Anerican History | Chapter 10 | A Changing Nation | 1815-1840

Henry Clay
from west; supported construction of roads and canals

John C. Calhoun
from south; opposed tarrifs; supports states rights

Daniel Webster
from north; supported tarrifs; liked New England

charter
a legal document giving certian rights to a person or company

dumping
selling goods in another country below market prices

Tariff of 1816
made because of British dumping into United States; put tax on things from Britian to boost US economy

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
supreme court case the protected the second Bank of the USA

contract
an agreement between two or more parties that can be enforced by law

interstate commerce
trade between two or more states

cede
to give up

Miguel Hidalgo
organized army of Native Americans that freed Mexican provinces

Simn Bolivar
called Liberator; led independance movements in Northern South America

James Monroe
wrote Monroe doctrine; President

John Quincey Adams
Secretary of State under Monroe

self government
the right of the people to rule themselves independentley

Andrew Jackson
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers. Also, he put in place Indian Removal Act.

suffrage
the right to vote

caucus
the meeting of members of a political party

nominating conventions
large meetings of party delegates to choose canidates for office

spoils system
practice of awarding government jobs to loyal supporters of the party that wins the election

Seqouyah
created a written alphabet for the Cherokees

nullification
an action by a state the cancels a federal law to which the state objects

Martin Van Buren
President after Andrew Jackson; took office during the Panic of 1837

William Henry Harrison
won presidencey after Van Buren’s 1st term

log cabin
campaign that said the Harrison was a good president for people who were comfortable in a “log cabin”

Panic of 1837
when Great Britian’s economy was in an economic slowdown they didn’t buy as much cotten so the cotten farmers could not pay back money so the banks crashed

monroe doctrine
a message to Congress by President Monroe stating that the United States would not allow Europeans to create colonies or interfere with the free nations of Latin America

politics of 1840
Harrison v. Van Buren; log cabin campaign

South California
this state threatened to secede in 1832; this state did not believe that they needed to pay the federal tarrifs; when this state was not able to gain other states support on the matter they did not secede; this was the start of tentions that would begin the Civil War

Adams-Onis Treaty
the name of the treaty that got the US Florida; France could not defend it so they decided to cede it to the US

National Bank
Jackson did not like this; called it a monster; tried to abolish it

Indian Removal Act
the act that was made to move the indians west