Anerican History | Chapter 10 | A Changing Nation | 1815-1840

Henry Clay
from west; supported construction of roads and canals
John C. Calhoun
from south; opposed tarrifs; supports states rights
Daniel Webster
from north; supported tarrifs; liked New England
charter
a legal document giving certian rights to a person or company
dumping
selling goods in another country below market prices
Tariff of 1816
made because of British dumping into United States; put tax on things from Britian to boost US economy
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
supreme court case the protected the second Bank of the USA
contract
an agreement between two or more parties that can be enforced by law
interstate commerce
trade between two or more states
cede
to give up
Miguel Hidalgo
organized army of Native Americans that freed Mexican provinces
Simn Bolivar
called Liberator; led independance movements in Northern South America
James Monroe
wrote Monroe doctrine; President
John Quincey Adams
Secretary of State under Monroe
self government
the right of the people to rule themselves independentley
Andrew Jackson
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers. Also, he put in place Indian Removal Act.
suffrage
the right to vote
caucus
the meeting of members of a political party
nominating conventions
large meetings of party delegates to choose canidates for office
spoils system
practice of awarding government jobs to loyal supporters of the party that wins the election
Seqouyah
created a written alphabet for the Cherokees
nullification
an action by a state the cancels a federal law to which the state objects
Martin Van Buren
President after Andrew Jackson; took office during the Panic of 1837
William Henry Harrison
won presidencey after Van Buren’s 1st term
log cabin
campaign that said the Harrison was a good president for people who were comfortable in a “log cabin”
Panic of 1837
when Great Britian’s economy was in an economic slowdown they didn’t buy as much cotten so the cotten farmers could not pay back money so the banks crashed
monroe doctrine
a message to Congress by President Monroe stating that the United States would not allow Europeans to create colonies or interfere with the free nations of Latin America
politics of 1840
Harrison v. Van Buren; log cabin campaign
South California
this state threatened to secede in 1832; this state did not believe that they needed to pay the federal tarrifs; when this state was not able to gain other states support on the matter they did not secede; this was the start of tentions that would begin the Civil War
Adams-Onis Treaty
the name of the treaty that got the US Florida; France could not defend it so they decided to cede it to the US
National Bank
Jackson did not like this; called it a monster; tried to abolish it
Indian Removal Act
the act that was made to move the indians west