AP Gov Chapter 16 Practice Quiz

question
The function of the U.S. solicitor general is to
answer
approve every case the federal government presents to the Supreme Court.
question
As a result of two clear blocs of liberal and conservative justices, __________ often casts a "swing vote" on the Supreme Court.
answer
justice kennedy
question
In National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012), the Supreme ruled that states do not have to expand their Medicaid coverage because
answer
the provision violates the Constitution by impermissibly threatening states with a loss of existing federal funding for a program.
question
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg votes with a majority of Supreme Court justices on a particular case, even though her reasoning differs from the others. She may choose to express her reasons in a(n)
answer
concurring opinion
question
The Supreme Court entered its most active period with the arrival of Chief Justice __________.
answer
warren
question
Which recent Supreme Court nominee became the object of a notable Senate rejection?
answer
robert bork
question
The Supreme Court's primary weapon in the government's system of checks and balances is known as
answer
judicial review
question
Studies have shown the ideology of judges
answer
none of these is true
question
The Court of Military Appeals is an example of a __________.
answer
legislative court
question
The "Exceptions" clause in Article III, Section III has been interpreted by the Court to mean that
answer
congress can change the courts appellate jurisdiction
question
Franklin Roosevelt's court-packing plan would have allowed him to name a new justice
answer
for every incumbent justice over the age of 70
question
Democratic judges are more likely to make __________ decisions than Republican judges.
answer
liberal
question
When judges believe that they must confirm themselves to applying rules stated in or clearly implied by the language of the Constitution, they are following the __________ approach.
answer
judicial restraint
question
There are thirteen __________ in the federal judiciary.
answer
courts of appeal
question
Federal courts can hear all cases
answer
arising under the constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties.
question
In Federalist paper No. 78, Alexander Hamilton described the Supreme Court as
answer
the least dangerous branch
question
In most cases presented to the Supreme Court, the bulk of the argumentation presented by either side will be found in the __________.
answer
brief
question
In the Supreme Court's ruling on President Obama's health care plan, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012), the Court
answer
upheld the individual mandate and struck down the mandate that state governments expand Medicaid by 2014.
question
When Congress passed a law that forbade anyone from carrying a gun near a school, the Supreme Court declared the law invalid because such behavior
answer
did not affect inerstate commerce
question
__________ is a legal concept that refers to who is entitled to bring a case.
answer
standing
question
What does the U.S. Constitution have to say about the size of the Supreme Court?
answer
it does not indicate how large the court should be
question
In response to a Supreme Court decision governing citizens suing a state in federal courts, the __________ was added to the Constitution.
answer
tenth amendment
question
The Court of International Trade is a specialized
answer
constitutional court
question
The first chief justice of the Supreme was __________.
answer
john marshall
question
A chief justice is able to exercise his/her influence most effectively by
answer
guiding the debate
question
Senatorial courtesy is an especially important consideration in nominations to
answer
district courts
question
Federal Courts do not issue _________ opinions.
answer
advisory
question
After 1936, the Supreme Court stopped
answer
imposing any serious restrictions on state or federal power to regulate the economy, leaving such matters in the hands of legislatures.
question
If California and Arizona sue each other over water usage from the Colorado River, the case can be heard only
answer
by the supreme court
question
The behavior of Justices Holmes, Burger, and Blackmun suggests that
answer
presidents can sometimes be mistaken in their prediction about the actions of their judicial appointees.
question
In recent years, the percentage of nominees to federal court who have been confirmed by the Senate
answer
has decreased significantly
question
Fee shifting is the practice of
answer
getting the loser to pay court costs
question
"Stare decisis" is usually translated as
answer
let the decision stand
question
Among the current members of the U.S. Supreme Court there is (are) __________ woman (women).
answer
three
question
The dual court system of the United States refers to __________ and __________ courts.
answer
federal; state
question
Between 1789 and the Civil War, the Supreme Court was primarily occupied with the issues of
answer
slavery and national supremacy
question
There are 94 __________ in the federal judiciary.
