Please enter something

AP Gov Chapter 14 Test Answers

question

An obvious and important difference between a president and a prime minister is that the latter always has
answer

The support of the majority party
question

In a parliamentary system, the voters cannot choose
answer

The prime minister
question

More recent presidents have rarely been ______ right before becoming president
answer

Legislators
question

With substantial Democratic majorities in both houses of Congress, President Kennedy, during the last year of his presidency, was able to secure passage of ________ of his proposals
answer

25%
question

The text cites the 1946 Marshall Plan and the Tax Reform Act of 1986 to illustrate that
answer

Divided government often produces results comparable to unified government
question

The texts suggests that a “unified government” might be
answer

a myth
question

The text observes that the delegates to the Constitutional Convention feared
answer

monarchy and anarchy
question

Alexander Hamilton stood at the Constitutional Convention and gave a five-hour speech calling for
answer

an elective monarchy
question

The cause of those who argued for a single, elected president at the convention was, no doubt, aided by the fact that
answer

George Washington was the assumed first President
question

An aspect of George Washington’s personality that encouraged the delegates to the Constitutional Convention to approve an elected presidency was his
answer

self-restraint
question

One of the fears expressed by the Founders about aspects of the presidency was the fear of a president’s
answer

Command of the state militias
question

One concern expressed at the convention focused on the possibility that shared powers would cause the president to be a mere “tool” of
answer

The Senate
question

The primary source(s) of the expansion of presidential power can be found in
answer

Foreign affairs, public opinion, and “inherent” powers
question

The first plan suggested at the convention called for the president to be chosen by
answer

Congress
question

The Framers solved the problem of how to elect the president by
answer

Adopting the electoral college
question

Under the original provisions of the U.S. Constitution, the states were to choose presidential electors
answer

In any way they wanted to
question

The Framers assumed that, under the electoral college system, most presidential elections would be decided in the House. Why did this not turn out to be the case?
answer

Political parties ended up playing a bigger role in elections than the Founders suspected
question

Presidents are now limited to two terms by the
answer

22nd Amendment
question

Regarding terms of office, the pattern among most early presidents was to
answer

Serve two full terms
question

How was the legitimacy of the office of president aided during the years of the first presidents
answer

They left very little for the President to do
question

The personality of which president began to alter the relationship between the president and Congress and the nature of presidential leadership
answer

Andrew Jackson
question

Prior to the 1850s, the president who made the most vigorous use of the veto power was
answer

Andrew Jackson
question

Andrew Jackson established the precedent that a president’s veto can be used
answer

To direct the country’s policies toward public opinion
question

In order to win the presidency today, a candidate must win ______ electoral votes
answer

270
question

In only ____ instances, candidates have won the electoral vote without winning a majority of the popular vote
answer

3
question

The last time a candidate won a majority of the electoral college without winning the popular vote was
answer

2000
question

Given the distribution of electoral votes, a candidate can win the presidency with as few as ____ states
answer

11, the 10 most populous states plus 1 more state with at least 15 electoral votes
question

Most Americans believe we should _______ the electoral college
answer

abolish
question

The text suggests that the abolition of the electoral college might lead to
answer

A large third party
question

The era from 1836 to 1932 is commonly viewed as one of
answer

Congressional rule
question

President Lincoln justified his unprecedented use of the vague powers granted in Article II of the U.S. Constitution by citing
answer

“implied” or “inherent” powers in order to ensure that the “laws were faithfully executed”.
question

From the examples of Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln, one learns that emergency conditions and ________ can offer presidents the opportunity for substantial increases in power
answer

Strong-willed personalities
question

Which president was one of the first to argue for a presidential legislative program
answer

Woodrow Wilson
question

The powers that the president shares with the Senate include
answer

Making treaties and appointing ambassadors, judges, and high officials
question

Grover Cleveland used federal troops to break a labor strike by invoking his power to
answer

“take care that the laws be faithfully executed”
question

According to the text, the greatest source of presidential power lies in the realm of
answer

Public opinion
question

The rule of propinquity states that
answer

Power is wielded by people who are in the room when a decision is made
question

The principal function of the White House Office is to
answer

Counsel, advise, and support the President by overseeing his/hers political and policy interests
question

According to the text, the three methods by which a president can organize his or her personal staff are
answer

Pyramid, circular, and ad hoc
question

President Clinton’s use of task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends and advisers is characteristic of which method of staff organization
answer

Ad hoc
question

The method of staff organization that poses the risk of isolating or misinforming the president is called
answer

Pyramid
question

When President Reagan appointed a chief of staff in 1985, he was acting according to what model of organization
answer

Pyramid
question

Today, senior White House staff members are drawn from the ranks of
answer

The President’s campaign staff
question

The most important agency in the Executive Office of the President in terms of providing administrative assistance is the
answer

Office of Management and Budget
question

George Washington attempted to get his cabinet members to work together, and the result was
answer

futile
question

The cabinet officers consist of the heads of
answer

The fifteen major executive departments
question

The seating order at cabinet meetings most accurately reflects
answer

The age of that cabinet member’s department
question

The prior work experience of presidential appointees to the executive branch is most likely to include
answer

Government service at some level
question

Richard Neustadt used the label in and outers for
answer

People who alternate between the private and public sector
question

A trend in recent cabinet appointments has been to
answer

Appoint “experts”
question

Relationships between White House staff and department heads are typically characterized by
answer

