Antigone Study Guide: Prologue and Parodos

How are Antigone and Ismene related?
They are sisters

Who are the two brothers mentioned in the prologue?
Polyneices and Eteocles

How did the two brothers die?
In a battle against each other

What is King Creon’s decree?
That whoever buries Polyneices will die by stoning to death.

What does Antigone plan to do?
Bury Polyneices

What is Ismene’s decision regarding the King’s decree?
She will not help Antigone because she feels as though women should not go against the King’s decree.

What does the Choragos compare Polyneices to in the Parodos?
Polyneices is called a “wild screaming eagle” (Parados 10)

What city has “seven gates in a yawning ring?”
Thebes

What does the Chorus compare Thebes to?
Thebes is compared to a “dragon” (Parodos 20)

According to the Choragos, what does God hate?
God hates “The bray of bragging tongues” (Parodos 22)

decree
An authoritative order having the force of law

carrion
Feeding on dead and decaying flesh

yield
To give up to another (an advantage, for example); concede

consider
To think carefully about

roused
To excite, as to anger or action; stir up

eddy
A current of water moving against the direction of the main current

marshal
A military officer of the highest rank in some countries.

sated
To satisfy to excess

bray
A loud, harsh sound resembling that of a donkey

swagger
To walk or conduct oneself with an insolent or arrogant air; strut