AP Art History Ch 8 (main terms)

Flashcard maker : Paula Corcoran
The Kaaba, Mecca
Who: n/a
What: The Kaaba
When: n/a
Where: Mecca
Why: houses the rock that Muhammed ascended into heaven from, where you go to make the hajj, people rotate around it and spiral inwards to get close to the Kaaba
Medium: covered with black covering with ornate embroidery of Quran
The Kaaba
Dome of the Rock
Who: n/a
What: Dome of the Rock
When: 7th century
Where: Jerusalem
Why: jews and muslims claim this site because Mohammed rose to heaven here but Isaac was almost sacrificed here and Adam and Eve were created here
Medium: tiles, gold, stone, plaster
Dome of the Rock Interior
Who: n/a
What: Dome of the Rock
When: 7th century
Where: Jerusalem
Why: no pictures, all designs, holy site, very Byzantine
Medium: tiles, gold, stone, plaster
Dome of the Rock Plan
Great Mosque of Cordoba Exterior
Who: n/a
What: Great Mosque of Cordoba
When: 10th century
Where: Spain
Why: start out as Basilica, things added around it, fruit trees (mainly orange) in courtyard, columns are recycled from Christian church, horse shoe arches seen in Islamic architecture inspired by Byzantine architeture
Medium: brick, metal, stone
Great Mosque of Cordoba Exterior
Who: n/a
What: Great Mosque of Cordoba
When: 10th century
Where: Spain
Why: start out as Basilica, things added around it, fruit trees (mainly orange) in courtyard, columns are recycled from Christian church, horse shoe arches seen in Islamic architecture inspired by Byzantine architeture
Medium: brick, metal, stone
Great Mosque of Cordoba Interior
Who: n/a
What: Great Mosque of Cordoba
When: 10th century
Where: Spain
Why: horseshoe arches, spolia (reused columns)
Medium: plaster, paint, spolia, tile
Great Mosque of Cordoba entrance
Who: n/a
What: Great Mosque of Cordoba Entrance
When: 10th century
Where: Spain
Why: sort of keel arches, leaf-like arch, overlapping pattern, blind arcade, secondary arches (leaf shaped), pure design
Medium: stone
Alhambra
Who: n/a
What: The Alhambra
When: 14th century
Where: Spain
Why: Islamic palace with Byzantine influence, yellow, red gold,
Medium: stucco (plaster), wood, tile, paint, gilding
Alhambra Court of the Lions
Who: n/a
What: Alhambra Court of Lions
When: 14th century
Where: Spain
Why: fountain held on the back of lions, arcade of stucco
Medium: carved plaster, stone
Alhambra, Hall of the two sisters
Who: n/a
What: Alhambra, Hall of the two Sisters
When: 14th century
Where: Spain
Why: called hall of the two sisters because of two big marble flag stones
Medium: stone, marble, plaster
Alhambra Plan
Baptistere of Saint Louis
Who: n/a
What: Baptistere of Saint Louis
When: 14th century
Where: made in Egypt, found in France
Why: inlay of silver and gold, subject is hunting and horsemanship
Medium: metal (brass)
Pyxis of al-Mughira
Who: n/a
What: Pyxis of al Mughira
When: 15th century
Where: Spain
Why: inlayed with jade, purpose: to hold perfume, cosmetic, hold bottles, gift to 18 yr old Al-Mughire as he was coming of age (royal son) inside the medallion figures hold septar and fan
Medium: ivory, jade
Page from the Quran
Who: n/a
What: Page from the Quran
When: 7th century (conclusion of writing)
Where: n/a
Why: put lots of emphasis on learning the Quran so both men and women were very educated, calligraphers had the highest status as artists, new chapter: knob with tree trunk design
Medium: ink on parchment
Mosque of Selim II exterior
Who: n/a
What: Mosque of Selim II
When: 16th century
Where: Turkey
Why: for the prayer of Muslims, everything in city was centered around the mosque: soup kitchen, madrasa, markets
Medium: stone, marble, concrete
Mosque of Selim II interior
Who: n/a
What: Mosque of Selim II
When: 16th century
Where: Turkey
Why: lots of meditative intricacies
Medium: plaster, paint, stone
Mosque of Selim plan
Majid-e Jameh
Who: n/a
What: Majid-e Jameh
When: 12th century
Where: Iran
Why: translates to royal mosque, portal is forty feet tall, iwan: pointed semi-circle of opening
Medium: stone, tile, plaster, brick, concrete
Majid-e Jameh pointed arch
Who: n/a
What: Majid-e Jameh Pointer arch
When: 12th century
Where: Iran
Why: keel arches
Medium: tile, plaster, concrete, stone
Majid-e Jameh courtyard
Who: n/a
What: Majid-e Jameh courtyard
When: 12th century
Where: Iran
Why: courtyard
Medium: stone, brick, concrete
Majid-e Jameh prayer room
Who: n/a
What: Majid-e Jameh prayer room
When: 12th century
Where: Iran
Why: priests would stand there to give service, often for decoration
Medium: stone, concrete
Bahram Gur Fights the King
Who: n/a
What: Bahram Gur Fights the King
When: 14th century
Where: Persia
Why: Bahram Gur is slaying a wolf, he is wearing European Fabric, background is similar to Chinese landscape (experimental painting)
Medium: ink, watercolor, gold and silver on paper
The Court of the Gayumars
Who: Sultan Mohommed
What: The Court of the Gayumars
When: 16th century
Where: Iran
Why: artist is considered the most impressive and greatest miniature manuscript painter, Gayumars was the first king of Iran (beginning of civilization) sitting on top of tiger skin, rocks of mountains have human faces, wore leopard skin, near sun a demon looks at a bear hurling a rock, famous for being packed with surprises
Medium: ink, watercolor, gold on paper
Ardabil Carpet
Who: n/a
What: Ardabil Carpet
When: n/a
Where: n/a
Why: most carpets went to mosques or tombs, medallion style, made by a group of weavers normally mostly women
Medium: 34×17′ very nice carpet, wool

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