answer
district courts
question
The authors suggest the chief motive for using the litmus test involves a judicial nominee's views on
answer
abortion
question
One basic difference between a constitutional court and a legislative court is that
answer
constitutional court judges cannot be fired
question
In recent years, the percentage of nominees to federal court who have been confirmed by the Senate
answer
has decreased significantly
question
The most common background or professional experience among members of the current Supreme Court is experience as a(n) __________.
answer
federal judge
question
One unintended consequence of the Supreme Court's heavy caseload is an increase in the influence wielded by
answer
law clerks
question
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court held that
answer
the federal government could pass any laws necessary and proper to the attainment of constitutional ends.
question
The litigation involving four police officers accused of beating Rodney King illustrates the fact that
answer
some defendants are tried in both state and federal courts
question
The Supreme Court will grant cert and hear a case if __________ justices agree to do so.
answer
four
question
In addition to funding appeals, interest groups will also
answer
organize and bring cases to the court
question
The principle that the Supreme Court used in overturning Fulton's monopoly on a New York steamboat operation was that
answer
state law cannot prevail over federal law
question
In 1974, the Supreme Court held that it would no longer hear class-action suits seeking monetarydamages
answer
unless the case is either defined by Congress or if every member of the class was individually notified of the case.
question
From the Civil War to the 1930s, the Supreme Court was primarily occupied with
answer
economic regulation by government
question
"Amicus curiae" is usually translated as
answer
friend of the court
question
On the issue of state sovereignty, the text states that since around 1992, the Supreme Court has
answer
begun to restore the view that states have the right to resist some forms of federal action.
question
hich is correct about the Senate confirming federal judges?
answer
until recently, most judges were confirmed
question
In __________ the Supreme Court for the first time, in a decision authored by Chief Justice John Marshall, held that the Court could declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
answer
marbury v madison
question
In __________, the Supreme Court ruled that the Court can review the decisions of the highest state courts if they involve a federal law or the federal Constitution.
answer
martin v. hunters lessee
question
The current chief justice of the Supreme Court is __________.
answer
john g. roberts jr
question
There have only been _________ chief justices of the United States Supreme Court.
answer
sixteen
question
Brown v. Board of Education is an example of a
answer
class-action suit
1 of

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers
question
The function of the U.S. solicitor general is to
answer
approve every case the federal government presents to the Supreme Court.
question
As a result of two clear blocs of liberal and conservative justices, __________ often casts a "swing vote" on the Supreme Court.
answer
justice kennedy
question
In National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012), the Supreme ruled that states do not have to expand their Medicaid coverage because
answer
the provision violates the Constitution by impermissibly threatening states with a loss of existing federal funding for a program.
question
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg votes with a majority of Supreme Court justices on a particular case, even though her reasoning differs from the others. She may choose to express her reasons in a(n)
answer
concurring opinion
question
The Supreme Court entered its most active period with the arrival of Chief Justice __________.
answer
warren
question
Which recent Supreme Court nominee became the object of a notable Senate rejection?
answer
robert bork
question
The Supreme Court's primary weapon in the government's system of checks and balances is known as
answer
judicial review
question
Studies have shown the ideology of judges
answer
none of these is true
question
The Court of Military Appeals is an example of a __________.
answer
legislative court
question
The "Exceptions" clause in Article III, Section III has been interpreted by the Court to mean that
answer
congress can change the courts appellate jurisdiction
question
Franklin Roosevelt's court-packing plan would have allowed him to name a new justice
answer
for every incumbent justice over the age of 70
question
Democratic judges are more likely to make __________ decisions than Republican judges.
answer
liberal
question
When judges believe that they must confirm themselves to applying rules stated in or clearly implied by the language of the Constitution, they are following the __________ approach.
answer
judicial restraint
question
There are thirteen __________ in the federal judiciary.
answer
courts of appeal
question
Federal courts can hear all cases
answer
arising under the constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties.
question
In Federalist paper No. 78, Alexander Hamilton described the Supreme Court as
answer
the least dangerous branch
question
In most cases presented to the Supreme Court, the bulk of the argumentation presented by either side will be found in the __________.
answer
brief
question
In the Supreme Court's ruling on President Obama's health care plan, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012), the Court
answer
upheld the individual mandate and struck down the mandate that state governments expand Medicaid by 2014.