Tension
question

The presidential character of Lyndon Johnson was characterized by
answer

Face-to-face confrontations
question

The presidential character of Richard Nixon was characterized by
answer

Deep-seeded suspicion
question

Which president considered himself an “outsider” and boasted of it
answer

Jimmy Carter
question

The presidential character of Ronald Reagan was characterized by
answer

Efficient communication
question

Which president was elected as a centrist Democrat but immediately pursued liberal policies
answer

Bill Clinton
question

When President Franklin Roosevelt gave the impression of self-confidence and being on top of things, the audience that was most likely to perceive him as effective comprised
answer

His colleagues in Washington
question

When a president makes fire-and-brimstone speeches confirming a shared sense of purpose, he or she is appealing principally to
answer

Party activists
question

When a presidential candidate talks on the campaign trail of the many good things that he would accomplish as president, he or she is appealing principally to
answer

“the public” who is naïve enough to believe him
question

When the president uses the prestige and visibility of the office to guide or mobilize the American people, we say that he or she is using the
answer

Bully pulpit
question

Members of Congress pay attention to the personal popularity of a president because
answer

They do not like to aggressively oppose the positions of an extremely popular president
question

From the time of winning office to the time of leaving it, the popularity of most recent presidents
answer

Sank like the Titanic
question

The classic example of the honeymoon phenomenon was
answer

FDR and the “first hundred days”
question

Veto power and executive privilege give a president both a way of blocking action and a
answer

Bargaining chip with Congress
question

A bill is passed to the president for action while Congress is still in session. After ten days he or she has still not approved it. What happens to the bill
answer

Becomes law automatically
question

When President Reagan was governor of California, he could veto portions of a bill that were irrelevant to the subject of the bill. He was exercising what is called
answer

line -item veto
question

More than 2,500 presidential vetoes have been made since 1789. Congress has overridden about what percentage of these
answer

4%
question

The presidential claims for executive privilege are based on the separation of powers and on
answer

The necessity to obtain confidential and candid advice
question

United States v. Nixon held that there is
answer

No “absolute unqualified Presidential privilege of immunity from judicial process under all circumstances”
question

The result of the Supreme Court’s ruling in United States v. Nixon was that
answer

Nixon had to hand over all the evidence that would eventually incriminate him
question

The major test of presidential power with respect to impoundment of funds came in the administration of
answer

Nixon
question

If a president has a particular attitude about how a piece of legislation might be implemented, he or she might issue a
answer

Signing statement
question

Members of Congress argue that signing statements are the equivalent of the
answer

Line-item veto
question

President Reagan’s approach to his program was to
answer

Concentrate on a few major initiatives, and leave everything else to subordinates
question

A president who is uncertain whether a policy he or she is considering will be controversial would be most likely to
answer

“float” the idea to the American public
question

One major constraint on a president’s ability to plan and develop a program is the
answer

Limit of time
question

The typical workweek for a president numbers approximately
answer

90 hours
question

In recent decades, the two key issues that presidents have focused on in planning and developing new programs have been
answer

The economy, stupid, and foreign affairs
question

Every president since Harry Truman has commented that the power of the presidency
answer

Is limited
question

How many times has a president served more than two terms
answer

once
question

How many U.S. presidents have been assassinated while in office
answer

4
question

The constitutional duty of the vice president is to
answer

Preside over the Senate
question

The position of “acting president” was created by
answer

John Tyler
question

Who succeeds to the presidency if both the president and vice president die
answer

Speaker of the House
question

The objects of impeachment have most frequently been
answer

Federal judges
question

________ decide(s) whether to remove the president from office following an impeachment trial
answer

The Senate
question

The fundamental concern in defining the presidential succession is to
answer

Make the office legitimate
question

Concerning the powers of the executive and legislative branches of government, the text concludes that
answer

They both have become more constrained
question

The text argues that many of the problems of bureaucracy in government arise from its
answer

Size and complexity
question

Divided authority over the bureaucracy encourages bureaucrats to play one branch of government off against the other and to make heavy use of
answer

The media
question

Defenders of government by proxy argue that the system
answer

Produces more flexibility, takes advantage of private and nonprofit skills, and defends the priciples of federalism.
question

One complication surrounding the federal bureaucracy is the fact that the Constitution
answer

Doesn’t directly address it
question

James Madison argued that the president alone must be able to fire a federal employee because
answer

The president must be able to control his subordinates
question

In the early days of the federal government, the only department that had much power was the
answer

Treasury Department
question

During most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, appointments to the civil service were based primarily on
answer

Patronage
question

The great watershed in the expansion of government bureaucracy in the United States occurred during the
answer

Late 1800s
question

The federal government did not begin to regulate the economy in any large way until
answer

1887, Interstate Commerce Commission
question

A laissez-faire economy is
answer

An economy ran without the interference of government
question

During World War I, President Wilson was authorized by Congress to
answer

Fix prices, operate the railroads, manage the communications system, and even control the distribution of food.
question

Periodically, the size of the bureaucracy has grown substantially. These times of growth have generally occurred during
answer

Times of war
question

A dramatic increase in activism by the federal bureaucracy occurred in the twentieth century, largely as a consequence of
answer

The Great Depression