or voluntary segregated residential area housing a racial, ethnic, or religious minority.
question

host society
answer

the established and dominant society within which immigrant groups seek accommodation.
question

natural selection
answer

the process resulting in the reproductive success of individuals or groups best adapted to their environment, leading to the perpetuation of their genetic qualities.
question

race
answer

a subset of human population whose members share certain distinctive, inherited biological characteristics.
question

segregation
answer

a measure of the degree to which members of a minority group are not uniformly distributed among the total population.
question

social distance
answer

a measure of the perceived degree of social separation between individuals, ethnic groups, neighborhoods, or other groupings; the voluntary or enforced segregation of two or more distinct social groups for most activities.
question

structural assimilation
answer

the distribution of immigrant ethnics among the groups and social strata of a host society, but without their full behavioral assimilation into it.
question

tipping point
answer

the degree of neighborhood racial or ethnic mixing that induces the former majority group to move out rapidly.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member