question
When Congress passed a law that forbade anyone from carrying a gun near a school, the Supreme Court declared the law invalid because such behavior
answer
did not affect inerstate commerce
question
__________ is a legal concept that refers to who is entitled to bring a case.
answer
standing
question
What does the U.S. Constitution have to say about the size of the Supreme Court?
answer
it does not indicate how large the court should be
question
In response to a Supreme Court decision governing citizens suing a state in federal courts, the __________ was added to the Constitution.
answer
tenth amendment
question
The Court of International Trade is a specialized
answer
constitutional court
question
The first chief justice of the Supreme was __________.
answer
john marshall
question
A chief justice is able to exercise his/her influence most effectively by
answer
guiding the debate
question
Senatorial courtesy is an especially important consideration in nominations to
answer
district courts
question
Federal Courts do not issue _________ opinions.
answer
advisory
question
After 1936, the Supreme Court stopped
answer
imposing any serious restrictions on state or federal power to regulate the economy, leaving such matters in the hands of legislatures.
question
If California and Arizona sue each other over water usage from the Colorado River, the case can be heard only
answer
by the supreme court
question
The behavior of Justices Holmes, Burger, and Blackmun suggests that
answer
presidents can sometimes be mistaken in their prediction about the actions of their judicial appointees.
question
In recent years, the percentage of nominees to federal court who have been confirmed by the Senate
answer
has decreased significantly
question
Fee shifting is the practice of
answer
getting the loser to pay court costs
question
"Stare decisis" is usually translated as
answer
let the decision stand
question
Among the current members of the U.S. Supreme Court there is (are) __________ woman (women).
answer
three
question
The dual court system of the United States refers to __________ and __________ courts.
answer
federal; state
question
Between 1789 and the Civil War, the Supreme Court was primarily occupied with the issues of
answer
slavery and national supremacy
question
There are 94 __________ in the federal judiciary.
answer
district courts
question
The authors suggest the chief motive for using the litmus test involves a judicial nominee's views on
answer
abortion
question
One basic difference between a constitutional court and a legislative court is that
answer
constitutional court judges cannot be fired
question
In recent years, the percentage of nominees to federal court who have been confirmed by the Senate
answer
has decreased significantly
question
The most common background or professional experience among members of the current Supreme Court is experience as a(n) __________.
answer
federal judge
question
One unintended consequence of the Supreme Court's heavy caseload is an increase in the influence wielded by
answer
law clerks
question
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court held that
answer
the federal government could pass any laws necessary and proper to the attainment of constitutional ends.
question
The litigation involving four police officers accused of beating Rodney King illustrates the fact that
answer
some defendants are tried in both state and federal courts
question
The Supreme Court will grant cert and hear a case if __________ justices agree to do so.
answer
four
question
In addition to funding appeals, interest groups will also
answer
organize and bring cases to the court
question
The principle that the Supreme Court used in overturning Fulton's monopoly on a New York steamboat operation was that
answer
state law cannot prevail over federal law
question
In 1974, the Supreme Court held that it would no longer hear class-action suits seeking monetarydamages
answer
unless the case is either defined by Congress or if every member of the class was individually notified of the case.
question
From the Civil War to the 1930s, the Supreme Court was primarily occupied with
answer
economic regulation by government
question
"Amicus curiae" is usually translated as
answer
friend of the court
question
On the issue of state sovereignty, the text states that since around 1992, the Supreme Court has
answer
begun to restore the view that states have the right to resist some forms of federal action.
question
hich is correct about the Senate confirming federal judges?
answer
until recently, most judges were confirmed
question
In __________ the Supreme Court for the first time, in a decision authored by Chief Justice John Marshall, held that the Court could declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
answer
marbury v madison
question
In __________, the Supreme Court ruled that the Court can review the decisions of the highest state courts if they involve a federal law or the federal Constitution.
answer
martin v. hunters lessee
question
The current chief justice of the Supreme Court is __________.
answer
john g. roberts jr
question
There have only been _________ chief justices of the United States Supreme Court.
answer
sixteen
question
Brown v. Board of Education is an example of a
answer
class-action suit