Ancient Philosophy – Chapter 5

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Euthyphro meets Socrates before the court because
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he is prosecuting his father for murder
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Socrates describes Meletus as
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a person who knows what is most important: Caring that you people be well brought up
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The charges against Socrates include
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corrupting the youth
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Socrates “divine sign”
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prevents Socrates from doing or saying certain things
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The main thing Socrates wants Euthyphro to teach him is
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what makes something pious
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What Socrates ays that he wants the “form” of piety, he means that he wants
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a definition
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Examination of Euthyphro’s second proposal, that the pious is what the gods love, reveals
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that Euthyphro’s stories about the god leads him, together with this definition into contradiction
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The problem with defining piety as what all the gods love is that
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it gives only an external characteristic of piety
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The conclusion reached in the Euthyphro is that piety is
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none of the above
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Socrates begins his defense by
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contrasting persuasion with speaking the truth
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Those Socrates identities as the earlier accusers
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he later identifies as Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon
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The oracle at Delphi told Socrates’ friend that
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no one was wiser than Socrates
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Which class of people did Socrates not examine?
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slaves
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What does Socrates conclude that the god means by human wisdom
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knowing that one really knows little or nothing
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Socrates says that to fear death
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is to think oneself wise when one is not
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One thing Socrates does not say during his defense speech at the trial is that
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life is the greatest good
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Socrates claims never to have taught anyone anything because
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the truth is already present, implicitly, in everyone
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The reason Socrates concludes that death is not an evil is that
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it is either a dreamless sleep or conversation with those that died before
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In his conversation with Crito, Socrates does not say
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“Life is the greatest good, and happiness is its ornament.”
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Socrates refuses Crito’s offer of escape from prison because
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in escaping he would do injury to the laws of Athens
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Before drinking the poison, Socrates
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converses with his friends about immortality
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T/F With regard to the question of whether the gods love the pious because it is pious or the pious is pious because it is loved by the gods, Socrates favors (a)
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False
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T/F If the pious is service to the gods, it must be the kind of service that a doctor provides
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True
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T/F Socrates’ earlier accusers held that he makes the weaker argument appear the strong and teaches that sort of thing for pay
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False
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T/F Socrates says that if the Athenians kill him, they will harm themselves more than they harm him.
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True
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T/F Socrates proposes a deal: He will stop philosophizing if they spare his life
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False

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